DGIST research team develops next-generation semiconductor memory that operates in extreme environments

- Professor Kwon Hyuk-jun Kwon’s research team at DGIST develops a low-temperature solution process through exothermic response-induced combustion synthesis and implements synapse-simulating non-volatile semiconductor memory - It is expected to be applied to next-generation computing systems because of its superb durability and data storage capabilities even in high temperature

□ On January 25, DGIST (President Kun-woo Lee) announced that a research team led by Professor Hyuk-jun Kwon of the Department of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science (the first author, Bong-ho Jang, is a Ph.D. scholar) developed a new manufacturing technology that enables the production of high-quality oxide films and effective patterning at low temperatures and manufactured non-volatile resistive random access memory. It is expected to be used in next-generation computing systems by overcoming the shortcomings of existing manufacturing technologies and developing memories with excellent durability.

 

□ Recently, the development of data-intensive computing systems, such as artificial intelligence, big data, and the Internet of Things (IoT) devices, increased the demand for new next-generation non-volatile memory that offers excellent durability, greater operating speed, and low power consumption. The “resistive random access memory,” a type of memory, changes memory information through current.

 

□ The “solution process technology,” which attracts attention as a method of developing resistive random access memory, enables cost-efficient manufacturing in a large area. Nonetheless, it has the disadvantage of operating only at high temperature and it is challenging to form a uniform pattern.

 

□ Professor Kwon's team has combined the “combustion synthesis technology” with the solution process to overcome these shortcomings. The combustion synthesis technology utilizes exothermic reactions to synthesize materials using the heat generated during combustion. For this reason, this technology helps address the shortcomings of the solution process, as it is unnecessary to provide high temperature from the outside. Professor Kwon's team applied this technology to the precursors of the solution process and obtained high-quality zirconium oxide (ZrO2) film and photopatterning effect through photochemical reaction with ultraviolet rays, even at lower temperatures.

 

□ Furthermore, the research team produced a resistive random access memory using the technology. The manufactured resistive random access memory has significant durability, enduring more than 1,000 cycles and retaining data for more than 100,000 seconds in a high-temperature environment.

 

□ Previously, Professor Kwon’s research team had applied the combustion synthesis technology to produce SnO2 thin-film transistors at low temperatures. This study expanded the technology’s application scope by overcoming the limitations of the existing solution process technology and developing a novel type of resistive random access memory.

 

□ Professor Kwon at the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department said, “This is the result of significantly improving the problems of existing solution process technology,” and added, “It is also expected to contribute to intensive next-generation computing systems and mass production of solution process-based electronic devices.”

 

□ Bong-ho Jang, a Ph.D. scholar, participated as the first author of this study, and Professor Kwon as the corresponding author. This study was published online on January 17 in the Journal of Materials Science & Technology (IF: 10.9, top 1.9 % in the field). This research received funding from the Ministry of Science and ICT's basic research project, next-generation intelligent semiconductor technology development project, nanomaterial technology development project, and DGIST P-CoE project.

- Ccorresponding Author E-mail Address : [email protected]

 

Published: 26 Jan 2024

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