Press releases

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Osaka Metropolitan University
28 Nov 2022
A research group at the Osaka Metropolitan University Graduate School of Science has revealed a new system that allows them to control the behavior of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans, using two different animal opsins, a type of light-sensitive protein. The first opsin was expressed in the worms’ sensory cells responsible for triggering avoidance behavior, making the worms move. This opsin was found to be approximately 7,000 times more sensitive to white light than the commonly used optogenetic protein channelrhodopsin-2. Likewise, a UV-sensitive opsin was expressed in the worms’ motor neurons, causing the worms to stop when exposed to UV light and start moving again when exposed to green light. Both opsins tested can be switched on and off repeatedly without breaking down, making them robust tools for future research, including the field of drug discovery.
Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU)
28 Nov 2022
A Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) collaborative research team has synthesised a nanoparticle named TRZD that can perform the dual function of diagnosing and treating glioma in the brain. It emits persistent luminescence for the diagnostic imaging of glioma tissues in vivo and inhibits the growth of tumour cells by aiding the targeted delivery of chemotherapy drugs. The nanoparticle offers hope for the early diagnosis and treatment of glioma, especially cerebellar glioma, which is even harder to detect and cure with existing methods.
Tohoku University
28 Nov 2022
We don’t know much about the Earth’s inner core because recreating its conditions in a laboratory setting remains fraught with difficulties. Based on tracking seismic waves, scientists theorize that the area in and around the core comprises mostly of iron. But the values extracted from these indicators differ from how pure iron typically behaves. Now, a collaborative research group has succeeded, for the first time, in measuring the speed of sound of pure iron under pressures similar to the Earth’s inner core boundary.
Tohoku University
28 Nov 2022
Most metal and alloys possess a high elastic strain rate at the micro level. But this changes when they are in their bulk shape, as they are for everyday engineering applications. Now, a research group has developed a bulk copper-based alloy boasting the largest tensile elastic strain at room temperature to date.
Osaka University
28 Nov 2022
The research team investigated the role of D-amino acids in severe viral infection. Mouse models of influenza A and COVID-19 infection and patients with severe COVID-19 demonstrated reduced D-amino acid levels in the blood. Supplementation with D-alanine mitigated body weight reduction in IAV model mice and improved survival in COVID-19 model mice. D-amino acids may represent potential biomarkers and therapeutic agents for the treatment of severe viral infection.
Osaka University
28 Nov 2022
Researchers led by Osaka University identified plasma proteins associated with critical pathogenesis in COVID-19. Using a novel blood proteomics method, the researchers evaluated two discovery cohorts and one validation cohort of patients with COVID-19 and healthy volunteers. Cell adhesion proteins WFDC2, GDF15, CHI3L1, and KRT19 were shown to be associated with disease severity in patients with COVID-19, and may serve as potential targets for therapies to treat COVID-19 infection.
Asia Research News
25 Nov 2022
Asia Research News monitors the latest research news in Asia. Some highlights that caught our attention this week are a new planet that orbits a dying star, a map of all the airborne microbes, and the potential to protect our organs by hibernating during surgery.
Tohoku University
25 Nov 2022
Researchers at Tohoku University have shown that astrocytes in the mouse brain exhibit an acid response with intensified epileptic seizures. The astrocytes’ acid response could lead to the amplification of excitatory neuronal signals and be the underlying drive for generating plasticity for epileptogenesis.
Hokkaido University
24 Nov 2022
A new model explains that water evaporating from the Arctic Ocean due to a warming climate is transported south and can lead to increased snowfall in northern Eurasia in late autumn and early winter. This information will allow for more accurate predictions of severe weather events.
The Education University of Hong Kong (EdUHK)
24 Nov 2022
Every child matters, and educational experiences when young, often leave an impression on people for the rest of their lives. For Dr Chrysa Keung, Assistant Professor of Department of Education Policy and Leadership (EPL) at The Education University of Hong Kong (EdUHK), the development of children from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds is a key focus of her work. Her aim is to help young children develop positive thinking from an early age.
International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
24 Nov 2022
Four years of online training, fellowships and support for research on digital rights gets underway as the second phase of the Knowledge for Democracy Myanmar (K4DM) initiative launches in Bangkok on November 25, 2022.
