Japan

News

30 Mar 2007
As a part of the 150th Anniversary project, Keio University opens the Graduate School of Media Design and the Graduate School of System Design and Management in 2008. Both of the new graduate schools plan to nurture people who are capable of leading all areas of the digital media as well as designing and managing large-scale and complex projects.
23 Mar 2007
Scientists at Keio University report a first-of-a-kind quantitative picture of molecular components of the common intestinal bacterium E. coli. The group studied this unicellular organism at an unprecedented depth to reveal the remarkable overall robustness of its metabolic network to gene deletion and changes in growth conditions.
19 Mar 2007
Keio University’s Center for Research Promotion held a symposium entitled “Toward Rapid Medical Applications of Basic Research in the Life Sciences, the panel discussion focused on what should be done by the government, academia, and industry to make translational research an entrenched part of the nation.
28 Feb 2007
A research group headed by Takashi Tsuji of the Tissue Engineering Research Center has developed a new cell manipulation technology whereby organ germs are artificially recombined from single cells. This technology has the potential for application to artificial "tooth regeneration" and "hair regeneration".
21 Feb 2007
The winter 2007 issue of AEP is now available at MIT Press Journals. AEP comprises selected articles and summaries of discussions from the meetings of the Asian Economic Panel.
12 Feb 2007
The Nano Science Technology Research Center was selected as an Open Research Center Project of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science, and Technology in 2002. Since then, it has been engaged in pioneering nanoscience and technology projects.
26 Jan 2007
University research activities have always been an important factor in societal progress. Thus, it is important for universities to communicate their research to the public. Keio’s Annual Report on Research Activities provides the community with information regarding our strategies and direction, as well as our current research activities.
22 Jan 2007
The December issue of Keio Journal of Medicine is now available online.
28 Dec 2006
Tokyo University of Science has once again been awarded the the long-term credit rating of "AA- / Outlook Stable" for 2006 by the US rating company Standard & Poor's (S&P).
15 Dec 2006
The Tokyo University of Science signed an Academic Cooperation Agreement with the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences to proceed research collaboration in various fields.
14 Dec 2006
Tokyo University of Science concluded an Academic Cooperation Agreement with the University of California, Davis in the USA. A Study Abroad Program will be implemented under the Agreement.
30 Nov 2006
Professor Yoshikazu Honma of Tokyo University of Science and the research group has succeeded in synthesizing high-quality monolayer carbon nanotubes using, as catalysts, various metals previously considered incapable of generating carbon nanotubes (such as gold, silver and copper) for the first time in the world.
20 Nov 2006
Members of the Tokyo University of Science teaching staff were among the recipients of the recent "Tetrahedron: Asymmetry Most Cited Paper (2003-2006) Awards".
20 Nov 2006
Professor Kenso Soai is the first Japanese national to be elected as an Honorary Member of Italy's Modena National Academy of Science, Letters and Arts. He specializes in research on asymmetrical autocatalytic reaction in the field of organic chemistry.
02 Nov 2006
The hepatitis C virus infection is estimated to affect 170 million people around the world. The researchers aim was to analyse if the new induction therapy with twice-daily IFN-ß is better than once a day CIFN therapy for a period of 6-months for chronic hepatitis C.
02 Nov 2006
The project aims to develop innovative alternative technologies that utilize pollution-free solar light energy as the most abundant, efficient and environmentally-harmonious energy resource. The TOSLEC-1, hosted jointly by Tokyo University of Science (TUS) and Nissan Science Foundation, was held at Tokyo University of Science.
01 Nov 2006
Tokyo University of Science (Chairperson, Board of Governors - Takeyo Tsukamoto) was awarded an AA- rating by the reputed American credit ratings company 'Standard and Poors'. AA- is fourth from top in long-term credit rating rankings. The outlook on this rating is stable.
01 Nov 2006
The Tokyo University of Science entered into Agreement of Cooperation with the University of California, Santa Cruz, USA, on September 1, 2006.
01 Nov 2006
The discussion focused on math and science teachers for primary and secondary education. The U.S. is facing problems due to the declining quality of teachers. This visit was to help find measures to improve the situation by discussing with professors who educate math and science teachers in the Japanese education system.
31 Oct 2006
A research group headed by Takashi Tsuji of the Tokyo University of Science's Tissue Engineering Research Center identified mechanisms behind outbreaks of adult T-cell leukemia.
31 Oct 2006
The research team from a joint research program of Tokyo University of Science (TUS)and the Japan Science and Technology Agency have succeeded in producing hydrogen from water through the use of gallium nitride (GaN) crystals for the first time.
16 Oct 2006
This study found that group-owned newspapers aim to maximize profit by cutting the number of reporters, reducing the amount of non-advertising space in the newspaper, and cutting advertising space.
10 Oct 2006
This paper analyses the role of journalism in Japan and uses a high profile group bullying murder case as a case study to illustrate the state of journalism in Japan
10 Oct 2006
According to 2004 statistics, local films in Japan took in an estimated 35 % of the total revenue. By contrast the same year, Canadian feature films earned 4.3 % in Canada. This figure shows the big difference between Canada and Japan.
01 Oct 2006
The September issue of this international journal from Keio University is now available online.
17 Aug 2006
The main theme of the symposium was “Designing the Future through Sports”, and the sessions focused on issues such as how sports contribute to our society and healthy living, and how we should engage in sporting activities.
14 Aug 2006
Researchers used this method to investigate in vivo the fate of various adult stem cells transplanted into the mouse ischemic brain. Results indicate that adult stem cells could be used as vehicles to introduce therapeutic genes into the central nervous system in an attempt to support brain recovery.
30 Jul 2006
Over the last 10 years, the most prominent developments in clinical medicine were the introduction of gene therapy and minimally invasive surgery. Basic scientific progress was so rapid that practical activities, teaching young fellows, clinical training of residents were left behind.
21 Jul 2006
Stenting is the reinforcement of an artery to prevent it from closing following surgery. The study finds that the use of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) would be a cost-saving option as compared with bare metal stent (BMS) implantation within the context of the Japanese healthcare system.
13 Jul 2006
Adherence to antipsychotic treatment is an important aspect of long term management of schizophrenia and other related psychotic disorders. This study compared patients self-reports and clinician judgment of adherence behavior and explored their relationship with attitudes toward taking medication.

