Japan

News

17 Apr 2024
Electron spin states can now be probed at much higher resolution and more efficiently, opening new opportunities in materials analysis and data processing technologies.
17 Apr 2024
Researchers from Osaka University used structured light and switchable fluorescent molecules to reduce the background light from the out-of-plane regions of microscope samples. This method allowed for the acquisition of images that surpassed the conventional resolution limit, and it may be useful for further study of cell clusters and other biological systems.
Effect of plasma irradiation on broken bone
16 Apr 2024
Aiming to reduce fracture recovery times, an Osaka Metropolitan University-led research group is focusing on plasma irradiation as a treatment method
To pass or not to pass?
16 Apr 2024
Skilled players show stronger inhibition processes when electing not to pass the ball
15 Apr 2024
Researchers from Osaka University found that a new activator called L687 induces cancer cells to accept delivery of antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) drugs. These drugs can treat cancer by blocking the transfer of messages from genes that encourage cancer growth. Previous methods to deliver ASOs into cells had only limited success. This research will help accelerate the development and delivery of novel ASO cancer therapies.
12 Apr 2024
Researchers from Osaka University and collaborating partners have synthesized triarylborane (TAB) compounds that exhibit unusual optical responses upon binding to certain anions. They also synthesized thin polymer films that incorporate the TAB and retain the sensing as well as the light emission properties of the TAB. This work is an important advance in plastic research and has applications in analyte sensing as well as electronic display technologies.
Dotson Ice Shelf, Amundsen Sea, Antarctica (Photo: Taewook Park)
11 Apr 2024
Meandering ocean currents play an important role in the melting of Antarctic ice shelves, threatening a significant rise in sea levels.
11 Apr 2024
Researchers have identified 14 genes that thale cress express more when responding to five specific stressors, as well as eight genes that the plant suppresses.
11 Apr 2024
Researchers from the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, find that providing lab-grown ‘cerebral organoids’ with connections similar to those in real brains enhances their development and activity
Synthesized material for all-solid-state sodium batteries
10 Apr 2024
Process that can lead to mass synthesis yields solid sulfide electrolyte with world’s highest reported sodium ion conductivity and glass electrolyte
10 Apr 2024
Researchers from Osaka University found that tetracycline antibiotics stimulate T lymphocytes in the body’s immune system to attack and destroy cancer cells. The antibiotics work by blocking the action of galactin-1, a protein made by cancer cells that suppresses the immune system. Identification of this new target may lead to the development of novel cancer immunotherapies.
Illustration of the body plan of a toothed whale, with a cross section of the head showing the melon (dark yellow) and the extramandibular fat bodies (light yellow) which are key organs for using sound such as echolocation. (Hayate Takeuchi, Takashi Fritz Matsuishi, Takashi Hayakawa. Gene. January 20, 2024)
08 Apr 2024
Genetic analysis finds evidence suggesting that acoustic fat bodies in the heads of toothed whales were once the muscles and bone marrow of the jaw.
08 Apr 2024
Researchers from Japan’s Osaka University and Switzerland’s University of Lausanne explored the ethical considerations and current status of cancer multigene panel testing access in their countries. Despite cultural and healthcare differences, they found common national barriers: limited test availability, insufficient patient information, and variable insurance coverage. The study underscores the need for more equitable genetic medicine, suggesting improvements in test access, patient education, and insurance policies.
04 Apr 2024
Researchers from Osaka University and Imperial College London have used operando optical spectroscopy in conjunction with other spectroscopic techniques to follow the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for an iridium oxide catalyst. Using complementary techniques to probe the catalytic process at different pH values allowed them to observe the effect of the extended environment around the intermediate species involved. The findings are expected to contribute to optimizing the OER for green hydrogen production.
03 Apr 2024
