Science

News

29 Sep 2021
A research team led by scientists at Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has developed a novel cell sensor with a barcode-like micro-channel structure that enables rapid and low-cost screening of drug-resistant bacteria. The invention could potentially be used on a large-scale in resource-limited situations such as frequent safety screenings of water, food and public facilities, as well as urgent surveys of massive samples during an infectious disease outbreak, particularly in developing countries.
28 Sep 2021
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Science Advances a new method for distinguishing between enantiomers, molecules that are mirror images of each other. The procedure, relevant for the pharmaceutical industry, involves the chemical reaction of target enantiomers with color indicator compounds consisting of one-handed helical polymers, leading to solutions showing different colors in specific solvents between the enantiomers.
27 Sep 2021
Giants in History: Rajeshwari Chatterjee (24 January 1922 – 3 September 2010) was the first female engineer from Karnataka in India. Chatterjee earned a Master’s degree and doctoral degree from the University of Michigan on a scholarship awarded by the Delhi government
27 Sep 2021
Dell Technologies Malaysia (Dell) and Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) have signed a two-year Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in a milestone industry-academia move to produce more industry-ready graduates. The MoU provides a platform for Dell and USM to work hand-in-hand to groom and equip USM undergraduates to be highly employable graduates under the USM LIFE Programme, a new academic initiative that advocates creative and experiential learning.
Answering a century-old question on the origins of life
27 Sep 2021
The missing link isn’t a not-yet-discovered fossil, after all. It’s a tiny, self-replicating globule called a coacervate droplet, developed by two researchers in Japan to represent the evolution of chemistry into biology.
Dr Albert Ko, Director of the Lingnan Entrepreneurship Initiative (right), and Mr Brian Katona, System Engineer of the Lingnan Entrepreneurship Initiative (left).
24 Sep 2021
The Lingnan Entrepreneurship Initiative (LEI) of Lingnan University (LU) in Hong Kong has developed the CREW Wheelchair Control System which intelligently predicts a carer’s intentions so as to better control a wheelchair, improving the safety of both wheelchair users and carers. The research team recently won the Gold award at the international MUSE Design Awards, and has already filed patent applications in Hong Kong and Mainland for this ground-breaking system.
24 Sep 2021
An algorithm that detects events occurring across different time and geographical scales on social media could enable a more timely response to emerging events.
Figure 1. Total soluble solids (TSS) (A), cell turgor (B), osmotic pressure determined by the vapor pressure method (C), vapor pressure method-based calculated water potential (D), osmotic pressure determined by the freezing point method (E) and freezing point method-based calculated water potential (F) in each tissue in the watercored apple fruit.
23 Sep 2021
Single cell analyses reveal hidden turgor-associated metabolic changes and water flow across the flesh in watercored apples
16 Sep 2021
Inspired by a kind of tree leaf, scientists at City University of Hong Kong (CityU) discovered that the spreading direction of different liquids deposited on the same surface can be steered, solving a challenge that has remained for over two centuries. This breakthrough could ignite a new wave of using 3D surface structures for intelligent liquid manipulation with profound implications for various scientific and industrial applications, such as fluidics design and heat transfer enhancement.
The chemical structure and solids crystals of calix[3]pyrrole (Photo: Inokuma Laboratory).
16 Sep 2021
A new approach leads to the long-awaited formation of rings made of three pyrroles, which could be used to produce compounds with a host of interesting properties, and explains why they have not been observed before.
15 Sep 2021
Using the lamprey, researchers from Japan analyzed the photosensory mechanism of the pineal organ, also called the pineal gland, in non-mammalian vertebrates and discovered a novel mechanism of pineal color discrimination (two-cell system) in which two types of photoreceptor cells, each containing two different opsins, are used to detect color. This discovery may provide insight into the evolution of color detection in other animals, including color vision in humans.
15 Sep 2021
New research published in Stem Cell Reports has found elevated cholesterol supply from astrocytes to neurons in the model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains, suggesting that modulating brain cholesterol could be explored in the search of treatment options for the devastating, degenerative disease.
14 Sep 2021
Researchers from The University of Tokyo assimilated satellite observations of water vapor isotopes into a weather forecasting model and found that forecast accuracy was improved by several percentage points