Asia Research News
24 Nov 2022
Giants in History: Through her iconic stories featuring fictional scenes from the history of the Philippines, language teacher and academic Genoveva Matute (3 January 1915 – 21 March 2009) helped strengthen the Filipino identity.
Duke-NUS Medical School
24 Nov 2022
Understanding how bats tolerate viral infections without developing symptoms may lead to better ways of combatting human disease.
Singapore University of Technology and Design
23 Nov 2022
Professor Chua Chee Kai and Associate Professor Yuen Chau, from the Engineering Product Development pillar at SUTD join the list of Highly Cited Researchers™ (HCR) 2022.
Hesitancy in helping
Osaka Metropolitan University
22 Nov 2022
An Osaka Metropolitan University study found that differences in culture affect when Japanese and American university students feel comfortable providing social support. The researchers found that Japanese university students were less likely than American students to offer assistance to a close friend or family member unless they had been explicitly asked for help, even when they knew that the person needed assistance. There were no differences in providing assistance between Japanese and American students when requests for help were explicitly stated.
Kristina Paukshtite via Pexels
Hiroshima University
22 Nov 2022
New study finds that "HUG Your Baby" — a program developed to help parents understand their baby’s behavior — could help reduce postpartum depression in mothers.
Hokkaido University
21 Nov 2022
Intestinal bacteria composition is crucial to driving the recovery of neutrophils counts in the blood of mice following treatments such as stem cell transplants or chemotherapy.
Hokkaido University
21 Nov 2022
Theory-guided development of an easier, more versatile process for synthesizing unsymmetric ligands provides new avenues of exploration in transitional metal catalysis.
Lingnan University (LU)
21 Nov 2022
In early November, Lingnan University (LU) hosted a special event which ran alongside the prestigious THE Global Sustainable Development Congress at the University of Glasgow.
Newly developed detection method for illegal mercury trade
Hiroshima University
21 Nov 2022
Study can help to assess effectiveness of Minamata Convention on Mercury
MAP Academy
20 Nov 2022
Practised in only three countries in the world, the process of making double Ikat is intricate and demands a degree of mathematical precision while weaving the textile on the loom.
Asia Research News
18 Nov 2022
Asia Research News monitors the latest research news in Asia. Some highlights that caught our attention this week are the discovery that rats enjoy music like we do, a microrobot that can tickle small insects, and how dinosaurs’ flight differs from birds.
18 Nov 2022
An expedition with the Search for Lost Birds captured the first-ever photos and video of the black-naped pheasant-pigeon.
Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo (UTokyo-IIS)
18 Nov 2022
Researchers led by the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo develop a novel method for measuring seafloor movement
Asia Research News
18 Nov 2022
Exploring virtual human-agent relationships, A fly protein gives clue for human cancers, Rare earth elements formed in neutron star mergers 💥, One-stop process for hydrogen production. Read all in the November's Editor's Choice plus Upcoming event K4DM KNOWLEDGE MARKETPLACE – Bangkok 2022: Exchanging Ideas for a Democratic Myanmar.
Hokkaido University
18 Nov 2022
Disturbed transmission via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in chick fetuses impairs the hatchlings’ preference for animate objects—similar to what is seen in autism spectrum disorder in humans.
Osaka University
17 Nov 2022
Osaka University researchers simplified the process of producing soft microrobots powered by biomolecular motor muscles by 3D-printing the constituent modules, including actuators and grabbers, in situ. This work may lead to significant advances in scalable production and microsurgery.
Osaka University
17 Nov 2022
Researchers led by Osaka University have shown that a molecule known as ATAD3A is essential for the movement of genetic material inside cellular substructures called mitochondria. Appropriate distribution of this DNA, organized into “nucleoid” structures, is key for the generation of energy by the “respiratory chain” protein complex. This study opens up opportunities for developing new methods to alter nucleoid movement and affect mitochondrial function, thereby providing potential therapies against mitochondrial diseases.
Kanazawa University
17 Nov 2022
In a study recently published in the Journal of Extracellular Vesicles, researchers from Kanazawa University use high-speed microscopy to capture the dynamics of nanosized sacs released from cells.
Time histories of microplastics and chlorophyll-a in the sediments
Ehime University
17 Nov 2022
Microplastics already at the bottom of Beppu Bay by 1960!