New survey from Springer Nature shows that amongst researchers in Japan, approximately a third of the respondents are unsure how to share their research beyond academic publications and presentations, indicating the need for further support for their research to reach and have influence on the wider community
Katrin Bolovtsova via Pexels
03 Apr 2024
Insights into ethical and legal ramifications of growing brain organoids from human fetal brain tissue
Marking bacteria electrochemically for rapid detection
03 Apr 2024
Disease-causing E. coli among species labeled electrochemically using organic metallic nanohybrids
03 Apr 2024
Researchers from the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo and collaborating partners have created guidelines for the design of intercalated materials, which will accelerate research on energy storage, electronics, and more
01 Apr 2024
Researchers from Osaka University found that exposure to environmental carcinogens and psychological distress significantly decreases happy life expectancy, a measure of the lifespan during which an individual experiences subjective emotional wellbeing. These findings suggest that developing public health policies to reduce exposure to these chemicals could help people live longer, happier lives.
The four types of herbal tea investigated in this study for their bioactive lipids. (Photo provided by Siddabasave Gowda)
29 Mar 2024
The lipids in some herbal teas have been identified in detail for the first time, preparing the ground for investigating their contribution to the health benefits of the teas.
28 Mar 2024
Tohoku University researchers have created a reliable means of predicting the performance of a new and promising type of catalysts. Their breakthrough will speed up the development of efficient catalysts for both alkaline and acidic environments, thereby saving time and effort in future endeavors to create better fuel cells.
Tomoki Kajikawa, co-author of the study, installing the PM2.5 measurement system at the site in Qaanaaq (Photo provided by Tomoki Kajikawa)
28 Mar 2024
A case study on the effects of open waste burning on air quality in Northwestern Greenland calls attention to the importance of no-one-left-behind sustainable air quality monitoring in the Arctic region.
27 Mar 2024
Researchers from Monash University and Osaka University have unveiled a groundbreaking discovery regarding the pivotal role of sensory neurons in orchestrating tissue repair and regeneration, offering significant promise for patients with poorly healing tissues and diabetes.
Scanning electron micrographs of melanosomes
26 Mar 2024
Numerical basis found for picosecond laser endpoints in effective clinical treatments with fewer complications
Uncontrollable proliferation of TNBC cells via the excessive degradation of p27 by AIbZIP
25 Mar 2024
May prove to be therapeutic target in breast cancer treatment
25 Mar 2024
Researchers from Osaka University used machine learning to identify subgroups of trauma patients who are more likely to survive their injuries if treated with tranexamic acid. This treatment controls bleeding and thereby prevents death from hemorrhage. The team also identified subgroups of trauma patients who do not benefit from tranexamic acid. These findings should help guide treatment decisions after traumatic injury and provide trauma patients with more personalized care.
25 Mar 2024
A marine biologist is inching closer to conquering science’s over 120-year pursuit to farm lobsters by letting these “dragons of the sea” get real weird.
22 Mar 2024
The means to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen gas has been around since the early 20th century. Despite its current widespread usage, it has significant environmental drawbacks. Now, researchers from Tohoku University have unveiled a new, environmentally friendly means of producing this widely used chemical.
A transparent film made from the new recyclable polymer developed in this study
21 Mar 2024
Cellulose, abundantly available from plant biomass, can be converted into molecules used to make a new class of recyclable polymers, to sustainably replace some plastics.
19 Mar 2024
Researchers from Osaka University conducted a series of participatory deliberation workshops at Osaka University in which the participants were asked to consider issues of future society and manufacturing, in general, and as they relate to hydrothermally produced porous glass. In workshops where the perspective of “imaginary future generations” was adopted, participants’ perceptions of the technology’s feasibility and future potentiality changed significantly.

