Nakagawa in lab
11 May 2021
Interior of the Earth
11 May 2021
Earth scientist Hitoshi Gomi investigates how plants are made by studying materials from the deep Earth, while creating a hospitable workplace at the Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. He shared his research and the role of a lab manager with Asia Research News.
Interior of the Earth
11 May 2021
Schematic image of the Earth’s internal structure
06 May 2021
A stable isotope of helium, 3He, was produced by the Big Bang and a remnant of the solar nebula. 3He is included in ocean island basalts, such as in Hawaiian volcanos, indicating it has been stored somewhere in the deep Earth and carried up to the surface in upwelling plumes. New computer simulations demonstrate that even in small amounts, helium can be dissolved in liquid iron at ultrahigh-pressure conditions, suggesting that there is a reservoir in the Earth’s core.
04 May 2021
New algorithms are much better at estimating the security level of encrypted data.
29 Apr 2021
Living beings need elements to develop properly. The study of ionomics measures and analyses the element accumulations in living organisms to determine which mineral nutrients are required and not required for growth. Associate Professor Toshihiro Watanabe from Hokkaido University’s Research Faculty of Agriculture applies this approach to learn about mineral accumulation in both plants and soil, in addition to inter-element interactions.
π-Extended Azacoronene with a Janus Double-Concave Structure
27 Apr 2021
A facile synthesis of two types of pyrrole-fused azacoronene with planar and double-concave π-structures was achieved. The two electron-rich azacoronenes were found to interact with electron-deficient π-electron compounds depending on their three-dimensional structures. Azacoronene with a curved structure was found to be less aromatic than those with a planar one based on macrocyclic π-conjugation.
22 Apr 2021
An international research team has unearthed more about the crustal growth history of the Central African shield—one of the oldest continental pieces on the planet that formed part of the supercontinent Columbia.
22 Apr 2021
A research team, led by researchers from Tohoku University, has defined the events that punctuated the crustal history Northeast Japan. Their study has revealed the main ages of the events that shaped the geological roots of Japan.
PD-L1 immunohistochemical staining in typical oral malignant melanoma (left) and squamous cell skin cancer (right)
22 Apr 2021
Scientists have shown that the biological molecule PD-L1 is a potential target for the treatment of metastasized oral malignant melanoma in dogs.
22 Apr 2021
A mitochondrial peptide called MOCCI has a surprising sidekick, and they work together to regulate inflammation and immunity, Singapore researchers reveal.
19 Apr 2021
Researchers discovered, while exploring the photomechanical properties of diarylethene, that under irradiation with UV light the crystal of the compound peels off into micrometer sized crystals at a world’s fastest speed of 260 microseconds. As the material returns to its former molecular structure when exposed to visible light, the exfoliation method positions itself as a candidate for photoactuator manufacturing.
14 Apr 2021
Prof. June.M. Kwak, and Prof. Chang-Hee Cho are selected for the research funds granted by Samsung Science & Technology Foundation
14 Apr 2021
In the era of Artificial Intelligence (AI), a novel optical “micro-comb” chip developed by a physicist from the City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has played a pivotal role in building the fastest optical neural network processor. An international research team has recently demonstrated the world’s fastest and most powerful optical neural network processor, which is capable of operating at faster than 10 trillion operations per second. When applied to handwritten digital recognition, a common benchmark in AI, it achieved an accuracy of nearly 90%. It represents an enormous leap forward for neural networks and neuromorphic processing.
09 Apr 2021
ARN's April Newsletter features research on COVID-19 antibodies, cancer-fighting hydrogels, how the brain organizes information, the 'poor man's q-bit' and the photo of the month!
09 Apr 2021
ARN's March Newsletter features women experts in honor of International Women's Day, plus the first images of muon beams, research about neural stem cells, flood prediction and how light and noise affect birds.
One of the calves used in the clinical studies of FMR efficacy
02 Apr 2021
Scientists in Japan have developed and tested a novel probiotic formulation to control severe diarrhea in calves, ensuring their health and reducing mortality, and in turn reducing economic loss.
31 Mar 2021
Tokyo summers are notorious for their sweltering heat and humidity. Scientists have found that the meandering Kuroshio Current may be the cause of increasing hot and humid summers in the Kanto region.
