Fontainebleau (France), Singapore, Abu Dhabi, San Francisco, 28 April 2023 — Despite its popularity, ChatGPT has been criticised for generating unreliable and biased search results. A recent media report, for example, concluded that “ChatGPT Is Pretty Bad At Poetry, According To Poets”. Yet that doesn’t mean that the literary ability of all AI should be discounted, applications created by INSEAD’s AI lab using exacting rules can potentially be more useful and reliable than ChatGPT.
One of those applications is TotoPoetry, a poetry generator trained on a rule-oriented approach to AI. Philip M. Parker, INSEAD Chaired Professor of Management Science and founder of the INSEAD AI lab called TotoGEO, claims that the lab’s algorithms are the first to achieve three milestones (1) the world’s longest poem, (2) the first unabridged dictionary consisting of definitions written in verse across some 20 genres of poetry, and (3) the largest collection of poetry written by the same source.
Parker gives an example of how the rules-based algorithms of TotoPoetry is superior to the deep-learning ones of ChatGPT, which he says are open to guesswork. Here are the results when the two AI applications are prompted to write a didactic limerick about love:
Poem #1: ChatGPT
There once was a love so fine
It shone like a bright sunbeam
It brought joy to every day
And made everything gleam
It was a love that was meant to be, not a scheme
Poem #2: TotoGEO
There was a young girl from the Dove,
And she wanted a word for love.
Like flesh injection?
No, it’s affection!
That literate gal from The Dove.
Poem #2 is the better limerick, says Parker, because it is a limerick and defines love as affection. The ChatGPT-generated poem, in contrast, does not conform with the strict rhyme scheme of limericks. It also does not inform the reader that it does not know how to write limericks. As a result a young reader might infer that Poem #1 is a limerick, and forever be misinformed.
This INSEAD Knowledge article by Parker gives a more in-depth analysis of the various AI methodologies underpinning ChatGPT and other applications.
Following TotoPoetry, the INSEAD TotoGEO AI lab will launch even more groundbreaking AI applications in the coming months, including a powerful search engine, a newspaper generator, and a Wikipedia-like website.
Watch the video " Demystifying AI - in 14 minutes!" to learn more.
About the INSEAD TotoGEO AI Lab
The INSEAD AI Lab was founded on the Fontainebleau campus in 2000. The lab’s overarching project is called TotoGEO: toto meaning everything in Latin and GEO, an acronym for global education and outreach.
TotoGEO was originally started to create personalised materials for use in executive education, but its projects now span virtually all subject domains, including education, science, agriculture, finance and marketing. It has since created research studies, poetry, crossword books, 3D games, short videos and mobile applications. More recently the lab is generating local newspapers (across “news deserts”), developing first drafts of encyclopedic articles, and fully operational search engines for underserved industries, languages or geographies.
Now based out of INSEAD’s Singapore campus, the lab comprises 18 engineers and two editors, and has partnerships with non-profits and private sector investors across three continents. These have included the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Grameem Foundation, Farmer Voice Radio, and various universities and companies involved in content distribution.
Watch the video "TotoGEO: The Content Divide" to learn more.