Science

News

24 Mar 2022
Giants in History: Husband and wife team, Kimishige (3 December 1925 – 6 July 2018) and Teruko Ishizaka (28 September 1926 – 4 June 2019) discovered the antibody class Immunoglobulin E (IgE) that triggers allergic reactions.
22 Mar 2022
Australia's national science agency, CSIRO, will tackle Australia's plastic pollution problem, pledging to help Australia reduce 80 per cent of its plastic waste by the end of the decade.
17 Mar 2022
Giants in History: Woo Jang-choon (8 April 1898 – 10 August 1959) was a Korean-Japanese agricultural scientist and botanist. Woo performed horticultural research, first in Japan, then in Korea.
40億年前の火星の想像図
16 Mar 2022
東京工業大学地球生命研究所(ELSI)は今年、転機を迎える。10年前の設立当初からのテーマであった「地球と生命の起源」から踏み出し、地球外生命の可能性まで研究対象を広げていく。次期所長の関根康人教授にこれからのELSIが目指すところを聞いた。
Asia Research News: Editors Choice
16 Mar 2022
Microgravity worms help solve astronaut muscle problems, CO2 recycling and drug development, Remote control of robot hand, Enabling the study of diverse Hepatitis B. Read all in the March's Editor's Choice and even more in the Asia Research News 2022 magazine.
An artist’s impression of Mars four billion years ago
15 Mar 2022
The Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) based at Tokyo Institute of Technology will reach a turning point this year. For the first time in its 10-year history, it will extend the scope of its initial research theme, "The Origins and Evolution of the Earth and Life", to include searching for evidence of extra-terrestrial life. ELSI’s new director, Yasuhito Sekine, told Asia Research News what they hope to achieve in the next phase and how.
15 Mar 2022
A research group has revealed that amyloid-β (Aβ) detected in blood is secreted from peripheral tissues (pancreas, adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, liver, etc.) that are sensitive to glucose and insulin. Also, that Aβ secreted from peripheral tissues acts as a regulator on pancreatic β-cells to suppress insulin secretion. The results of this study indicate that blood Aβ levels fluctuate significantly with diet, and special care should be taken when using blood samples as a diagnostic marker for Alzheimer's disease, such as taking blood samples during fasting.
Earth formation
15 Mar 2022
Unlike most traditional Japanese universities, the Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) at Tokyo Institute of Technology has created a ‘flat’ and diverse research environment. On its ten-year anniversary, Outgoing Director Kei Hirose shares what is special about the institute and the secret behind its successful management.
14 Mar 2022
As a result of global warming in the 21st century, the Greenland ice sheet may contribute several metres to sea-level rise in the centuries to come; however, effective climate change mitigation measures will greatly reduce its decay.
Crushed can point singularity
14 Mar 2022
Mathematician Yukari Ito was excited at first to work from home. There was no need to commute to her office at the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, where she is professor, and she could attend seminars by mathematicians around the world from her living room. But there are also challenges, so she hopes some things will go back to the way they used to be.
14 Mar 2022
Researchers aim to streamline the time- and resource-intensive process of screening ligands during catalyst design by using virtual ligands.
Wildfire in the forest
12 Mar 2022
A recent summertime climate pattern could be driving co-occurring European heatwaves and large-scale wildfires over Siberia, Canada and Alaska.
10 Mar 2022
The Global Navigation Satellite System associated with a Japanese cell phone carrier can enhance monitoring of crustal deformation changes for earthquake early warning models.
10 Mar 2022
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences a responsive molecular system that, through chemical reactions, inverses its chirality before becoming racemic.
10 Mar 2022
Giants in History: Roseli Ocampo-Friedmann (23 November 1937 – 4 September 2005) was a Filipino-American scientist whose research focused on cyanobacteria and microorganisms that inhabit extreme environments.
Is it possible to develop antiaromaticity by nonbenzenoid aromatic compounds?
09 Mar 2022
- New HPHAC analogues with an embedded nonbenzenoid aromatic ring have been synthesized. - The newly synthesized HPHACs exhibit multistep redox properties and their dicationic species showed an aromatic nature based on macrocyclic conjugation. - Methylation on the nonbenzenoid aromatic ring resulted in the development of "antiaromaticity".
