Science

News

24 Jan 2006
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) in partnership with Venture Technologies Sdn Bhd (VT) and Bavarian Nordic (BN) have genetically engineered MVA (a modified vaccinia virus, known to be a safe smallpox vaccine) to contain genes from dengue virus.
22 Jan 2006
A revolutionary technique that uses the Earth's magnetic field to do nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy; A new mechanism by which human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cripples immune responses in virus-infected AIDS patients; An insight into the development of AIDS from HIV-1
20 Jan 2006
Pleasurable Kingdom: Animals and the nature of feeling good; Viruses Vs. Superbugs: A solution to the antibiotics crisis?; One tortoise's tale of conservation, commerce, cloning, combat and collecting on the high seas; A refreshing polemic on the promises, pitfalls and politics of science - with cartoons!
19 Jan 2006
Keio University, Japan’s leading university, held an annual Science and Technology Exhibition on December 2nd 2005 which introduced its latest research achievements to the industries.
18 Jan 2006
Summaries of newsworthy papers from Nature Vol.439 No.7074 Dated 19 January 2006 including Listen up, our ears used to be used for breathing; Hunt for hormone machinery bears fruit; Icy frustration
17 Jan 2006
Some of the 'friendly bacteria' found in yoghurt have been genetically modified to release a drug that blocks HIV infection, [email protected] reports today.
17 Jan 2006
The crossbred cattle are unable to adjust to the harsh climate and are more prone to many diseases thus making the cross breeding program a failure. As a result some of the best breeds of Rajasthan like, Tharparkar, Rathi, Nagori have declined significantly in number.
15 Jan 2006
NATURE AND THE NATURE RESEARCH JOURNALS PRESS RELEASE - For papers that will be published online on 15 January 2006
13 Jan 2006
A study by researchers in Canada has shown that the snap decisions Internet users make about the quality of a web page, in just a twentieth of a second, have a lasting impact on their opinions.
13 Jan 2006
Turkish govt confirms 3rd bird flu death; $665m put up for bird flu aid; WHO says Spain's implementation of anti-bird flu measures; Bird flu strain 'could be mutating'; Porous borders add to Iraq bird flu fears; Turkey bird flu analysis complete; WHO: Avian Influenza Precautions will Suffice; Romania confronts possible first human case of bird flu
12 Jan 2006
Regulating cholesterol levels in the brain decreases levels of the Amyloid-beta peptide. This peptide is thought to be the causative agent of involved in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease.
12 Jan 2006
International Symposium On Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine-from Bench to Bedside; One Day Seminar on Engineering and Environmental Geophysics
12 Jan 2006
The concept of organic farming seeks to re-establish the balance of energy in Nature without using chemical fertilizers and pesticides. This is mainly based upon traditional methods derived on sound ecological principles. In the present paper, such methods were reviewed in the Jammu and Kashmir area.
11 Jan 2006
Researchers have found a new fossil that challenges conventional wisdom about the evolution of early mammals.
11 Jan 2006
Summaries of newsworthy papers from Nature Vol.439 No.7073 including Neural tube defects untangled; Ants teach each other a lesson
10 Jan 2006
Nature welcomes the announcement by the inquiry organised by Seoul National University concluding that the Afghan hound Snuppy was indeed a clone, as reported in Nature (Nature 436, 641, 2005).
08 Jan 2006
Panchgavya substances can be used to treat disorders such as arthritis, renal disorders, dietary disorders, gastrointestinal track disorders, acidity, asthma etc. Recently cow urine was granted U.S. Patents for its medicinal properties, particularly for bacterial infection and fight against cancers.
07 Jan 2006
Alternatives to animal experiments in teaching and research; Ischaemia – Implications in veterinary surgery; Osteomedullography of tibia in dogs; A radiological study on barium enema in goats; An unusual intestinal foreign body in a tom cat and many more
07 Jan 2006
This biannual journal is published by the Animal Nutrition Association of India
07 Jan 2006
Milk, ghee, dahi, urine and dung together are known as ‘Panchgavya’ (Cowpathy) in Ayurveda and have been found to cure many ailments of human beings and animals. However, due to dominancy of western culture on our minds, our precious ancient treasure of cowpathy has not got the due attention.
07 Jan 2006
Madagascar has just added 1 million hectares to its protected area network, helping to protect the island's forests and the animals that live there (lemurs, geckos, etc.). This is part of the country's larger goal to set aside more than 10 percent of the Madagascar's wild lands in protected areas.
06 Jan 2006
The institute promotes extensive research into the link between physical activities and mental and physical development, physical education, sport science, performance analysis while the research center looks into Safety Exercise Threshold, sports-wear; ergonomics etc
05 Jan 2006
Grammatical rules can be applied to describe the functions of proteins, say researchers in the January issue of Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology.
04 Jan 2006
Summaries of newsworthy papers from Nature. Vol.438 No.7072 Dated 5 January 2006 including Cancer: Caspase-8 as a metastasis suppressor gene; Nanoparticles assemble themselves and Bees show how pollen and nectar collectors diverge.
04 Jan 2006
The UAV is locally designed, manufactured, integrated and tested. It can be used as an alternative solution to manned aircraft, for operations such as search and rescue, maritime patrol, urban traffic control, surveillance and military applications.
04 Jan 2006
India is set to become a Developed Nation by 2020. Despite all the achievements made in the fields of science and technology, food front, industries, twenty six percent of India's population is below the poverty line with no security of any kind.
04 Jan 2006
Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) is a distinct bacterial disease of cattle and buffaloes, and is of economic importance in many parts of world.
30 Dec 2005
After carbon dioxide, methane is the second major green house gas contributing to global warming but methane is 20–40 times more potent as green house gas. This paper suggest various methods of reducing the production of methane in animal farming.

