17 Jun 2021
Researchers at Osaka Prefecture University have established an approach to identify the orientation of molecules and chemical bonds in crystalline organic-inorganic hybrid thin films deposited on substrates using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and polarized infrared light with a 3D-printed attenuated total reflectance (ATR) unit. This inexpensive method with laboratory-grade equipment quickly reaches the crystal-structure model of even extremely thin films of less than 10 nm.
17 Jun 2021
Cryo-electron microscopy and computer simulations uncover how a cellular protein helps transport omega-3 fatty acids to the brain and eye, with implications for drug development.
16 Jun 2021
Researchers from The University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science report colloidal spheres that can be used to determine the rotational dynamics of dense suspensions
14 Jun 2021
A team of scientists has shown that the healing of skin blisters is driven by hair follicle stem cells, which delay their own development in the process.
11 Jun 2021
Hokkaido University researchers have developed a simple method that converts existing generic polymers into luminescent polymers using mechanical force.
09 Jun 2021
Publication bias, or the tendency of researchers and journals to not publish uninteresting findings, plagues much of the natural sciences and especially biomedical research. Hiroshima University researchers have developed a meta-analytic technique exploiting publicly available transcriptome databases that avoids the problem—and in so doing, discovered four genes previously unknown to be associated with responding to low-oxygen stress.
09 Jun 2021
Chemical rings of carbon and hydrogen atoms curve to form relatively stable structures capable of conducting electricity and more — but how do these curved systems change when new components are introduced? Researchers based in Japan found that, with just a few sub-atomic additions, the properties can pivot to vary system states and behaviors, as demonstrated through a new synthesized chemical compound.
04 Jun 2021
Coral insights into 1,000 years of seasonal changes in the Arabian Sea warn of significant impacts caused by global warming.
02 Jun 2021
Scientists have found a way to make hydrogen move faster through a solid material at cooler temperatures, paving the way for more sustainable and practical energy storage devices.
02 Jun 2021
Scientists have uncovered a summertime climate pattern in and around the Arctic that could drive co-occurrences of European heatwaves and large-scale wildfires with air pollution over Siberia and subpolar North America.
01 Jun 2021
Researchers from the Institute of Industrial Science at The University of Tokyo, Kobe Steel, Ltd, and Kobelco Research Institute, Inc, develop high-density, energy-efficient 3D embedded RAM for artificial intelligence applications.
01 Jun 2021
Carbon degassed from planetary mantles by volcanic activity plays an important role in the planetary surface environment. However, how the carbon content in the Earth’s mantle was established is still poorly understood. Here we show that the mantle of planetary embryos may have been nearly saturated with carbon by new high-pressure experiments and pointed out that the carbon solubility of magma is very consistent with the estimated carbon contents in terrestrial and lunar mantles.
31 May 2021
High-resolution genome structural analyses combined with large-scale simulations show the arrangements of the genome’s spool-like structures affecting gene expression.
31 May 2021
Inquiry-based science learning supported by information and communications technology tools has been a desirable innovative approach to instructional practices with effective teacher orchestration in school education. Teacher orchestration refers to how a teacher manages real-time, multi-layered activities in a context with multi-constraints for effective instructional practices, particularly with technology support. The issue of “How to help teachers to orchestrate students’ science inquiry within and beyond the classroom” remains a blank spot in the literature. The focus of this mobile learning app namely, m-Orchestrate (“m” stands for mobile) provides a practical solution to this question.
28 May 2021
Scientists from Japan, Europe and the USA have described a pathway leading to the accelerated flowering of plants in low-nitrogen soils. These findings could eventually lead to increases in agricultural production.
27 May 2021
Schematic illustrations of magnetization control by the injection of phonon angular momentum.
27 May 2021
The Asia-Pacific Institute of Ageing Studies (APIAS) of Lingnan University (LU) in Hong Kong recently organised a STEM-design competition for secondary school students to develop gerontechnology products tailor-made for rural elders to improve their quality of life. Pui Shing Catholic Secondary School students’ “smart shopping cart”, equipped with an infrared-based, automatic motion-tracking system that helps seniors transport a large amount of goods with less effort, won the Overall Championship Award and the Age-friendly Innovation Award.