Pain neuron-derived Reg3γ protects brain metabolism of LPS challenged mice (Kenta Maruyama).
08 Mar 2022
A research team led by the National Institute for Physiological Sciences and joined by Hokkaido University explored the role of pain neurons in the regulation of endotoxic death. They found that peptide named Reg3γ acts as a pain neuron-enriched brain-targeted hormone that protects the host from endotoxic death.
08 Mar 2022
Scientists develop a method to genetically label neurons with a single gene of interest in mice by combining the anterograde transsynaptic spread of adeno-associated virus serotype 1 (AAV1) with intersectional gene expression. In two distinct circuits: the retina/primary visual cortex to the superior colliculus and the bilateral motor cortex to the dorsal striatum, injections of AAV1 expressing either Cre or Flpo recombinases and the Cre/Flpo double-dependent AAV into two upstream regions and the downstream region, respectively, were used to label postsynaptic neurons receiving inputs from the two upstream regions.
Conceptual artwork in the theme of 'the Origins of Life' by Padi Faraji.
07 Mar 2022
A team at Japan’s Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) is conducting evidence-based outreach to demonstrate why science communication training is so important, with an aim of encouraging other higher education and research institutions to follow its lead.
03 Mar 2022
Dr Hou Wai-kai, Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology (PS), The Education University of Hong Kong, has been elected a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science (APS) for his outstanding contribution to the discipline. 
03 Mar 2022
Giants in History: Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) is best known for developing the Ramachandran plot to understand the structure of short chains of amino acids, known as peptides.
01 Mar 2022
Our visual processing is facilitated by spaces near the hand in a process known as hand proximity attention. Using a visual phenomenon called the flash-lag effect, researchers showed that proprioceptive information of a hand contributed to hand proximity attention.
28 Feb 2022
Scientists demonstrate an optical trapping technique using nanotextured black silicon that can efficiently trap polymer chains. By adjusting the laser intensity, these “optical tweezers” can control the florescence color emitted through a local concentration of a perylene-modified polymer solution. From a low intensity blue to high intensity orange, this reversible and fully remote technology can almost reach the entire RGB spectrum.
27 Feb 2022
With the aid of mathematics, materials chemistry enables dimension travel, unveiling that all properties of materials are governed by their dimension.
27 Feb 2022
A Detailed comparative study on the structures and electrical properties of related insulators and superconductors
25 Feb 2022
Induction into the Hall of Master Academic Clinicians is the highest accolade for clinical faculty at the SingHealth Duke-NUS Academic Medical Centre. Exemplary clinical faculty members are selected by a special committee for their subject matter mastery, academic excellence and exceptional mentoring for Duke-NUS students.
The prototype of the ATP and Lactate sensor developed in the study (left); and the integrated sensor chip that detects ATP and Lactate levels (right). (Photos: Akihiko Ishida).
25 Feb 2022
Scientists have developed a prototype sensor that could help doctors rapidly measure adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and lactate levels in blood samples from patients, aiding in the rapid assessment of the severity of some diseases.
Testing liquid flow
24 Feb 2022
A surprising tree-inspired discovery is helping scientists design surfaces that encourage different liquids to move in varying directions.
OMNI ocean sensing system
23 Feb 2022
Device designers at the University of Tokyo are developing cheap and accessible ways to monitor and explore the sea.
Artistic depiction of electricity enabling the addition of CO2 to heteroaromatic compounds. (Illustration provided by Tsuyoshi Mita)
22 Feb 2022
Using electricity, a new method offers the possibility of recycling CO2 while also performing a notoriously difficult reaction, producing compounds potentially useful for drug development.