An urban Eurasian red squirrel and the novel food-extraction task in Tsuda Park at Obihiro
30 Mar 2021
Human disturbance in urban environments makes some squirrels fail, but others perform better in novel problem-solving.
29 Mar 2021
A paper by the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU) Director Ooguri Hirosi and Project Researcher Matthew Dodelson on the string theoretical effects outside the black hole photon sphere has been selected for the “Editors’ Suggestion” of the journal Physical Review D. Their paper was published on March 24, 2021.
Figure 1: The drawing shows a clam with its foot extending deep into the sediment to gain access to hydrogen sulfide. The foot and mantle of the clam are red due to the presence of haemoglobin for gas transport in the blood, which is an adaptation to the low-oxygen environment. (Drawn by HKBU student Hu Juntong)
29 Mar 2021
A study led by scientists at Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has decoded the genomes of the deep-sea clam (Archivesica marissinica) and the chemoautotrophic bacteria (Candidatus Vesicomyosocius marissinica) that live in its gill epithelium cells. Through analysis of their genomic structures and profiling of their gene expression patterns, the research team revealed that symbiosis between the two partners enables the clams to thrive in extreme deep-sea environments.
26 Mar 2021
An ‘eat-me’ signal displayed on cell surfaces requires activation of a lipid-scrambling protein by a nuclear protein fragment.
25 Mar 2021
Professor David Matchar and his team from the Health Services and Systems Research (HSSR) Programme at Duke-NUS bagged two prestigious awards at the International Stroke Conference 2021, held virtually on 17-19 March, 2021.
25 Mar 2021
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Review of Scientific Instruments a newly developed atomic force microscopy approach for imaging biological samples and processes. The method offers higher frame rates and less disturbance of samples.
18 Mar 2021
A design concept changes how materials separate gaseous mixtures.
17 Mar 2021
Researchers improve their newly established quantum algorithm, bringing it to one-tenth the computational cost of Quantum Phase Estimation, and use it to directly calculate the vertical ionization energies of light atoms and molecules such as CO, O2, CN, F2, H2O, NH3 within 0.1 electron volts of precision.
14 Mar 2021
The Science Unit of Lingnan University (LU) in Hong Kong has reported a novel form of reproductive behaviour observed in a native frog species, Lau’s Leaf Litter Toad (Leptobrachella laui). Unconventionally, the female frog positions herself on top of the male, which is a reverse of the more usual mating arrangement.
11 Mar 2021
We invite science journalists around the globe to participate of the Global Science Journalism Survey 2021.
The Northern Pintail, a migratory duck
11 Mar 2021
Scientists have discovered a route of introduction for High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza Virus (HPAIV) H5N8 into Japan and, in parallel, have investigated the potential of two human anti-influenza drugs for the control of HPAI in birds.
10 Mar 2021
Researchers reveal the path of information received by the hippocampus. Using optogenetics during large-scale recordings of rat subiculum, they discovered that the subiculum distributes information from the hippocampus to 4 downstream regions of the brain. They observed that the theta and sharp-wave/ripples in the subiculum controlled information transmission with millisecond precision according to the target region. This provides the foundation for a comprehensive understanding of the hippocampal memory system.


26 Feb 2008
Phitsanulok, Thailand - This conference series helps worldwide researchers further their understanding and broad application of the digital ecosystem ideas, principles and architecture in industry, business, government, social science and other domain disciplines.
25 Feb 2008
Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India - This conference would attempt to identify, document & explore the issues, problems and challenges in Data Management.
13 Mar 2008
Ambala City, India - The event aims to amongst others --generate mass awareness and motivation among the budding professionals, researchers, entrepreneurs and all Govt. and Non- Govt. groups engaged in the field of environmental protection.
05 Mar 2008
Shanghai, China - This event provides the latest changes in policies & legislation, case studies from leading practitioners and theoretical knowledge from leading OHS academician in the Chemical and Petrochemical Industry across China and also Asia.
07 Feb 2008
Kharagpur, India - The event will not only bring together the various workgroups within India but also give them an opportunity to interact with international scientific community.