Events

25 Oct 2011
This conference provides an international forum on VLSI circuit, device and process design. It will take place in the Xiamen, China from 25th to 28th October 2011.
03 Nov 2011
This congress showcases the latest progress in Nanomedicinal R&D. It will take place in Shenzhen, China from 3rd – 5th November.
15 Mar 2012
The International Conference on Devices, Circuits and Systems aims to provide a common forum for academic and experts on Electronics devices, circuits and system. It will be held in Karunya University, India on 15th – 16th March 2012. The deadline for abstract submission will be on 31st October, 2011.
20 Mar 2012
The 25th International Conference on Microelectronic Test Structures brings together designers and users of test structures to discuss recent developments and future directions. It will be held at the Catamaran Hotel in San Diego, California, USA, on 20th March, 2012. The deadline for abstracts submission is 16th September 2011
17 Oct 2011
The goal of this conference is to create a forum for researchers, academicians, engineers and industry players from various fields of photonics with different experiences and backgrounds. It will take place at Le Meridien Hotel, Malaysia, from 17th to 19th October 2011
08 Nov 2011
The 15th International Conference on Thin Films (ICTF-15)focus on thin films and coatings. It will be held at Kyoto TERRSA in Kyoto, Japan on 8th to 11th November 2011
07 Dec 2011
The biennial International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium focuses on exploratory research in electronic and photonic materials and devices. It will be held at the University of Maryland, USA on 7th December to the 10th December. The deadline to submit abstracts will be 29th August, 2011
14 Oct 2012
The International Workshop on Nitride Semiconductors (IWN2012) focuses on issues related to nitride materials and devices. It will be held in Sapporo, Japan on the 14th October 2012
28 Sep 2011
The 60th Symposium on Macromolecures is an annual event on the latest developments in polymer science. It also provides researcher and engineers in relevant fields a venue for discussions. It will takes place from 28th to 30th September.
21 Apr 2012
The Tenth Annual Workshop on Microelectronics and Electron Devices will provide a forum for all aspects of microelectronics. It will be held at the Boise State University, USA on 21st April 2012. The deadline for manuscript submission is 27th January, 2012.
29 Sep 2011
This conference aims to disseminate results on the NEDO project “Research and Development of Nanoparticle Characterization Methods - Evaluating Risks associated with Manufactured Nanomaterials”, and provide a forum for discussions on these results.
29 Nov 2011
The Nanomaterials Conference 2011 will be held in Xcaret, Mexico, on 29th November to 3rd December. The poster abstract deadline for this conference will be the 28th September
25 Oct 2011
The NT4D Conference is committed to providing a fertile and stimulating forum for discussion on recent nanotechnology innovations which maximize the impact to defense and dual-use technologies. It will take place at Hyatt Regency Bellevue, WA, USA, from 25th to 28th October.
24 May 2012
The 13th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (OPTIM) is an International conference on the latest technology of electricity and electronic system. It will be held in Brasov, Romania on 24th May 2012.
11 Sep 2011
The 6th International Conference on Fracture of Polymers, Composites and Adhesives invites papers on polymers, composites and adhesives.
28 Apr 2012
The Expo is the nation’s largest celebration of all things science & engineering since 2010. It will be held in Washington DC, USA on 28th April 2012
10 Jul 2012
The UGIM Symposium brings together educators and researchers on the field of micro/nanotechnology laboratory development and management. It will be held at the University of California, USA on 10th July 2012.
30 Nov 2011
The Asian BioCeramics Symposium is held annually to encourage interest in bioceramics and related fields. It will be held in Tsukuba, Japan on the 30th November to 2nd December.
05 Dec 2011
An exhibition for latest products, technology, services, peripheral devices and information that contribute to global environmental conservation
04 Oct 2011
CEATEC JAPAN is the Cutting-edge IT & Electronics Comprehensive Exhibition that attracts around 200,000 attendees.
17 Oct 2011
A unique environment for understanding, developing, and sharing reliability technology and test methodology for present and future semiconductor
06 Nov 2011
This symposium explores a variety of topics, include Microrobotics, Micromechatronics, Nanotechnology and more
28 Nov 2011
The PVSEC-21 will cover the entire field related with PVs from materials to systems as well as its deployment
03 Oct 2011
This conference aims to present new concepts, techniques and applications of atomically controlled processes at surfaces, interfaces and nanostructures.
07 Nov 2011
The ICAE 2011 is intended to provide an open forum to all participants with an opportunity to present the latest important findings in research activities in the field of electrical and electronic materials.
08 Sep 2011
The RIKEN Omics Science Center (OSC) in Yokohama, Japan, will hold a joint international training course entitled 'The Bioinformatics Roadshow' in collaboration with the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) on 8–9 September 2011.
23 Sep 2012
The conference will be held on 23rd September 2012 to 28th September 2012 at Nara New Public Hall, Nara Japan
19 Feb 2012
The conference will be held on 19th February 2012 to 23rd February 2012 at San Francisco Marriott Marquis Hotel, San Francisco, CA, USA
28 Dec 2011
The conference will be held on 28th December to 30th December at Dubai, UAE

