Physics

News

Formate dehydrogenase from Candida boidinii
15 May 2020
The group clarified for the first time whether formate dehydrogenase reduces carbon dioxide, biocarbonate ion, or carbonate ion to formic acid. Points to a catalyst in developing and designing an artificial photosynthesis system that efficiently converts carbon dioxide into organic molecules.
13 May 2020
There is currently a strong demand to replace organic liquid electrolytes used in conventional rechargeable batteries, with solid-state ionic conductors which will enable the batteries to be safer and have higher energy density.
30 Apr 2020
A multinational team of researchers from Tohoku University and institutions in the UK, Germany and Switzerland has revealed the magnetic states of nanoscale gyroids, 3D chiral network-like nanostructures. The findings add a new candidate system for research into unconventional information processing and emergent phenomena relevant to spintronics.
Reconstructed images of what MG J0414+0534 would look like if gravitational lensing effects were turned off.
27 Mar 2020
Astronomers obtained the first resolved image of disturbed gaseous clouds in a galaxy 11 billion light-years away by using ALMA.
Montage of the CO molecule radio emission-line intensities in the three regions observed by the Star Formation Project and the Nobeyama 45 m Radio Telescope.
24 Mar 2020
Astronomers have captured new, detailed maps of three nearby interstellar gas clouds containing regions of ongoing high-mass star formation.
An artist’s impression of a satellite forming around a giant gas planet.
09 Mar 2020
Researchers found that dust encircling a young gas giant can create a “safety zone,” which keeps a large moon from falling into the planet as the system evolves.
05 Mar 2020
An international team of astronomers using ALMA has captured the very moment when an old star first starts to alter its environment.
02 Mar 2020
A physicist and mathematician have found a string theory link in a class of complex numbers.
Optical image of Titan taken by NASA Cassini spacecraft.
14 Feb 2020
Planetary scientists using ALMA revealed the secrets of the atmosphere of Titan, the largest moon of Saturn.
Calculated lattice thermal conductivity of MgSiO3 postperovskite (PPv) and bridgmanite (Brg) under the Earth’s lowermost mantle conditions
13 Feb 2020
Lattice thermal conductivities of MgSiO3 bridgmanite and postperovskite (PPv) phases under the Earth’s deepest mantle conditions were determined by quantum mechanical computer simulations. We found a substantial increase in the conductivity associated with the phase change. This indicates that the PPv phase boundary is the boundary not only of the mineralogy but also the thermal conductivity. The effect of anisotropy on the conductivity of PPv in the heat transport properties at the lowermost mantle was also found to be minor.
07 Feb 2020
A research team from the Centre for Genomic Studies on Plant-Environment Interaction for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security recently found that some non-coding RNA can produce very short proteins (small peptides), which play an important role in regulating organismal development and stress resistances. The findings challenge the very definition of non-coding RNAs and may open a new research path for future drug and crop improvement. The research article has been published in the journal Plant Physiology. (See note)
04 Feb 2020
Pressing issues in science and technology, including in healthcare and climate change, took centre-stage at the recent Global Young Scientists Summit 2020 where eminent scientists and talented young researchers worldwide convened in Singapore.
matter and anti-matter timeline
03 Feb 2020
Gravitational waves could contain evidence to prove that neutrino particles reshuffled matter and anti-matter, explains a new study.
There are four fundamental forces in the physical world: electromagnetism, strong force, weak force, and gravity. Gravity is the only force still unexplainable at the quantum level.
24 Jan 2020
Silly questions lead to surprising answers about the fundamental nature of the universe. We might have been getting it wrong this whole time.
22 Jan 2020
Researchers at Tohoku University have developed a new type of smart contact lenses that can prevent dry eyes. The self-moisturising system, which is described in the journal Advanced Materials Technologies, maintains a layer of fluid between the contact lens and the eye using a novel mechanism.
spins of light
21 Jan 2020
Vortex-like flows of light particles within an optical fibre could help solve the unsolvable.
17 Jan 2020
Astronomers at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan have analyzed the paths of two objects heading out of the Solar System and determined that they likely originated from outside of the Solar System.
15 Jan 2020
A new method could speed up drug discovery and lead to purer, side-effect-free medications.
15 Jan 2020
Opening plenary lecture by Sir Konstantin Novoselov, Nobel Prize in Physics (2010), at the Global Young Scientists Summit 2020.
15 Jan 2020
Astronomers uncovered the true identity of the fireball spotted on April 29, 2017.
Composite ALMA image of the debris disk around the young star 49 Ceti.
23 Dec 2019
Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) found a young star surrounded by an astonishing mass of gas.
23 Dec 2019
Researchers revealed the evolutionary changes in neurotransmitter uptake of VMAT1 by reconstructing ancestral VMAT1 proteins.
A blow-up of a small portion of the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Field.
19 Dec 2019
A distant galaxy more massive than our Milky Way has revealed that the 'cores' of massive galaxies in the Universe had formed already 1.5 billion years after the Big Bang.
ALMA and NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image of a young galaxy surrounded by a gaseous carbon cocoon.
16 Dec 2019
Researchers have discovered gigantic clouds of gaseous carbon more than a radius of 30,000 light-years around young galaxies using ALMA.
13 Dec 2019
JAXA and NASA satellite observations show where killer electrons are generated in the Van Allen radiation belts surrounding Earth.
Artist's impression of planets orbiting a supermassive black hole.
25 Nov 2019
Theoreticians in two different fields defied the common knowledge that planets orbit stars like the Sun. They proposed the possibility of thousands of planets around a supermassive black hole.
Diagram illustrating the microlensing event studied in this research.
01 Nov 2019
Researchers using telescopes around the world confirmed and characterized an exoplanet orbiting a nearby star through gravitational microlensing.
Obtained unusual nanostructures
18 Oct 2019
A research team of Ehime University paved a way to achieve unexplored III-V semiconductor nanostructures. They grew branched GaAs nanowires with a nontoxic Bi element employing characteristic structural modifications correlated with metallic droplets, as well as crystalline defects and orientations. The finding provides a rational design concept for the creation of semiconductor nanostructures with the concentration of constituents beyond the fundamental limit, making it potentially applicable to novel efficient near-infrared devices and quantum electronics.
15 Oct 2019
A Nature Research survey shows a gap in training on collaborative skills provided to early-career researchers
optical nanotweezers
16 Sep 2019
Researchers from the Indian Institute of Science develop a new “tweezer in a tweezer” concept for controlling nanoparticles in fluid with light.

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