25 May 2021
Researchers at The University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science repurpose food waste to build materials with a bending strength comparable to concrete and that still taste good
24 May 2021
In collaboration with Kanazawa University, researchers from Osaka City University used high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) to visualize at the nanometer level the movement of individual particles within the parasitic bacterium Mycoplasma mobile. After confirming the outline on the surface of the cell structure in an immobilized state with previous data gathered from electron microscopy, the team succeeded in visualizing the real-time movements of the internal structure by scanning the outside of the cell with HS-AFM.
21 May 2021
Chuo University and Hokkaido University researchers have found that infants take less than a second to completely process visual information and have the same temporal limitation in processing visual information as seen in adults.
21 May 2021
Chirality, the lack of symmetry in matter, is an important issue in a myriad of scientific fields, ranging from high-energy physics to biology. Using magnets, a collaborative research group have furthered our understanding of how chiral information is transferred and memorized.
18 May 2021
The Asia Research News magazine brings you fascinating research stories from diverse voices in environment, technology, materials, medicine, space and social sciences. The 2021 edition is out now.
18 May 2021
Scientists from Hokkaido University have developed a rapid, efficient protocol for cross-coupling reactions, vastly expanding the pool of chemicals that can be used for the synthesis of useful organic compounds.
14 May 2021
Upcoming Solar System exploration missions will search for extraterrestrial (ET) life, but ET life may not be like Earth life. A new mass spectrometry analysis technique may allow for process-based ways to find ET life that is compositionally alien.
13 May 2021
Scientists reveal that the deterioration of modern concrete and asphalt structures is due to the presence of trace quantities of organic matter in these structures.
13 May 2021
Researchers from the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo have shown how glasses that apparently look frozen can crystallize, which could contribute to the improvement of the stability of glassy materials
12 May 2021
Everyone has to wear a mask to curb the spread of COVID-19. However, this is an additional communication barrier for people with a hearing impairment as they cannot read lips or facial expressions behind a mask. Invited by The Hong Kong Society for the Deaf, the Lingnan Entrepreneurship Initiative of Lingnan University in Hong Kong (LU) recently designed a transparent ASTM Level 3 face mask based on the needs of hearing-impaired people, and its fully transparent and anti-reflective design makes lip-reading easier.
11 May 2021
Tony Z. Jia is a specially-appointed assistant professor and lab manager at Japan’s Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), based at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. He is an astrobiologist and shared highlights from his dual research/management role.
11 May 2021
Tomohiro Mochizuki tracks down viruses inside single-cell organisms thriving in boiling hot springs. His fieldwork is conducted in relatively extreme environments and, despite the significance of his investigations, he doesn’t need many fancy gadgets back at his lab at Japan’s Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI). ARN asked Mochizuki about his virus-hunting exploits and what they involve.
11 May 2021
“By looking at substances in volcanos, lakes and hotsprings, you can start to see the ecosystems that existed billions of years ago,” says Mayuko Nakagawa, a microbiologist and specially-appointed assistant professor at the Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) based at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. She analyses components left by microorganisms with colleagues from various disciplines, while as a lab manager, she looks after cutting-edge equipment and visitors from different countries.
10 Mar 2008
The Tokyo University of Science will be holding the first International Collaboration Workshop in March 2008 with the University of California at Davis, University of California at Santa Cruz and Ohio State University. Another nine world leading research universities are invited. The topics of the workshop is focusing on "Materials Research" f
10 Mar 2008
Tokyo University of Science will hold the 3rd International Symposium on "Promotional Bases for Leading Architectural Fire Safety Engineering Research" at Tokyo, March 10 and 11
31 Mar 2008
Shanghai, China - China 2008 R&D Summit will bring together the many diverse groups of life science practitioners, from global pharmas who've set up R&D centers in China, coupled with participation from US, Switzerland, France, Australia, Japan, India, Korea and many other countries.
06 Aug 2008
Be part of the solution, be a positive part of the Global Change! ESCC 2008 will highlight new research findings and strategic approaches towards energy security and combating climate change.
25 Mar 2008
Okinawa, Japan - The conference covers theory,design and application of computer networks and distributed computing systems. Aside from the regular presentations, the conference will include keynote addresses with speakers from both industry and academia.