Researchers

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Giants in history

Ruby Sakae Hirose (1904 – 1960) was a Japanese-American scientist whose research contributed significantly to our understanding of blood clotting, allergies and cancer.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Baron Kitasato Shibasaburo (29 January 1856 – 13 June 1931) was a Japanese physician and bacteriologist whose work led to a new understanding of preventing and treating tetanus, diphtheria and anthrax.
By isolating soil microorganisms and studying the compounds they produce, Satoshi Omura (born 1935) discovered almost 500 organic compounds with unique properties that were produced by these microorganisms, including many new antibiotics.
In 1915, pathologist Katsusaburo Yamagiwa and his research assistant Koichi Ichikawa became the first to prove that chronic exposure to chemicals can cause cancer.
In 1915, Koichi Ichikawa along with pathologist Katsusaburo Yamagiwa became the first to prove that chronic exposure to chemicals can cause cancer.
Reiji Okazaki (8 October 1930 – 1 August 1975) and Tsuneko (7 June 1933) were a Japanese couple who discovered Okazaki fragments – short sequences of DNA that are synthesized during DNA replication and linked together to form a continuous strand.
Tsuneko (7 June 1933) and Reiji Okazaki (8 October 1930 – 1 August 1975) were a Japanese couple who discovered Okazaki fragments – short sequences of DNA that are synthesized during DNA replication and linked together to form a continuous strand.
Husband and wife team, Kimishige (3 December 1925 – 6 July 2018) and Teruko Ishizaka (28 September 1926 – 4 June 2019) discovered the antibody class Immunoglobulin E (IgE) that triggers allergic reactions. They also discovered that IgE antibodies attach to white blood cells, known as mast cells, releasing histamine, which causes allergic reactions.
Husband and wife team, Kimishige (3 December 1925 – 6 July 2018) and Teruko Ishizaka (28 September 1926 – 4 June 2019) discovered the antibody class Immunoglobulin E (IgE) that triggers allergic reactions. They also discovered that IgE antibodies attach to white blood cells, known as mast cells, releasing histamine, which causes allergic reactions.
Japanese chemist Takamine Jokichi (3 November 1854 – 22 July 1922) founded the Tokyo Artificial Fertilizer Company, where he isolated a starch-digesting enzyme (named takadiastase) from the fungus Aspergillus oryzae.
Hideki Yukawa (23 January 1907 – 8 September 1981) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1949 for predicting the existence of the pi meson subatomic particle. Japan’s first Nobel laureate, Yakawa also expressed his support for nuclear disarmament by signing the Russell–Einstein Manifesto in 1955.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Minoru Shirota (April 23, 1899 – March 10, 1982) was a Japanese microbiologist who invented the popular fermented drink Yakult.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The techniques that make industrial pearl culturing possible were developed over a century ago at the Misaki Marine Biological Station in Japan. The station’s first director, Professor Kakichi Mitsukuri, emphasized to Kokichi Mikimoto in 1890 that stimulating pearl sac formation was important for pearl growth, and they went on to successfully develop methods for culturing pearls.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Kikunae Ikeda (8 October 1864 – 3 May 1936) was a Japanese chemist who discovered the fifth basic taste, umami.
Umetaro Suzuki (7 April 1874 – 20 September 1943) was a Japanese scientist best remembered for his research on beriberi, a disease caused by vitamin B1 deficiency, characterized by limb stiffness, paralysis and pain.
Kono Yasui (16 February 1880 – 24 March 1971) was a Japanese botanist who researched the genetics of poppies, corn and spiderworts and surveyed the plants that had been affected by the nuclear fallout after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Michiyo Tsujimura (17 September 1888 – 1 June 1969) was a Japanese agricultural scientist and biochemist recognized for her research of green tea components.
A Japanese surgeon, Tetsuzo Akutsu (20 August 1922 – 9 August 2007) built the first artificial heart capable of keeping an animal alive.
Ogino Ginko (3 March 1851 – 23 June 1913) was the first registered female doctor to practise modern medicine in Japan.
Japanese geochemist Katsuko Saruhashi developed the first method and tools for measuring carbon dioxide in seawater