the optical clearing process of a brain tissue to visualize the 3D vascular network in fluorescence imaging
14 Sep 2021
When it comes to cancer, clarity is key. The ability to visualize cancerous tumors and metastatic tissue three dimensionally (3D) can help clinicians diagnose the precise type and stage of cancer, while also informing the best treatment methods. To obtain an even clearer tissue for imaging, a research team based in Japan has tested the effectiveness of specialized hydrogels. Acting as a 3D molecular network, these hydrogels can rapidly remove fats from tissues, which are a factor in tissue opacification, without losing their structure. The material is used in several biomedical devices, including contact lenses.
14 Sep 2021
The Lingnan Entrepreneurship Initiative (LEI) of Lingnan University has received two Gold awards at the MUSE Design Award in the category Conceptual Design for their “CREW Wheelchair Control System” and “12° Mask” respectively.
Asia research News - Editor's Choice
10 Sep 2021
Magnetic patterns in meteorites, Treating mitochondrial diseases, underwater sensors and a broad COVID-19 vaccine in the September Editor's Choice. Plus, what's it like to communicate vaccine research in a pandemic and Asia Research News 2022.
09 Sep 2021
Researchers succeed in the direct bonding of diamond and gallium nitride (GaN) at room temperature and demonstrate that the bond can withstand heat treatments of 1,000℃, making it ideal for the high temperature fabrication process of GaN-based devices. GaN-on-diamond semiconductor material will allow for the next generation of high power, high frequency devices.
07 Sep 2021
Recreating major pathological features of Parkinson’s disease in a lab-grown, human mini-brain will help researchers to explore new treatments. This is the first time that Lewy bodies, a hallmark of Parkinson’s disease in patients’ brains, have been produced in the laboratory, offering new insights into the disease.
06 Sep 2021
A synthetic CDK4/6 inhibitor exerts antitumor effects by forcing RB1 tumor-suppressor into an active status, but its single administration is not sufficiently effective. We find its combinatorial administration with an IKKβ inhibitor is significantly more effective in hepatocellular carcinoma treatment. Also, blockage of the IKK-NF-κB or AKT pathway enhances its effects on RB1-intact K-Ras mutated lung and colon cancers. CDK4/6 inhibitors have potential to treat various RB1-intact cancers when combined with an appropriate kinase inhibitor.
Professor Toshifumi Satoh, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University
06 Sep 2021
Professor Toshifumi Satoh of Hokkaido University’s Graduate School of Engineering has taken up the challenge to create “Smart synthetic method.” Satoh and his colleagues proposed the idea of “Smart synthesis,” which aims to minimize the use of harmful chemicals and solvents for cleaner and more sustainable polymeric synthesis.
06 Sep 2021
Neuroscientists develop a new approach to better understand the neural mechanism underlying deductive and inductive reasoning
03 Sep 2021
Carthamin’s usage as dye dates back to ancient Egypt. But scientists only discovered its chemical structure in 2019. Now, a collaborative group of researchers has identified the genes required for the biosynthesis of carthamin.
02 Sep 2021
Researchers at Kanazawa University describe in Scientific Reports the identification of small compounds that can regulate the cellular production of extracellular vesicles — nanocontainers transporting biomolecules between cells. Such compounds hold promise for use in therapies for various diseases.
02 Sep 2021
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences how a protein molecular motor can chop off a piece of cell membrane. The constrict-and-cut mechanism resembles that of a ratchet motor, and is of importance in processes mediating the entry of particles into cells.
02 Sep 2021
Researchers have developed a general quantum algorithm that can directly calculate the energy difference of an atom and molecule using a quantum computer. By avoiding the need to calculate the total molecular energies, the general algorithm is expected to be applied not only to quantum chemical calculations but also to various physical and mathematical problems, which are intractable with nowadays classical computers.
02 Sep 2021
Written by contributors ranging from world leading experts and researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) and Nanyang Technological University (NTU), 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing of Electronics: Principles and Applications is designed to be a one-stop guide for anyone interested in the 3D printing of electronics.
01 Sep 2021
Prof. Jae Youn Hwang's team, DGIST, develops deep learning technology to segment buildings from aerial images
01 Sep 2021
Scientists from South Korea add foreign atoms to monolayer graphene in a controlled manner to selectively enhance its desirable properties
26 Aug 2021
A multi-functional, small molecule can tag mutant genetic sequences inside mitochondria for removal.
26 Aug 2021
Prof. Jong-Soo Lee, DGIST, succeeded in developing green-emitting Cd-Free quantum dot synthesis technology with high color reproduction capability

