Science

News

08 Dec 2023
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences a computational method to predict the placement of proteins on AFM substrates based on electrostatic interactions.
04 Dec 2023
TAIPEI, TAIWAN──For the first time, it is possible to follow, step-by-step and with atomic resolution, what happens when the enzyme DNA photolyase repairs ultraviolet light-induced DNA damage. An international team of researchers led by Academia Sinica, Taiwan, has taken snapshots of the repair process with extremely high time resolution and combined them into a film sequence. The research was published in the scientific journal Science on December 1, 2023.
Deep-sea hydrothermal vent 'Crab Spa'
30 Nov 2023
A new bacterial species discovered at the deep-sea hydrothermal vent site ‘Crab Spa’ provides a deeper understanding of bacterial evolution.
29 Nov 2023
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Science Advances how they can accelerate and decelerate chirality inversion in large cage molecules using alkali metal ion binding.
22 Nov 2023
Osaka Metropolitan University researchers and their colleagues have successfully detected an ultra-high-energy cosmic ray with an energy level comparable to the most energetic cosmic ray ever observed. The cosmic ray is set to be named after the Japanese sun goddess, Amaterasu. No promising astronomical object has been identified in the direction from which this cosmic ray originated, implying the potential existence of unknown astronomical phenomena and novel physical origins beyond the Standard Model.
Thermo-/mechano-chromism originating from monomer-dimer transformation
20 Nov 2023
This paper highlights the underexplored potential of chiral self-sorting in the design of switchable and metastable discrete supramolecular structures.
17 Nov 2023
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Nature Communications how they can control chirality inversion in α helical peptides.
16 Nov 2023
… all while discovering how the Universe evolved, how galaxies form and where the elements come from.
16 Nov 2023
The winners of the Applied Microbiology International Horizon Awards were announced at the prestigious Environmental Microbiology lecture 2023, held at BMA House in London on November 16.
Camera trap photo of Attenborough’s long-beaked echidna
10 Nov 2023
Expedition led by Indonesian NGO YAPPENDA with Cenderawasih University students finds two species lost to science: Attenborough’s long-beaked echidna—one of Re:wild’s most wanted lost species—and Mayr’s honeyeater.
09 Nov 2023
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Cancer Research how Kras and p53 mutations influence the tumor suppressor and promoter functions of a TGF- ß pathway. The findings may lead to a new approach for colorectal cancer therapy.
08 Nov 2023
Applied Microbiology International (AMI) has launched its reviewer training scheme for the journal Letters in Applied Microbiology (LAM), building upon its development opportunities for early career scientists in journal publishing.
07 Nov 2023
SINGAPORE, November 7, 2023 – TechInnovation 2023, IPI's flagship event and a premier technology-matching platform, successfully concluded on Thursday, 2 November 2023, profoundly impacting audiences with insights into Sustainability, Health & Well-being, and AI in Healthcare. Over 5,000 people registered to attend TechInnovation, which brought together industry leaders, innovators, and technology experts alike to share and discover opportunities to partner and collaborate to create a sustainable future.
07 Nov 2023
Microscopes usually use backscattered radiation to create images, but a research group from the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, is developing an all-new method to study materials using the faint light they emit, generated by heat
06 Nov 2023
Almost every large galaxy has a supermassive black hole at its center. An international research team has recently observed the Circinus galaxy, which is one of the closest galaxies to the Milky Way, with high enough resolution to gain further insights into the gas flows to and from the black hole at its galactic nucleus.
06 Nov 2023
Researchers at the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo study the quantum mechanical phenomenon known as vacuum fluctuations using a nanoscale hybrid device, which may lead to ultrasensitive quantum sensors or information processors.
01 Nov 2023
Osaka University and NEC Corporation are jointly developing a data infrastructure called RED-ONION to accelerate open science by reducing the burden on researchers to record the research process, share research data and publish them on the data aggregation platform. They are currently engaged in the R & D of three elemental technologies: (1) Technology to integrate a data aggregation platform and data publication platform, (2) Technology to generate research process information on supercomputers, and (3) A high-speed data transmission function. These research results will be showcased at the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage, and Analysis (SC23) scheduled to be held from November 12 to 17, 2023 in Denver, Colorado.
27 Oct 2023
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters high-speed atomic force microscopy studies that shed light on the possible role of the open reading frame 6 (ORF6) protein COVID19 symptoms.
Pair-bonded Java sparrows examined in the study. (Photo: Soma Lab)
25 Oct 2023
Pair-bonded Java sparrows show enlarged eye rings to signal breeding readiness.
20 Oct 2023
A huge step forward in the evolution of perovskite solar cells recorded by researchers at City University of Hong Kong (CityU) will have significant implications for renewable energy development. The CityU innovation paves the way for commercialising perovskite solar cells, bringing us closer to an energy-efficient future powered by sustainable sources.
20 Oct 2023
New perspective argues pursuing fair AI for healthcare requires cross-disciplinary collaboration to translate methods into real-world benefits.
18 Oct 2023
Thirty-eight scholars of The Education University of Hong Kong (EdUHK) were named among the top 2% most-cited scientists in the world, in the latest annual rankings published by Stanford University.
16 Oct 2023
The shortlist for the Applied Microbiology International Awards 2023 has now been announced. The AMI Awards programme is designed to celebrate the brightest minds in our field and promote the research, group, projects, products and individuals who continue to help shape the future of applied microbiology.
16 Oct 2023
New research reveals how disrupted energy production in the kidneys contributes to progressive kidney disease in diabetes.
16 Oct 2023
The latest ‘large language model’ artificial intelligence system, GPT-4, could aid chemistry researchers, but limitations reveal the need for improvements.
12 Oct 2023
Osaka Metropolitan University scientists, in cooperation with researchers from the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, have captured cosmic-ray extensive air showers with unprecedented precision using the prime-focus wide field camera mounted on the Subaru Telescope, situated atop Mauna Kea in Hawaii. Analyzing approximately 17,000 images captured between 2014 and 2020, they pinpointed 13 images containing extensive air showers, with a number of particle tracks far exceeding the usual count.
12 Oct 2023
Researchers from Osaka University developed wirelessly powered soil moisture sensing technology that will help meet the needs of sustainable precision agriculture. Both the soil moisture content and the position of each sensor are readily detected and transmitted, even at high sensor densities. The sensors are largely biodegradable and can be tilled into the soil at the end of the crop season. This work might help farmers allocate resources to cropland in a timely, targeted manner.
12 Oct 2023
Researchers from the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, synthesize a two-center zinc complex that absorbs visible light as a solid and in solution.
Asia Research News Editors Choice
05 Oct 2023
Hunting for supermassive black holes, Coastal survival at risk, Calcium and dead cell clean-up, Two naps are better than one & Pineapple leaf prosthetics. Read all in the latest Editor's Choice.
An acoel (top) with two types of symbionts collected in Kochi, Japan (bottom left). The green-colored spots in the acoel are green algal (Tetraselmis) symbionts (middle right) and the brown-colored spots are dinoflagellate symbionts (bottom right). (Photos: Kevin Wakeman and Siratee Riewluang)
05 Oct 2023
Acoels have been found to host a wide diversity of symbiotic, photosynthetic microalgae.