Events

02 Apr 2008
Hanoi, Vietnam - Vietnam to launch Vinasat, the Southeast Asian country's first telecoms satellite.
24 Jun 2008
This workshop will be instrumental in bringing together the experts to discuss diverse environmental strategies targeted to cause increase in eco-efficiency and minimizing energy consumption in their respective regions / sub-regions.
30 Mar 2008
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia - The where, why and how of salinisation and water impacts. This session will examine our current understanding of salinisation processes, and identify gaps that require further research.
21 Oct 2008
Brownfield Asia 2008 follows the success of the first two international conferences in this series in 2004 and 2006. This conference affords an international forum for related professionals to discuss on current problems related to brownfields.
10 Mar 2008
The Tokyo University of Science will be holding the first International Collaboration Workshop in March 2008 with the University of California at Davis, University of California at Santa Cruz and Ohio State University. Another nine world leading research universities are invited. The topics of the workshop is focusing on "Materials Research" f
10 Mar 2008
Tokyo University of Science will hold the 3rd International Symposium on "Promotional Bases for Leading Architectural Fire Safety Engineering Research" at Tokyo, March 10 and 11
31 Mar 2008
Shanghai, China - China 2008 R&D Summit will bring together the many diverse groups of life science practitioners, from global pharmas who've set up R&D centers in China, coupled with participation from US, Switzerland, France, Australia, Japan, India, Korea and many other countries.
06 Aug 2008
Be part of the solution, be a positive part of the Global Change! ESCC 2008 will highlight new research findings and strategic approaches towards energy security and combating climate change.
25 Mar 2008
Okinawa, Japan - The conference covers theory,design and application of computer networks and distributed computing systems. Aside from the regular presentations, the conference will include keynote addresses with speakers from both industry and academia.
19 Mar 2008
New Delhi, India - It provides a forum for technical presentations and discussions among database researchers, developers and users from academia, business and industry.
18 Mar 2008
Bangalore, India - This event will include Pharma Development and Case Studies, Modelling, SAR and Synthesis, Target Identification, Lead Optimisation & Business Partnering. There will also be a pre-conference course on Microwave-Assisted Organic Synthesis.
16 Jun 2008
KL, Malaysia - Over 100 distinguished chemists; physicists and materials scientists will be attending the event to give plenary lecture and present their recent excellent research progress in various fields of functional materials and devices ranging from novel materials synthesis and applications.
05 Jan 2009
While technical sessions will include topics on both developed and developing countries, much of the focus of this conference will be on water resources and the environment in developing countries, especially in Asia and Africa. The emphasis will be focused on global effect of regional issues and solutions.
03 Mar 2008
The Nonthaburi Municipality, Thailand, in cooperation with the Southeast Asia Urban Environmental Management Applications Project at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), will organize a half-day policy workshop to help local stakeholders address air pollution problems and global warming issues caused by burning agricultural waste.
26 Oct 2008
Hangzhou, China - This is one of the world's major conferences in the field of optical communications. This event expects to host more than 500 contributed and 80 invited papers given by many of the world's most prominent researchers from academia and industry.
26 Feb 2008
This conference will serve to launch JCOR (the Japanese Centre for Ontological Research), which has recently been funded by the Japanese Government's Ministry of Education and Science (MEXT) under the framework of the Open Research Centre on Logic and Formal Ontology.
17 Mar 2008
The Thailand Asian Center for Engineering Computations and Software (ACECOMS) at the School of Engineering and Technology (SET), Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand, in association with Asian Concrete Construction Institute (ACCI) and Thai Concrete Association (TCA) is organizing a seminar on " Recycling for Sustainable Construction ".
21 Apr 2008
Hanoi, Vietnam - The first-ever Asia-Pacific Forestry Week will be organized 21-26 April 2008. It is expected to be the largest and the most important forestry-related events in the region in 2008.
03 Mar 2008
Shanghai, China - This event will explore various topics including Production cost and environmental concerns and its impact on PVC markets.
16 Apr 2008
Land degradation affects more than 1900 million hectares of land word-wide, including 65% of the region’s agricultural land. This international event will bring together experts from different fields to facilitate sharing of information on various aspects of land degradation.
08 Feb 2008
New Delhi, India - The purpose of the two-day deliberation is to establish the relevance of both claims - climate justice and development - for the South.
07 Feb 2008
Malta - This conference will focus largely on capacity-building and will address the training and other needs of small states, and other actors who, due to limited financial or human resources, currently do not participate fully in climate change diplomacy.
22 May 2008
Singapore - This workshop is designed to tap onto the growing Asian market. Meet the key decision makers in the important Asian defence market face to face, during the formal sessions and informal evening events.
07 Feb 2008
Chennai, India - The main aim of the conference is to bring together all the scientists in India, from academic institutions and industry, who are working on expressing recombinant proteins in any plant or plant tissue, to showcase their work and discuss research problems and prospects with leading international experts in this field.
25 Jan 2008
Techfest, the Annual International Science and Technology festival of IIT Bombay provides a platform for a confluence of students, academia and the industry. Whether you are an engineer in the making, a hardened professional or an experienced professor, events at Techfest will provide the ultimate adrenaline rush for every tech enthusiast.
22 Jan 2008
The workshop will examine the opportunities for Carbon Capture Storage(CCS) and issues regarding its deployment.
18 Mar 2008
Bhopal, India - The event covers a wide ranging themes related to mechanical engineering.
05 Aug 2008
Nanjing, China - The Conference is a primary international quadrennial forum for scientists and technicians working on topics relating to sports.
20 Jul 2008
Kunming, China - The anticipated attendees will represent top-level decision makers from leading biotech, pharmaceutical, and healthcare organizations.
10 Jan 2008
Generating Synergies with Molecular Science - The Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology is delighted to host the 2nd Molecular Frontiers Symposium in Singapore, in collaboration with the Molecular Frontiers Foundation.