12 Oct 2008
Dalian, China - Under the auspices of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), the IBS series is held every four years on a different continent and recognized as the premier international biotechnology event.
07 Mar 2008
KL, Malaysia - The colloquium will provide an excellent platform for knowledge exchange between researchers, scientists, academicians and engineers working in the areas of automation, process, scientific research and analysis.
18 Jan 2008
Kolkata, India - The workshop aims at disseminating knowledge by experts in the fields of laser fundamentals, traditional and non-traditional materials processing.
09 Jan 2008
Jamshoro, Pakistan - The prime objective of the conference is to identify, report, and disseminate issues/problems in application of management in the field of Engineering of under developing countries with special reference to Pakistan. And also to come-up with the solutions and formulation of the strategies for future research directions.
13 Jan 2008
Phuket, Thailand - The focus of the 7th HiTACG Symposium will be to provide information on latest developments and commercial application of this technology.
19 Apr 2008
Shenzhen, China - This international event will focus on the cutting edge peptide and protein researches with the theme of Peptide & Protein Technology: From Concept to Market.
05 Jan 2008
New Delhi, India - The International Congress on Cellular and Molecular Biology will focus on life processes that are least understood.
20 Feb 2008
Tehran, Iran - The Conference will be along by several workshops in order to update participants on a series of topics about zeolites and related porous materials. An Exhibition and Post-Conference Field Trip is also scheduled for those interested to visit zeolite minerals resources.
19 Feb 2008
Tehran, Iran - The conference offers an opportunity to present and publish ongoing cutting-edge research, exchange of information and experiences in the rapidly developing fields of aerospace sciences, engineering and technology.
25 Feb 2008
It is envisaged that this scientific programme will serve as a platform for experts, policy makers and other Government officials to share experiences and chart appropriate course to promote the science centres as the agents of change in the developing world.
28 Jan 2008
Tokyo, Japan - This exclusive, customized partnering forum brings together biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies from North America, Europe and the Asia Pacific region.
11 Dec 2007
The third Global Knowledge Conference is a vital working platform for people and organizations who want to use Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to make a real difference in the world.
03 Jun 2008
Theme: Transformations and Embodiments in Southeast Asian Geographies: Changing Environments, People and Cultural Groups, Institutions and Landscapes
22 Dec 2007
A total of over 1300 presentations, 122 oral as well as interactive sessions, plenary sessions, technical sessions and numerous lectures attempted to address the theme of “Touching Humanity- Space for Improving Quality of Life”. The theme reflected the growing potential of space to contribute to human welfare across the globe.
27 Nov 2007
KL, Malaysia - *BioMalaysia 2007 Conference* will feature presentations by renowned speakers from various institutions and organisations in biotechnology fields regionally and internationally.
26 Nov 2007
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - W2W will be the largest waste and recycling industry trade show in Malaysia. It offers opportunity for any business, research organizations, governmental organizations and NGOs to witness the latest equipment and technology in this industry.
13 Nov 2007
Trieste, Italy. The 18th General Meeting of TWAS - The Academy of Sciences for the Developing World - will take place 13-14 November in Trieste, Italy. More than 180 scientists from 50 countries are expected to attend. Science and technology in Pakistan will be the main topic of discussion.
04 Dec 2007
Bali, Indonesia - The conference brings together representatives of over 180 countries to reach agreement on the various adaptation and mitigation strategies available.
15 Dec 2007
Singapore - The Asian Symposium on Computer Mathematics (ASCM) is a series of conferences which serves as a forum for participants to present original research, learn of research progress and developments, and exchange ideas and views on doing mathematics using computers.
26 Nov 2007
Bangalore, India - The major objective of ACFD is to provide a common forum for exchange of new ideas and experiences amongst the scientists and engineers from Asia as well as other parts of the globe, working on algorithms and applications of CFD.
16 Oct 2007
AIT’s Internet Education and Research Laboratory (intERLab) to host a 3-day workshop on the theme of "Internet Crime: Prevention, Detection and Investigation"
28 Nov 2007
Bangkok, Thailand - This is the first international conference on science education initiated by FASAS, AASA and IAP to provide an excellent opportunity for teachers, researchers and professionals in the fields of science.