Events

27 Sep 2016
Global leaders in healthcare and medicine will meet in Beijing, China, later this month to tackle a pressing question: How do we promote and maintain good health and well-being for a growing global population?
21 Feb 2017
In this international conference, knowledge and experiences on mainstreaming Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management (INREM) in sustainable development will be shared among academics, researchers, and practitioners in environment and natural resources management.
07 Nov 2016
The Frontiers in Cancer Science (FCS) 2016, our 8th annual conference, is jointly organized by the 6 major institutes in Singapore. Converging the latest cancer discoveries around the world, the meeting promises groundbreaking and innovative insights into cancer research.
26 Nov 2016
Breakthrough to Excellence and Develop Worldwide Opportunities! Welcome to APFCB 2016 in Taipei, Taiwan!
24 Oct 2016
PVSEC-26 will be held from 24-28 October 2016 in Singapore at the Sands Expo and Convention Centre. The main objective of the Conference is to give all PV communities a platform to present their latest findings in their area of expertise mainly at the scientific level, along with topics covering product development, new products and market trends.
13 Oct 2016
Select Bio and the Diagnostics Development Hub, part of Exploit Technologies Pte. Ltd. present Singapore’s Diagnostics Summit 2016
04 Oct 2016
Introducing the Second Annual Bioimaging Asia, taking place at Academia, within the Singapore General Hospital Campus, Singapore, 4-5 October 2016.
05 Dec 2016
SELECTBIO and the Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech), are pleased to present the Fourth Annual Lab-on-a-Chip Asia Conference and Exhibition, taking place at Academia, within the Singapore General Hospital Campus.
27 Jul 2016
This year, we will hold its second symposium to further seek novel molecules and materials for dissecting and controlling mechano-nanoarchitectonics of life. Presentations in the symposium are made by a wide variety of speakers from material science, sensors and actuators, mechanochemistry, interfacial sciences, and of course biology.
30 Jun 2016
A conference organized by the World Association for Scientific Research and Technical Innovation (WASRTI)
30 Jun 2016
The conference is organized by the World Association for Scientific Research and Technical Innovation (WASRTI).
26 Jun 2016
On behalf of the ISEE-ISES AC2016 Sapporo organizing committees, it is great pleasure to welcome you to the 5th ISEE Asia Chapter and the first joint symposium of ISEE and ISES, Asia chapter. The program theme is “Environment, Health, and Sustainable Society” and will be held in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan on June 26-29th, 2016.
13 Jun 2016
The First International Symposium on Advanced Soft Matter: Celebrating the Kick-off of the Global Station for Soft Matter, GI-CoRE, Hokkaido University, Japan.
10 Oct 2016
AsiaNANO 2016 is the 8th in the series of Asian Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology held in Sapporo, Japan.
18 Oct 2016
Malaysia Technical Scientist Association and Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia will collaborate to organize "2016 International Conference on Herbal Science, Technology & Medicine" to be held in Krabi, Thailand from October 18 -20, 2016.
10 May 2016
International Food and Tourism, Innovation, Invention & Creativity (iFaTIIC2016) is the 1st International Exhibition and Competition organised by Faculty of Hotel and Tourism Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Puncak Alam Campus.
07 Apr 2016
This event which will be held in Taipei, Taiwan, will focus on an exciting area of research: Liquid (biofluid) biopsy development driven by circulating biomarkers such as circulating nucleic acids, circulating extracellular vesicles (such as exosomes) and circulating tumor cells (CTCs).
26 May 2016
Select Biosciences South East Asia is pleased to present Genomic Applications of qPCR, dPCR & NGS.
26 May 2016
SELECTBIO takes great pleasure in inviting you all to attend its Inaugural International Conference “Advanced Diagnostics 2016” scheduled to be held on May 26-27, 2016 at Sheraton Grand Bangalore Hotel at Brigade Gateway, Bengaluru, India.
26 May 2016
SELECTBIO brings to you its International Conference “Biomarkers India 2016” scheduled on May 26-27, 2016 at Sheraton Grand Bangalore Hotel at Brigade Gateway, Bengaluru, India.
28 Feb 2016