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Giants in history

Ruby Sakae Hirose (1904 – 1960) was a Japanese-American scientist whose research contributed significantly to our understanding of blood clotting, allergies and cancer.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Baron Kitasato Shibasaburo (29 January 1856 – 13 June 1931) was a Japanese physician and bacteriologist whose work led to a new understanding of preventing and treating tetanus, diphtheria and anthrax.
By isolating soil microorganisms and studying the compounds they produce, Satoshi Omura (born 1935) discovered almost 500 organic compounds with unique properties that were produced by these microorganisms, including many new antibiotics.
In 1915, pathologist Katsusaburo Yamagiwa and his research assistant Koichi Ichikawa became the first to prove that chronic exposure to chemicals can cause cancer.
In 1915, Koichi Ichikawa along with pathologist Katsusaburo Yamagiwa became the first to prove that chronic exposure to chemicals can cause cancer.
Reiji Okazaki (8 October 1930 – 1 August 1975) and Tsuneko (7 June 1933) were a Japanese couple who discovered Okazaki fragments – short sequences of DNA that are synthesized during DNA replication and linked together to form a continuous strand.
Tsuneko (7 June 1933) and Reiji Okazaki (8 October 1930 – 1 August 1975) were a Japanese couple who discovered Okazaki fragments – short sequences of DNA that are synthesized during DNA replication and linked together to form a continuous strand.
Husband and wife team, Kimishige (3 December 1925 – 6 July 2018) and Teruko Ishizaka (28 September 1926 – 4 June 2019) discovered the antibody class Immunoglobulin E (IgE) that triggers allergic reactions. They also discovered that IgE antibodies attach to white blood cells, known as mast cells, releasing histamine, which causes allergic reactions.
Husband and wife team, Kimishige (3 December 1925 – 6 July 2018) and Teruko Ishizaka (28 September 1926 – 4 June 2019) discovered the antibody class Immunoglobulin E (IgE) that triggers allergic reactions. They also discovered that IgE antibodies attach to white blood cells, known as mast cells, releasing histamine, which causes allergic reactions.
Japanese chemist Takamine Jokichi (3 November 1854 – 22 July 1922) founded the Tokyo Artificial Fertilizer Company, where he isolated a starch-digesting enzyme (named takadiastase) from the fungus Aspergillus oryzae.
Hideki Yukawa (23 January 1907 – 8 September 1981) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1949 for predicting the existence of the pi meson subatomic particle. Japan’s first Nobel laureate, Yakawa also expressed his support for nuclear disarmament by signing the Russell–Einstein Manifesto in 1955.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Minoru Shirota (April 23, 1899 – March 10, 1982) was a Japanese microbiologist who invented the popular fermented drink Yakult.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The techniques that make industrial pearl culturing possible were developed over a century ago at the Misaki Marine Biological Station in Japan. The station’s first director, Professor Kakichi Mitsukuri, emphasized to Kokichi Mikimoto in 1890 that stimulating pearl sac formation was important for pearl growth, and they went on to successfully develop methods for culturing pearls.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Kikunae Ikeda (8 October 1864 – 3 May 1936) was a Japanese chemist who discovered the fifth basic taste, umami.
Umetaro Suzuki (7 April 1874 – 20 September 1943) was a Japanese scientist best remembered for his research on beriberi, a disease caused by vitamin B1 deficiency, characterized by limb stiffness, paralysis and pain.
Kono Yasui (16 February 1880 – 24 March 1971) was a Japanese botanist who researched the genetics of poppies, corn and spiderworts and surveyed the plants that had been affected by the nuclear fallout after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Michiyo Tsujimura (17 September 1888 – 1 June 1969) was a Japanese agricultural scientist and biochemist recognized for her research of green tea components.
A Japanese surgeon, Tetsuzo Akutsu (20 August 1922 – 9 August 2007) built the first artificial heart capable of keeping an animal alive.
Ogino Ginko (3 March 1851 – 23 June 1913) was the first registered female doctor to practise modern medicine in Japan.
Japanese geochemist Katsuko Saruhashi developed the first method and tools for measuring carbon dioxide in seawater