Bio-composite Sago Bark Waste for Interior Decoration Products

Sago bark wastes are recycled through a bio-composite method and utilized the natural features and beautiful surfaces into interior decoration products.

Dr Khairul Aidil Azlin Abdul Rahman (contact details available to registered journalists)
Noorhaizat Sundin

Sago grows widely in peat land delta or riverine areas of Southeast Asia especially in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and Malaysia.

Sarawak has a long tradition of sago industry and over the years it has contributed significantly towards the socioeconomic development of the State. Sago bark is one of the waste materials in the sago production industries.

The locals use the barks of the trunk as timber fuel, wall materials, ceilings and fences. At present, sago bark is processed through bio-composite method to produce sago plywood and particleboards, which have potential as building materials. However, this process does not utilize the surficial beauty and other natural features of the sago bark.

An on-going product development effort at UNIMAS has succeeded in converting waste sago barks into numerous interior decoration products. Shredded sago bark is cured and rebounded in moulds using resins to produce decorative wall tiles. The low technology and simple procedures involved in this process should allow small industries to pick up this idea for commercial production.

The main eco-design strategies applied to the design of the product
- Utilizes agricultural waste
- Efficient use of materials
- Encourages conservation of timber resources
- Low energy manufacturing
- Multifunctional and modular design