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Giants in history

Turkish astrophysicist Dilhan Eryurt (29 November 1926 – 13 September 2012) conducted research on how the sun affects environmental conditions on the moon.
Chinese biochemist Chi Che Wang (1894 - 1979), one of the first Chinese women to study abroad, advanced to prominent research positions at American institutions including the University of Chicago and the Northwestern University Medical School.
Ruby Sakae Hirose (1904 – 1960) was a Japanese-American scientist whose research contributed significantly to our understanding of blood clotting, allergies and cancer.
Chinese electron microscopy specialist Li Fanghua (6 January 1932 – 24 January 2020) facilitated the high-resolution imaging of crystal structures by eliminating interference.
Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987), commonly referred to as the Birdman of India, was the first person to conduct systematic surveys of birds from across India.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Angelita Castro Kelly (1942-2015) was the first female Mission Operations Manager (MOM) of NASA. She spearheaded and supervised the Earth Observing System missions during its developmental stage.
Malaysia’s first astrophysicist, Mazlan binti Othman (born 11 December 1951) was instrumental in launching the country’s first microsatellite, and in sending Malaysia’s first astronaut, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, into space.
Known as Mr. Natural Rubber, chemist and researcher B. C. Shekhar (17 November 1929 – 6 September 2006) introduced a number of technical innovations that helped put Malaysia’s natural rubber industry on the world map.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
South Korean theoretical physicist Daniel Chonghan Hong (3 March 1956 – 6 July 2002) achieved fame in the public sphere through his research into the physics of popcorn.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Chinese palaeontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Pei Wenzhong (January 19, 1904 – September 18, 1982) is regarded as a founder of Chinese anthropology.
Physicist Narinder Singh Kapany (31 October 1926 – 4 December 2020) pioneered the use of optical fibres to transmit images, and founded several optical technology companies. Born in Punjab, India, he worked at a local optical instruments factory before moving to London for PhD studies at Imperial College. There, he devised a flexible fibrescope to convey images along bundles of glass fibres.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Charles Kuen Kao (Nov. 4, 1933 to Sept. 23, 2018) was an engineer who is regarded as the father of fibre optics. His work in the 1960s on long distance signal transmission using very pure glass fibres revolutionized telecommunications, enabling innovations such as the Internet.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Meghnad Saha (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was an Indian astrophysicist best known for formulating the Saha ionization equation which describes the chemical and physical properties of stars.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a scientist and inventor who contributed to a wide range of scientific fields such as physics, botany and biology.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian astrophysicist who studied the structure and evolution of stars.
Joo-myung Seok (November 13, 1908 – October 6, 1950) was a Korean butterfly entomologist who made important contributions to the taxonomy of the native butterfly species in Korea.
Mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani (12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was the first and only woman and Iranian to date to win the Fields Medal in 2014 for her work on curved surfaces.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who performed ground-breaking research in the field of light-scattering.
Mohammad Abdus Salam (29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996) was a theoretical physicist and the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was a math prodigy and widely considered one of India’s greatest mathematicians. Despite having almost no formal training in mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) is best known for developing the Ramachandran plot to understand the structure of short chains of amino acids, known as peptides.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Chien-Shiung Wu (31 May 1912 – 16 February 1997) was an experimental physicist who made several important contributions to nuclear physics. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project – a top-secret program for the production of nuclear weapons during World War II and helped to develop a process for separating uranium into U235 and U238.
Meemann Chang (born 17 April 1936) is a Chinese palaeontologist who studied the fossils of ancient fish to understand the evolution of life. By examining fossils, she uncovered new insights on how vertebrates, animals with a backbone, migrated from the sea and became adapted to live on land.
Bibha Chowdhuri (1913 – 2 June 1991) was an Indian physicist who researched on particle physics and cosmic rays. In 1936, she was the only female to complete a M.Sc. degree at the University of Calcutta.
Lin Lanying (7 February 1918 – 4 March 2003) was a Chinese material engineer remembered for her contributions to the field of semiconductor and aerospace materials. Lanying was born into a family who did not believe in educating girls and she was not allowed to go to school.
Japanese geochemist Katsuko Saruhashi developed the first method and tools for measuring carbon dioxide in seawater