Events

26 Feb 2008
Phitsanulok, Thailand - This conference series helps worldwide researchers further their understanding and broad application of the digital ecosystem ideas, principles and architecture in industry, business, government, social science and other domain disciplines.
25 Feb 2008
Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India - This conference would attempt to identify, document & explore the issues, problems and challenges in Data Management.
13 Mar 2008
Ambala City, India - The event aims to amongst others --generate mass awareness and motivation among the budding professionals, researchers, entrepreneurs and all Govt. and Non- Govt. groups engaged in the field of environmental protection.
05 Mar 2008
Shanghai, China - This event provides the latest changes in policies & legislation, case studies from leading practitioners and theoretical knowledge from leading OHS academician in the Chemical and Petrochemical Industry across China and also Asia.
07 Feb 2008
Kharagpur, India - The event will not only bring together the various workgroups within India but also give them an opportunity to interact with international scientific community.
12 Oct 2008
Dalian, China - Under the auspices of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), the IBS series is held every four years on a different continent and recognized as the premier international biotechnology event.
07 Mar 2008
KL, Malaysia - The colloquium will provide an excellent platform for knowledge exchange between researchers, scientists, academicians and engineers working in the areas of automation, process, scientific research and analysis.
18 Jan 2008
Kolkata, India - The workshop aims at disseminating knowledge by experts in the fields of laser fundamentals, traditional and non-traditional materials processing.
09 Jan 2008
Jamshoro, Pakistan - The prime objective of the conference is to identify, report, and disseminate issues/problems in application of management in the field of Engineering of under developing countries with special reference to Pakistan. And also to come-up with the solutions and formulation of the strategies for future research directions.
13 Jan 2008
Phuket, Thailand - The focus of the 7th HiTACG Symposium will be to provide information on latest developments and commercial application of this technology.
19 Apr 2008
Shenzhen, China - This international event will focus on the cutting edge peptide and protein researches with the theme of Peptide & Protein Technology: From Concept to Market.
05 Jan 2008
New Delhi, India - The International Congress on Cellular and Molecular Biology will focus on life processes that are least understood.
20 Feb 2008
Tehran, Iran - The Conference will be along by several workshops in order to update participants on a series of topics about zeolites and related porous materials. An Exhibition and Post-Conference Field Trip is also scheduled for those interested to visit zeolite minerals resources.
19 Feb 2008
Tehran, Iran - The conference offers an opportunity to present and publish ongoing cutting-edge research, exchange of information and experiences in the rapidly developing fields of aerospace sciences, engineering and technology.
25 Feb 2008
It is envisaged that this scientific programme will serve as a platform for experts, policy makers and other Government officials to share experiences and chart appropriate course to promote the science centres as the agents of change in the developing world.
28 Jan 2008
Tokyo, Japan - This exclusive, customized partnering forum brings together biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies from North America, Europe and the Asia Pacific region.
11 Dec 2007
The third Global Knowledge Conference is a vital working platform for people and organizations who want to use Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to make a real difference in the world.
03 Jun 2008
Theme: Transformations and Embodiments in Southeast Asian Geographies: Changing Environments, People and Cultural Groups, Institutions and Landscapes
22 Dec 2007
A total of over 1300 presentations, 122 oral as well as interactive sessions, plenary sessions, technical sessions and numerous lectures attempted to address the theme of “Touching Humanity- Space for Improving Quality of Life”. The theme reflected the growing potential of space to contribute to human welfare across the globe.
27 Nov 2007
KL, Malaysia - *BioMalaysia 2007 Conference* will feature presentations by renowned speakers from various institutions and organisations in biotechnology fields regionally and internationally.
26 Nov 2007
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - W2W will be the largest waste and recycling industry trade show in Malaysia. It offers opportunity for any business, research organizations, governmental organizations and NGOs to witness the latest equipment and technology in this industry.
13 Nov 2007
Trieste, Italy. The 18th General Meeting of TWAS - The Academy of Sciences for the Developing World - will take place 13-14 November in Trieste, Italy. More than 180 scientists from 50 countries are expected to attend. Science and technology in Pakistan will be the main topic of discussion.
04 Dec 2007
Bali, Indonesia - The conference brings together representatives of over 180 countries to reach agreement on the various adaptation and mitigation strategies available.
15 Dec 2007
Singapore - The Asian Symposium on Computer Mathematics (ASCM) is a series of conferences which serves as a forum for participants to present original research, learn of research progress and developments, and exchange ideas and views on doing mathematics using computers.
26 Nov 2007
Bangalore, India - The major objective of ACFD is to provide a common forum for exchange of new ideas and experiences amongst the scientists and engineers from Asia as well as other parts of the globe, working on algorithms and applications of CFD.
16 Oct 2007
AIT’s Internet Education and Research Laboratory (intERLab) to host a 3-day workshop on the theme of "Internet Crime: Prevention, Detection and Investigation"
28 Nov 2007
Bangkok, Thailand - This is the first international conference on science education initiated by FASAS, AASA and IAP to provide an excellent opportunity for teachers, researchers and professionals in the fields of science.
16 Dec 2007
Taipei, Taiwan - The ATCM 2007 is an international conference that will continue addressing technology-based issues in all Mathematical Sciences.
10 Oct 2007
Seoul, S Korea - AsiaSim(Asia Simulation Conference) is an annual international conference to bring outstanding researchers together for presenting new expertise and experiences in the area of modeling and simulation, since 1999.
02 Nov 2007
Xiamen, China - This is a seminar in applied mathematics and scientific computing.