19 Mar 2008
New Delhi, India - It provides a forum for technical presentations and discussions among database researchers, developers and users from academia, business and industry.
18 Mar 2008
Bangalore, India - This event will include Pharma Development and Case Studies, Modelling, SAR and Synthesis, Target Identification, Lead Optimisation & Business Partnering. There will also be a pre-conference course on Microwave-Assisted Organic Synthesis.
16 Jun 2008
KL, Malaysia - Over 100 distinguished chemists; physicists and materials scientists will be attending the event to give plenary lecture and present their recent excellent research progress in various fields of functional materials and devices ranging from novel materials synthesis and applications.
05 Jan 2009
While technical sessions will include topics on both developed and developing countries, much of the focus of this conference will be on water resources and the environment in developing countries, especially in Asia and Africa. The emphasis will be focused on global effect of regional issues and solutions.
03 Mar 2008
The Nonthaburi Municipality, Thailand, in cooperation with the Southeast Asia Urban Environmental Management Applications Project at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), will organize a half-day policy workshop to help local stakeholders address air pollution problems and global warming issues caused by burning agricultural waste.
26 Oct 2008
Hangzhou, China - This is one of the world's major conferences in the field of optical communications. This event expects to host more than 500 contributed and 80 invited papers given by many of the world's most prominent researchers from academia and industry.
26 Feb 2008
This conference will serve to launch JCOR (the Japanese Centre for Ontological Research), which has recently been funded by the Japanese Government's Ministry of Education and Science (MEXT) under the framework of the Open Research Centre on Logic and Formal Ontology.
17 Mar 2008
The Thailand Asian Center for Engineering Computations and Software (ACECOMS) at the School of Engineering and Technology (SET), Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand, in association with Asian Concrete Construction Institute (ACCI) and Thai Concrete Association (TCA) is organizing a seminar on " Recycling for Sustainable Construction ".
21 Apr 2008
Hanoi, Vietnam - The first-ever Asia-Pacific Forestry Week will be organized 21-26 April 2008. It is expected to be the largest and the most important forestry-related events in the region in 2008.
03 Mar 2008
Shanghai, China - This event will explore various topics including Production cost and environmental concerns and its impact on PVC markets.
16 Apr 2008
Land degradation affects more than 1900 million hectares of land word-wide, including 65% of the region’s agricultural land. This international event will bring together experts from different fields to facilitate sharing of information on various aspects of land degradation.
08 Feb 2008
New Delhi, India - The purpose of the two-day deliberation is to establish the relevance of both claims - climate justice and development - for the South.
07 Feb 2008
Malta - This conference will focus largely on capacity-building and will address the training and other needs of small states, and other actors who, due to limited financial or human resources, currently do not participate fully in climate change diplomacy.
22 May 2008
Singapore - This workshop is designed to tap onto the growing Asian market. Meet the key decision makers in the important Asian defence market face to face, during the formal sessions and informal evening events.
07 Feb 2008
Chennai, India - The main aim of the conference is to bring together all the scientists in India, from academic institutions and industry, who are working on expressing recombinant proteins in any plant or plant tissue, to showcase their work and discuss research problems and prospects with leading international experts in this field.
25 Jan 2008
Techfest, the Annual International Science and Technology festival of IIT Bombay provides a platform for a confluence of students, academia and the industry. Whether you are an engineer in the making, a hardened professional or an experienced professor, events at Techfest will provide the ultimate adrenaline rush for every tech enthusiast.
22 Jan 2008
The workshop will examine the opportunities for Carbon Capture Storage(CCS) and issues regarding its deployment.
18 Mar 2008
Bhopal, India - The event covers a wide ranging themes related to mechanical engineering.
05 Aug 2008
Nanjing, China - The Conference is a primary international quadrennial forum for scientists and technicians working on topics relating to sports.
20 Jul 2008
Kunming, China - The anticipated attendees will represent top-level decision makers from leading biotech, pharmaceutical, and healthcare organizations.
10 Jan 2008
Generating Synergies with Molecular Science - The Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology is delighted to host the 2nd Molecular Frontiers Symposium in Singapore, in collaboration with the Molecular Frontiers Foundation.
