Japan

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The CO2-absorbing soft crystal developed for this study (Photo: Shin-ichiro Noro).
25 Nov 2020
A team of scientists has succeeded in visualizing how carbon dioxide (CO2) behaves in an ionic liquid that selectively absorbs CO2. The finding is expected to help develop more efficient methods to capture CO2 in the atmosphere, one of the major factors causing global warming.
23 Nov 2020
A chance discovery leads to a simple process that can introduce ‘oxygen-missing layers’ into perovskite oxynitrides, changing their properties.
19 Nov 2020
Scientists have found a way to control an interaction between quantum dots that could lead to more efficient solar cells.
19 Nov 2020
A repetitive DNA sequence that causes health risks when it malfunctions can now be watched inside living cells using a synthetic tool
18 Nov 2020
A collaboration between Osaka City University and the advertising company Hakuhodo Inc. brings innovation to conflict resolution during corporate development with a process that has businesses and the public voice their concerns and systematically solve them together, instead of a one-way game of convincing each other.
The Elthusa splendida specimen described in the paper (Photo: Shinpei Ohashi).
17 Nov 2020
Scientists have discovered an extremely rare species of cymothoid from the mouth of a museum specimen of a deep-sea shark caught from the East China Sea, suggesting its wide distribution around the globe.
13 Nov 2020
How hot is the Universe today? How hot was it before? A new study by an international team of researchers, including members of the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU), suggests that the mean temperature of gas in large structures of the Universe has increased about 3 times in the last 8 billion years, to reach about two million Kelvin today.
12 Nov 2020
Computational models suggest that melting water originating in the deep interior of Greenland could flow the entire length of a subglacial valley and exit at Petermann Fjord, along the northern coast of the island. Updating ice sheet models with this open valley could provide additional insight for future climate change predictions.
05 Nov 2020
Research shows that Japan’s noncompulsory state of emergency generally succeeded in reducing human movement. A study from The University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science used mobile phone location data for January–April 2020 to record and plot movement of people in metro Tokyo during the emergence and first wave of COVID-19. They found a movement reduction of over 50%, which in turn limited social contact and slowed infection spread.
04 Nov 2020
The University of Tokyo introduced a system of gold nanorods that acts like a tiny light-driven motor, with its direction of motion is determined by the orientation of the motors. This work may lead to smaller and more precise nanomachines.
Broken Hill Mine, Kabwe
04 Nov 2020
Residents of Kabwe Town, Zambia, have very high blood levels of lead and cadmium, to such an extent that the symptoms of toxicity have been clinically observed.
Schematic diagram of this study
30 Oct 2020
A research team based in Japan may be moving toward a more controlled walk by unveiling the mechanism underlying the directional decision of each quantum step and introducing a way to potentially control the direction of movement.
The anomalies and criticality of liquid water
29 Oct 2020
Scientists at The University of Tokyo use a two-state model based on the formation of tetrahedral structures to explain water’s anomalous properties and the surprising liquid–liquid transition of water.
Lysosomes in a breast cancer cell.
29 Oct 2020
Scientists have revealed the molecular mechanism regulating the trafficking of lysosomes that increases the invasiveness of radioresistant cancer cells following radiotherapy.
Hiroshima University joined the global fight against COVID-19 last April through the “Hiroshima University CoV-Peace-Project.”
23 Oct 2020
Therapeutic drugs, a novel test method, a fully automated testing process, and a way to conduct medical diagnosis remotely are just some of the research being done at Hiroshima University to beat COVID-19.
20 Oct 2020
Osaka City University detects cancer cells in 2ml blood samples and connects them back to their origin tumor – creating a new diagnostic tool that may aid in quicker and more accurate anti-cancer measures.
20 Oct 2020
Researchers at Kanazawa University and University of California, San Francisco report in Science that arbitrary proteins, when combined with anchoring and receptor proteins, can work as a signaling protein “morphogen” capable of engineered spatial patterning.
19 Oct 2020
Signal loss along optical communication networks could be cut in half if silica glass fibers are manufactured under high pressure.
14 Oct 2020
Osaka City University unravels the atomic architecture of the “Nap” protein complex found on Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
12 Oct 2020
Scientists have estimated that the age of an individual does not indicate how likely they are to be infected by SARS-CoV-2. However, development of symptoms, progression of the disease, and mortality are age-dependent.
06 Oct 2020
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Nature Communications the mechanism making some lung-cancer patients resistant to the drug osimertinib. In addition, they suggest a combined drug treatment resolving osimertinib resistance in the case of cancer cells expressing low amounts of AXL, a protein belonging to the class of receptor tyrosine kinases.
Image_iCeMS_Kamei_OpticsLetters
03 Oct 2020
A new apparatus improves how we study the effects of aiming high-field terahertz radiation at cells, with implications for regenerative medicine.
Humboldt squid size
02 Oct 2020
Marine biologists studying the genetic structure of the Humboldt squid population found it is vulnerable to overfishing by fleets on its migration path.
01 Oct 2020
Scientists have found an ingredient that makes a vaccine more effective through an approach more often seen in materials science – testing molecules that self-assemble into larger structures.
01 Oct 2020
A Hokkaido University research group has successfully demonstrated that carbon-carbon (C-C) covalent bonds expand and contract flexibly in response to light and heat. This unexpected flexibility of C-C bonds could confer new properties to organic compounds.
Deep learning-based building damage assessment
01 Oct 2020
Researchers trained an AI to assess post-disaster building damage just by looking at aerial images of the aftermath.
01 Oct 2020
Scientists found out why people with Zellweger syndrome also get sick with genetic disorders linked to dysfunctions of the cilia or the cell’s “antenna.”
Saimyoji Temple main hall column painting
01 Oct 2020
Researchers uncovered ancient Buddhist paintings possibly dating back to over 1,300 years ago kept hidden in plain sight on soot-covered temple columns.
30 Sep 2020
Scientists have identified key molecules that mediate radioresistance in glioblastoma multiforme; these molecules are a potential target for the treatment of this brain cancer.
29 Sep 2020
Climate warming will alter marine community compositions as species are expected to shift poleward, significantly impacting the Arctic marine ecosystem.

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