Press releases

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X-ray fluorescence spectra analyzed using Bayesian estimation
Osaka Metropolitan University
06 Jan 2023
A research group at Osaka Metropolitan University has succeeded in significantly reducing the measurement time of a glass standard sample by applying Bayesian estimation to X-ray fluorescence analysis. The ability to perform rapid non-contact elemental analysis in a nondestructive manner could lead to the widespread use of this technique in many fields, including the analysis of moving industrial products and waste materials while being carried on conveyor belts.
When the H5N1 HPAI virus (orange) affected a flock of crows in a public garden, it caused a mass die-off of crows. An Ezo red fox and a Japanese raccoon dog were also infected by the H5N1 HPAI virus, the former likely by consuming corpses of the crows, and the latter due to close contact with crow corpses (Illustration: Takahiro Hiono).
Hokkaido University
05 Jan 2023
Researchers at Hokkaido University have revealed the effects of high pathogenicity avian influenza virus infection on an Ezo red fox and a Japanese raccoon dog, linking their infection to a recorded die-off of crows.
Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo (UTokyo-IIS)
05 Jan 2023
Researchers at The University of Tokyo simulate the phase separation of self-spinning particles, and show that the process differs from other unmixing processes, which may shed light on the organization of bacteria and other organisms
Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU)
04 Jan 2023
A research study led by scientists from the School of Chinese Medicine (SCM) at Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has shown for the first time that the human gut bacterium Ruminococcus gnavus is a major trigger factor of diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). Based on this discovery, a new therapeutic target for the disease’s treatment was identified. The study also found that low-protein food items such as fresh fruits, vegetables and bread may help reduce the gut motility in IBS-D.
Osaka University
04 Jan 2023
Researchers from Osaka University found that dietary supplementation with tricaprin results in coronary artery plaque regression and resolution of symptoms in patients with triglyceride deposit cardiomyovasculopathy, a treatment-resistant form of coronary artery disease. These findings represent a conceptually novel treatment for coronary atherosclerosis that paves the way toward establishing a multi-faceted approach to caring for patients with this condition.
The Education University of Hong Kong (EdUHK)
03 Jan 2023
The Education University of Hong Kong (EdUHK) has won three gold medals and two silver at the 2022 International Innovation and Invention Competition. The winning innovations cover different application areas, such as emotion recognition, EdTech for music and sport, and intelligent public health education.
MAP Academy
01 Jan 2023
Rock-cut sculpture has independently arisen in various parts of the world, from subterranean structures in Malta in the Neolithic Period to tombs in ancient Egypt and the Phrygian kingdom in present-day Turkey. Read on to learn about India's earliest surviving examples of rock-cut sculpture.
Asia Research News
30 Dec 2022
Asia Research News monitors the latest research news in Asia. Some highlights that caught our attention this week are a team trying to decipher dolphins’ secret language, why babies move so much in the womb, and a small enzyme that can control our sleep.
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST)
29 Dec 2022
- DGIST Professor Park Chi-Young's team developed photothermal porous polymer capable of ultra-fast adsorption and removal of phenolic microplastics and VOC contaminants in water - Showing the potential as a next-generation water purification material made of inexpensive raw materials, and ultra-high removal efficiency through solar-based purification process - Selected as the cover paper for the 50th edition of ‘Advanced Materials,’ the most prestigious academic journal in the field of materials in 2022
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST)
29 Dec 2022
- DGIST Professor Hwang Jae-yoon's team proposed a deep learning network and learning framework that allow the free composition of ultrasonic beam shape in real time - Published in the cover of the December edition of the international academic journal ‘IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control’ - Expected to lead to the development of patient-specific precision stimulation technology in the field of ultrasound brain stimulation and treatment for Alzheimer's disease, depression, and pain
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST)
29 Dec 2022
- DGIST Department of Energy Science and Engineering Professor Lee Jong-won's team developed oxide-based solid electrolyte technology with enhanced atmospheric stability - Anticipating the development of high-performance/high-safety all-solid-state batteries... Published in ‘Energy Storage Materials’
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST)
29 Dec 2022
- A joint research team led by DGIST Professor Kang Hong-gi and KIST Dr. Chung Seung-jun develops high-speed powerless photothermal effect temperature sensor technology using a transparent polymer thermoelectric material printing process - Opens up the possibility of direct high-resolution measurement of nano-photothermal phenomenon without interference of light, proposed for brain stimulation, cancer treatment, and ultra-fast PCR, etc.... Published online in ‘Materials Horizons’ in October
An illustration of the facial expression changes in mice following stimulation and inhibition of the median raphe nucleus (Yu Ohmura).
Hokkaido University
28 Dec 2022
New insights into the opposing actions of serotonin-producing nerve fibres in mice could lead to drugs for treating addictions and major depression.
Tohoku University
28 Dec 2022
Taking Hong Kong’s famous Peak Tram up to Victoria Peak offers stunning views of its central business district, Victoria Harbor, and the surrounding islands. But a team of international scientists has recently discovered that the trams winding journey provides a previously unrecognized situation where our vertical perception gets distorted.
Ehime University
27 Dec 2022
tRNA-MaP can rapidly analyze the specificity of tRNA m1A22 methyltransferase (TrmK) for substrate tRNAs.
SEA Junction
27 Dec 2022
Translation and interpretation are commonly perceived in the linguistic sense, changing one language into another language. They however can refer to much beyond as the processes of converting something into a different form. What does it mean by translation, in what senses, and to what extent is there a loss in translation?