Researchers

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Giants in history

Chinese biochemist Chi Che Wang (1894 - 1979), one of the first Chinese women to study abroad, advanced to prominent research positions at American institutions including the University of Chicago and the Northwestern University Medical School.
Ruby Sakae Hirose (1904 – 1960) was a Japanese-American scientist whose research contributed significantly to our understanding of blood clotting, allergies and cancer.
Chinese electron microscopy specialist Li Fanghua (6 January 1932 – 24 January 2020) facilitated the high-resolution imaging of crystal structures by eliminating interference.
Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987), commonly referred to as the Birdman of India, was the first person to conduct systematic surveys of birds from across India.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Angelita Castro Kelly (1942-2015) was the first female Mission Operations Manager (MOM) of NASA. She spearheaded and supervised the Earth Observing System missions during its developmental stage.
Malaysia’s first astrophysicist, Mazlan binti Othman (born 11 December 1951) was instrumental in launching the country’s first microsatellite, and in sending Malaysia’s first astronaut, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, into space.
Known as Mr. Natural Rubber, chemist and researcher B. C. Shekhar (17 November 1929 – 6 September 2006) introduced a number of technical innovations that helped put Malaysia’s natural rubber industry on the world map.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
South Korean theoretical physicist Daniel Chonghan Hong (3 March 1956 – 6 July 2002) achieved fame in the public sphere through his research into the physics of popcorn.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Chinese palaeontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Pei Wenzhong (January 19, 1904 – September 18, 1982) is regarded as a founder of Chinese anthropology.
Physicist Narinder Singh Kapany (31 October 1926 – 4 December 2020) pioneered the use of optical fibres to transmit images, and founded several optical technology companies. Born in Punjab, India, he worked at a local optical instruments factory before moving to London for PhD studies at Imperial College. There, he devised a flexible fibrescope to convey images along bundles of glass fibres.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Charles Kuen Kao (Nov. 4, 1933 to Sept. 23, 2018) was an engineer who is regarded as the father of fibre optics. His work in the 1960s on long distance signal transmission using very pure glass fibres revolutionized telecommunications, enabling innovations such as the Internet.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Meghnad Saha (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was an Indian astrophysicist best known for formulating the Saha ionization equation which describes the chemical and physical properties of stars.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a scientist and inventor who contributed to a wide range of scientific fields such as physics, botany and biology.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian astrophysicist who studied the structure and evolution of stars.
Joo-myung Seok (November 13, 1908 – October 6, 1950) was a Korean butterfly entomologist who made important contributions to the taxonomy of the native butterfly species in Korea.
Mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani (12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was the first and only woman and Iranian to date to win the Fields Medal in 2014 for her work on curved surfaces.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who performed ground-breaking research in the field of light-scattering.
Mohammad Abdus Salam (29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996) was a theoretical physicist and the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was a math prodigy and widely considered one of India’s greatest mathematicians. Despite having almost no formal training in mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) is best known for developing the Ramachandran plot to understand the structure of short chains of amino acids, known as peptides.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Chien-Shiung Wu (31 May 1912 – 16 February 1997) was an experimental physicist who made several important contributions to nuclear physics. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project – a top-secret program for the production of nuclear weapons during World War II and helped to develop a process for separating uranium into U235 and U238.
Meemann Chang (born 17 April 1936) is a Chinese palaeontologist who studied the fossils of ancient fish to understand the evolution of life. By examining fossils, she uncovered new insights on how vertebrates, animals with a backbone, migrated from the sea and became adapted to live on land.
Bibha Chowdhuri (1913 – 2 June 1991) was an Indian physicist who researched on particle physics and cosmic rays. In 1936, she was the only female to complete a M.Sc. degree at the University of Calcutta.
Lin Lanying (7 February 1918 – 4 March 2003) was a Chinese material engineer remembered for her contributions to the field of semiconductor and aerospace materials. Lanying was born into a family who did not believe in educating girls and she was not allowed to go to school.
Japanese geochemist Katsuko Saruhashi developed the first method and tools for measuring carbon dioxide in seawater