16 Dec 2007
Taipei, Taiwan - The ATCM 2007 is an international conference that will continue addressing technology-based issues in all Mathematical Sciences.
10 Oct 2007
Seoul, S Korea - AsiaSim(Asia Simulation Conference) is an annual international conference to bring outstanding researchers together for presenting new expertise and experiences in the area of modeling and simulation, since 1999.
02 Nov 2007
Xiamen, China - This is a seminar in applied mathematics and scientific computing.


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Giants in history

Chinese electron microscopy specialist Li Fanghua (6 January 1932 – 24 January 2020) facilitated the high-resolution imaging of crystal structures by eliminating interference.
Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987), commonly referred to as the Birdman of India, was the first person to conduct systematic surveys of birds from across India.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Angelita Castro Kelly (1942-2015) was the first female Mission Operations Manager (MOM) of NASA. She spearheaded and supervised the Earth Observing System missions during its developmental stage.
Malaysia’s first astrophysicist, Mazlan binti Othman (born 11 December 1951) was instrumental in launching the country’s first microsatellite, and in sending Malaysia’s first astronaut, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, into space.
Known as Mr. Natural Rubber, chemist and researcher B. C. Shekhar (17 November 1929 – 6 September 2006) introduced a number of technical innovations that helped put Malaysia’s natural rubber industry on the world map.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
South Korean theoretical physicist Daniel Chonghan Hong (3 March 1956 – 6 July 2002) achieved fame in the public sphere through his research into the physics of popcorn.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Chinese palaeontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Pei Wenzhong (January 19, 1904 – September 18, 1982) is regarded as a founder of Chinese anthropology.
Physicist Narinder Singh Kapany (31 October 1926 – 4 December 2020) pioneered the use of optical fibres to transmit images, and founded several optical technology companies. Born in Punjab, India, he worked at a local optical instruments factory before moving to London for PhD studies at Imperial College. There, he devised a flexible fibrescope to convey images along bundles of glass fibres.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Charles Kuen Kao (Nov. 4, 1933 to Sept. 23, 2018) was an engineer who is regarded as the father of fibre optics. His work in the 1960s on long distance signal transmission using very pure glass fibres revolutionized telecommunications, enabling innovations such as the Internet.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Meghnad Saha (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was an Indian astrophysicist best known for formulating the Saha ionization equation which describes the chemical and physical properties of stars.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a scientist and inventor who contributed to a wide range of scientific fields such as physics, botany and biology.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian astrophysicist who studied the structure and evolution of stars.
Joo-myung Seok (November 13, 1908 – October 6, 1950) was a Korean butterfly entomologist who made important contributions to the taxonomy of the native butterfly species in Korea.
Mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani (12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was the first and only woman and Iranian to date to win the Fields Medal in 2014 for her work on curved surfaces.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who performed ground-breaking research in the field of light-scattering.
Mohammad Abdus Salam (29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996) was a theoretical physicist and the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was a math prodigy and widely considered one of India’s greatest mathematicians. Despite having almost no formal training in mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) is best known for developing the Ramachandran plot to understand the structure of short chains of amino acids, known as peptides.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Chien-Shiung Wu (31 May 1912 – 16 February 1997) was an experimental physicist who made several important contributions to nuclear physics. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project – a top-secret program for the production of nuclear weapons during World War II and helped to develop a process for separating uranium into U235 and U238.
Meemann Chang (born 17 April 1936) is a Chinese palaeontologist who studied the fossils of ancient fish to understand the evolution of life. By examining fossils, she uncovered new insights on how vertebrates, animals with a backbone, migrated from the sea and became adapted to live on land.
Bibha Chowdhuri (1913 – 2 June 1991) was an Indian physicist who researched on particle physics and cosmic rays. In 1936, she was the only female to complete a M.Sc. degree at the University of Calcutta.
Lin Lanying (7 February 1918 – 4 March 2003) was a Chinese material engineer remembered for her contributions to the field of semiconductor and aerospace materials. Lanying was born into a family who did not believe in educating girls and she was not allowed to go to school.
Japanese geochemist Katsuko Saruhashi developed the first method and tools for measuring carbon dioxide in seawater