Asia Research News
23 Dec 2022
Asia Research News monitors the latest research news in Asia. Some highlights that caught our attention this week are how a wasp uses its genitals to defend itself, a compound commonly found in mushrooms that could delay cognitive decline, and sunshine as a cure for myopia.
The LEI collaborates with Sham Shui Po District Office of Home Affairs Department and Sham Shui Po Residents Association Limited to arrange volunteers to distribute 1,000 free air purifiers. (From left) Prof Paulina Wong Pui-yun, Assistant Professor of Science Unit of LU; Prof Albert Ko Wing-yin, Director of LEI of LU; Paul Wong Yan-yin, Sham Shui Po District Officer of the Home Affairs Department; Samuel Chan Wai-ming, Director of Sham Shui Po Residents Association Limited.
Lingnan University (LU)
23 Dec 2022
The living environment of subdivided flats in Hong Kong has aroused extensive public concerns. A lot of community groups and research teams are committed to providing support for improvement. The Lingnan Entrepreneurship Initiative (LEI) of Lingnan University in Hong Kong strives for driving the development of humanitarian technology for the betterment of humankind. Under its pilot project, a low-cost mini air purifier is developed to fit in sub-divided flats. The LEI collaborated with Sham Shui Po District Office of Home Affairs Department and Sham Shui Po Residents Association Limited today (23 December 2022) to arrange volunteers to distribute 1,000 free air purifiers, spreading care to families living in sub-divided units before the Christmas.
Mechanism by which CREB-Regulated Transcription Coactivator 1 (CRTC1) suppresses overeating
Osaka Metropolitan University
23 Dec 2022
Scientists reveal genetic mechanism associated with high-calorie food-fueled obesity
Hiroshima University Hospital orthopedist Yuko Nakashima speaks about ultrasound-guided diagnosis
Hiroshima University
23 Dec 2022
The ability to see what’s happening inside the body in real-time and at a high resolution is a capability that ultrasound grants orthopedists at a low cost to patients. Ultrasound-guided diagnosis, however, remains relatively new in the field. Dr. Yuko Nakashima is here to change that for Japan with the help of her fellow “e-girls.”
Osaka Metropolitan University
22 Dec 2022
Osaka Metropolitan University scientists discovered the principle of light-induced acceleration of antigen–antibody reaction, allowing for simple, ultrafast, and highly sensitive detection of proteins. The researchers introduced target proteins and probe particles with modified antibodies selectively binding to the target proteins into a small channel and applied irradiation with infrared laser light. They achieved, for the first time, the rapid measurement of trace amounts of attogram-level target proteins after only 3 minutes of laser irradiation. These findings will potentially contribute to breakthroughs in the development of systems for ultra-early diagnosis of various diseases.
City University of Hong Kong (CityU)
22 Dec 2022
A research team co-led by a scientist at City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has developed a novel antenna that allows manipulation of the direction, frequency and amplitude of the radiated beam, and is expected to play an important role in the integration of sensing and communications (ISAC) for 6th-generation (6G) wireless communications.
City University of Hong Kong (CityU)
22 Dec 2022
Clean hydrogen energy is a good alternative to fossil fuels and is critical for achieving carbon neutrality. Researchers around the world are looking for ways to enhance the efficiency and lower the cost of hydrogen production, particularly by improving the catalysts involved. Recently, a research team from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) developed a new, ultra-stable hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalyst, which is based on two-dimensional mineral gel nanosheets and does not contain any precious metals. The catalyst can be produced in large scale and can help achieve a lower hydrogen price in the future.
City University of Hong Kong (CityU)
22 Dec 2022
Wearing face masks has been recognised as one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of COVID-19, even in its coming endemic phase. Apart from the conventional function of masks, the potential for smart masks to monitor human physiological signals is being increasingly explored. A research team led by the City University of Hong Kong (CityU) recently invented a smart mask, integrating an ultrathin nanocomposite sponge structure-based soundwave sensor, which is capable of detecting respiratory sounds of breathing, coughing and speaking.
Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo (UTokyo-IIS)
21 Dec 2022
Researchers at The University of Tokyo develop a simple but effective method of bonding polymers with galvanized steel, a material ubiquitous in the automobile industry, to cheaply and easily create a lightweight and durable product.
The sphaerimicin analogs (SPMs) inhibit the activity of MraY, and hence the replication of bacteria, with different degrees of effectiveness. The potency of the analog increases as the IC50 decreases (Takeshi Nakaya, et al. Nature Communications. December 20, 2022).
Hokkaido University
20 Dec 2022
Researchers have designed and synthesized analogs of a new antibiotic that is effective against multidrug-resistant bacteria, opening a new front in the fight against these infections.
Osaka University
19 Dec 2022
Researchers from Osaka University found that the “belief in just deserts”, which is the idea that infected individual deserves to be infected, was associated with attitudes about government restrictions during public health emergencies in the context of the COVID-19 global pandemic. This information could lead to new strategies for combating discrimination, prejudice, and stigma against COVID-19 patients.
Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU)
19 Dec 2022
A research team led by Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has identified a molecular target for bone anabolic therapies using a selected aptamer that serves as an inhibitor of sclerostin, a protein that prevents bone growth. The discovery offers hope for the development of an effective next-generation treatment for osteoporosis and osteogenesis imperfecta that is free of cardiovascular risk compared to the marketed antibody drug.
Osaka Metropolitan University
19 Dec 2022
An Osaka Metropolitan University scientist measured the light transmittance of the eyelids when the eyes are closed, and found that perceived closed-eye brightness is significantly stronger than previously reported. The influence of color was also observed, with red light perceived as brighter and blue light perceived as darker. Additionally, there were significant differences between experimental participants; for some, their perception of brightness barely differed between open- and closed-eye conditions.