Brightening the World of Light, Enriching the Beauty of Colors! Development of Ultra-High-Efficiency Pure Red Light-Emitting Devices with Enhanced Color Representation!

- A joint research team from DGIST-UNIST has developed ultra-high-efficiency pure red light-emitting devices by modifying the surface of perovskite light-emitting layers to enhance stability and electrical properties. - The findings have been published in the journal “Materials Today.”

□ DGIST (President Kunwoo Lee) Professor Jiwoong Yang's team in the Energy Science and Engineering Department has successfully manufactured high-performance, skin-attachable perovskite pure red light-emitting devices to create various forms of wearable displays. The research team worked collaboratively with UNIST (President Yonghoon Lee) Professor Moon Kee Choi’s team in the Materials Science and Engineering Department to develop these devices through selective surface modification of perovskite quantum dots, expecting their future use in diverse wearable products.


□ With the growth of wearable, mobile, and IoT technologies, the demand for wearable displays has increased. Perovskite emitters, commonly used in solar cells and light-emitting devices, are gaining attention as next-generation optoelectronic materials owing to their cost-effectiveness and efficient photovoltaic and light-emission properties and propelling research in wearable displays.


□ Traditional red perovskite materials were unsuitable for high-performance wearable displays owing to their low stability and electrical properties. To address this, the DGIST-UNIST research team successfully created pure red light-emitting devices through the simple surface modification[1] of the perovskite light-emitting layers, thus significantly improving their stability and electrical properties.


□ In previous perovskite fabrication processes, surface modification was performed using iodine (I), a halogen element.[2] However, the research team replaced iodine with bromine (Br), a halogen element with higher electronegativity,[3] and increased the size of the perovskites beyond the original dimensions. This resulted in an improved surface-to-volume ratio with the same “band gap energy,”[4] leading to the development of pure red light-emitting devices with exceptional stability and electrical properties.


□ Professor Jiwoong Yang from DGIST stated, “By selectively modifying the surface of perovskite quantum dots, we improved their stability and electrical properties, ultimately achieving an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of up to 19.8%. This research brings us closer to the commercialization of pure red perovskite displays.” Moreover, Professor Moon Kee Choi from UNIST commented, “The newly developed light-emitting devices are expected to be widely applied not only in perovskite LED-based displays but also in VR, AR, and smart wearable device development.”


□ This research was conducted with the support of the Ministry of Science and ICT, the National Research Foundation of Korea, and the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, and the results were published online in April in the prestigious journal "Materials Today."

- Ccorresponding Author E-mail Address : [email protected]

[1] Surface Modification: The process of bestowing physical, chemical, and biological properties not originally present on the surface of a material. This includes altering the surface's roughness, hydrophilicity, charge, and reactivity.

[2] Halogen Elements: These comprise the elements in Group 17 of the periodic table, including fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), astatine (At), and tennessine (Ts).

[3] Electronegativity: The measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons during covalent bonding.

[4] Band Gap Energy: The energy difference that occurs when electrons move within a solid material, which determines the material’s electrical and optical properties.

Published: 22 Apr 2024

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