21 Feb 2008
Salem, India - The conference aims to disseminate innovative ideas in the new and emerging technologies in Intelligent Computing Models. It brings together researchers, academicians, students and industrial experts under one roof.
06 Feb 2008
Vellore, India - This International Conference will be relevant and useful to the students and faculties to interact with International Scientists for their future studies and research activities.
02 Feb 2008
Gwalior, India - The aim of the seminar is to provide a platform for research workers from mathematics and interdisciplinary areas to discuss the recent trends and challenges in the area of mathematics and their applications.
Giants in history
Chinese electron microscopy specialist Li Fanghua (6 January 1932 – 24 January 2020) facilitated the high-resolution imaging of crystal structures by eliminating interference.
Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987), commonly referred to as the Birdman of India, was the first person to conduct systematic surveys of birds from across India.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Angelita Castro Kelly (1942-2015) was the first female Mission Operations Manager (MOM) of NASA. She spearheaded and supervised the Earth Observing System missions during its developmental stage.
Malaysia’s first astrophysicist, Mazlan binti Othman (born 11 December 1951) was instrumental in launching the country’s first microsatellite, and in sending Malaysia’s first astronaut, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, into space.
Known as Mr. Natural Rubber, chemist and researcher B. C. Shekhar (17 November 1929 – 6 September 2006) introduced a number of technical innovations that helped put Malaysia’s natural rubber industry on the world map.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
South Korean theoretical physicist Daniel Chonghan Hong (3 March 1956 – 6 July 2002) achieved fame in the public sphere through his research into the physics of popcorn.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Chinese palaeontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Pei Wenzhong (January 19, 1904 – September 18, 1982) is regarded as a founder of Chinese anthropology.
Physicist Narinder Singh Kapany (31 October 1926 – 4 December 2020) pioneered the use of optical fibres to transmit images, and founded several optical technology companies. Born in Punjab, India, he worked at a local optical instruments factory before moving to London for PhD studies at Imperial College. There, he devised a flexible fibrescope to convey images along bundles of glass fibres.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Charles Kuen Kao (Nov. 4, 1933 to Sept. 23, 2018) was an engineer who is regarded as the father of fibre optics. His work in the 1960s on long distance signal transmission using very pure glass fibres revolutionized telecommunications, enabling innovations such as the Internet.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Meghnad Saha (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was an Indian astrophysicist best known for formulating the Saha ionization equation which describes the chemical and physical properties of stars.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a scientist and inventor who contributed to a wide range of scientific fields such as physics, botany and biology.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian astrophysicist who studied the structure and evolution of stars.
Joo-myung Seok (November 13, 1908 – October 6, 1950) was a Korean butterfly entomologist who made important contributions to the taxonomy of the native butterfly species in Korea.
Mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani (12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was the first and only woman and Iranian to date to win the Fields Medal in 2014 for her work on curved surfaces.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who performed ground-breaking research in the field of light-scattering.
Mohammad Abdus Salam (29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996) was a theoretical physicist and the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was a math prodigy and widely considered one of India’s greatest mathematicians. Despite having almost no formal training in mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) is best known for developing the Ramachandran plot to understand the structure of short chains of amino acids, known as peptides.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Chien-Shiung Wu (31 May 1912 – 16 February 1997) was an experimental physicist who made several important contributions to nuclear physics. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project – a top-secret program for the production of nuclear weapons during World War II and helped to develop a process for separating uranium into U235 and U238.
Meemann Chang (born 17 April 1936) is a Chinese palaeontologist who studied the fossils of ancient fish to understand the evolution of life. By examining fossils, she uncovered new insights on how vertebrates, animals with a backbone, migrated from the sea and became adapted to live on land.
Bibha Chowdhuri (1913 – 2 June 1991) was an Indian physicist who researched on particle physics and cosmic rays. In 1936, she was the only female to complete a M.Sc. degree at the University of Calcutta.
Lin Lanying (7 February 1918 – 4 March 2003) was a Chinese material engineer remembered for her contributions to the field of semiconductor and aerospace materials. Lanying was born into a family who did not believe in educating girls and she was not allowed to go to school.