Researchers

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Giants in history

Turkish astrophysicist Dilhan Eryurt (29 November 1926 – 13 September 2012) conducted research on how the sun affects environmental conditions on the moon.
Chinese biochemist Chi Che Wang (1894 - 1979), one of the first Chinese women to study abroad, advanced to prominent research positions at American institutions including the University of Chicago and the Northwestern University Medical School.
Ruby Sakae Hirose (1904 – 1960) was a Japanese-American scientist whose research contributed significantly to our understanding of blood clotting, allergies and cancer.
Chinese electron microscopy specialist Li Fanghua (6 January 1932 – 24 January 2020) facilitated the high-resolution imaging of crystal structures by eliminating interference.
Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987), commonly referred to as the Birdman of India, was the first person to conduct systematic surveys of birds from across India.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Angelita Castro Kelly (1942-2015) was the first female Mission Operations Manager (MOM) of NASA. She spearheaded and supervised the Earth Observing System missions during its developmental stage.
Malaysia’s first astrophysicist, Mazlan binti Othman (born 11 December 1951) was instrumental in launching the country’s first microsatellite, and in sending Malaysia’s first astronaut, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, into space.
Known as Mr. Natural Rubber, chemist and researcher B. C. Shekhar (17 November 1929 – 6 September 2006) introduced a number of technical innovations that helped put Malaysia’s natural rubber industry on the world map.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
South Korean theoretical physicist Daniel Chonghan Hong (3 March 1956 – 6 July 2002) achieved fame in the public sphere through his research into the physics of popcorn.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Chinese palaeontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Pei Wenzhong (January 19, 1904 – September 18, 1982) is regarded as a founder of Chinese anthropology.
Physicist Narinder Singh Kapany (31 October 1926 – 4 December 2020) pioneered the use of optical fibres to transmit images, and founded several optical technology companies. Born in Punjab, India, he worked at a local optical instruments factory before moving to London for PhD studies at Imperial College. There, he devised a flexible fibrescope to convey images along bundles of glass fibres.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Charles Kuen Kao (Nov. 4, 1933 to Sept. 23, 2018) was an engineer who is regarded as the father of fibre optics. His work in the 1960s on long distance signal transmission using very pure glass fibres revolutionized telecommunications, enabling innovations such as the Internet.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Meghnad Saha (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was an Indian astrophysicist best known for formulating the Saha ionization equation which describes the chemical and physical properties of stars.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a scientist and inventor who contributed to a wide range of scientific fields such as physics, botany and biology.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian astrophysicist who studied the structure and evolution of stars.
Joo-myung Seok (November 13, 1908 – October 6, 1950) was a Korean butterfly entomologist who made important contributions to the taxonomy of the native butterfly species in Korea.
Mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani (12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was the first and only woman and Iranian to date to win the Fields Medal in 2014 for her work on curved surfaces.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who performed ground-breaking research in the field of light-scattering.
Mohammad Abdus Salam (29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996) was a theoretical physicist and the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was a math prodigy and widely considered one of India’s greatest mathematicians. Despite having almost no formal training in mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) is best known for developing the Ramachandran plot to understand the structure of short chains of amino acids, known as peptides.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Chien-Shiung Wu (31 May 1912 – 16 February 1997) was an experimental physicist who made several important contributions to nuclear physics. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project – a top-secret program for the production of nuclear weapons during World War II and helped to develop a process for separating uranium into U235 and U238.
Meemann Chang (born 17 April 1936) is a Chinese palaeontologist who studied the fossils of ancient fish to understand the evolution of life. By examining fossils, she uncovered new insights on how vertebrates, animals with a backbone, migrated from the sea and became adapted to live on land.
Bibha Chowdhuri (1913 – 2 June 1991) was an Indian physicist who researched on particle physics and cosmic rays. In 1936, she was the only female to complete a M.Sc. degree at the University of Calcutta.
Lin Lanying (7 February 1918 – 4 March 2003) was a Chinese material engineer remembered for her contributions to the field of semiconductor and aerospace materials. Lanying was born into a family who did not believe in educating girls and she was not allowed to go to school.
Japanese geochemist Katsuko Saruhashi developed the first method and tools for measuring carbon dioxide in seawater