Scientists from around the world will meet in Hermanus, near Cape Town, South Africa, from 28 February to 1 March 2016 to discuss how best science can guide sustainable development globally.
22 Mar 2016
The 9th annual Biopharma Asia Convention 2016 brings together C-level attendees from pharmas, biotecs and service providers to learn and discuss market trends and biologic development strategies. With 7 premium conference tracks, the event will cover the entire spectrum of the biopharma value chain.
09 Dec 2015
Science International 2015 launches a campaign for "Open Data in a Big Data World" at Science Forum South Africa in Pretoria
22 Jan 2016
The Nagoya Medal Award is awarded every year to two organic chemists who have made significant original contributions to the field. This year’s Gold Medal is awarded to Professor Stuart Schreiber of the HHMI, Broad Institute of MIT & Harvard, Harvard University, USA and the Silver Medal is awarded to Professor Zhaomin Hou of RIKEN, Japan.
10 Oct 2016
Theme: Challenges and Innovations in Pharmaceutical Sciences
17 Nov 2015
The 26th TWAS General Meeting will focus on science in sustainable development. About 300 High-level scientists, policymakers, educators and others from more than 50 nations in the developing and the developed world are expected to attend the invitation-only event.
24 Feb 2016
Select Biosciences South East Asia is pleased to present the Second Annual Clinical Applications of Stem Cells, taking place on the 24-25 February 2016.
04 Nov 2015
The region's largest Infocomm Media Technology commercialisation showcase and networking event is back in its 5th year, featuring over 60 booths of technologies and solutions from Singapore's Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), A*STAR licensees and partners, NRF, NTU, NUS, Kairos ASEAN, and SIAA.
16 Nov 2015
HIS'15 is the 15th International conference that brings together researchers, developers, practitioners, and users of soft computing, computational intelligence, agents, logic programming, and several other intelligent computing techniques.

Researchers

I do research on dysmennorrhoea and gender-based violence. I am a pioneer in registered clinical trials on indigenous and Ayurveda medicines in Sri Lanka. I have approval for a herbal preparation, for COVID patients.
Picture of Dr. Salina Parvin Banu
The knowledge and skills learned from The University of Sydney, Cornell University, CIMMTY, IRRI, TWAS, OWSD, running of international projects and presentation of research findings in multiple international congress/conferences – all helped not only to become the researcher today, but also motivated to become a research leader.
Nanyang Technological University
Picture of Xuejiao Zhao
Currently, Xuejiao Zhao is a Wallenberg-NTU Presidential Postdoctoral Fellow (PPF) at the LILY Research Centre, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore, working with Prof. Chunyan Miao. Her research interests are AI in Healthcare, Large Language Models, Knowledge Graphs, and Human-Computer Interaction. She spent her first year of PPF in RPL, KTH Royal Institute of Technology working with Prof. Danica Kragic. She obtained her DPhil (i.e. PhD) in the School of Computer Science and Engineering at NTU under the supervision of Prof. Chunyan Miao and Prof. Zhenchang Xing.
Picture of Dawn Tan
Assoc Prof Tan leads the Photonics Devices and Systems Group at Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD). Her interest lies in experimental optical physics, pertaining to the study of both nonlinear and linear optical phenomena, nanophotonics and quantum optics. One of the potential applications of her research is enhancing the transmission of data via the Internet by improving reliability and lowering costs.
Picture of Yang Huiying
Assoc Prof Yang and her research team from SUTD conducts research into water desalination as well as energy storage simultaneously. She developed a low dimensional nanomaterial to desalinate ocean water using a process of hybrid capacitive deionization. This process, allows for the processing of desalinated water more efficiently while also providing low-cost energy storage.
After spending three years of my life in the field of science communication, somewhere I found a bit shortage of women in the field of science. There could be more women in science if we support them. Working in the field of awareness and communication especially areas related to women. Disseminating science through various media including science communication through cartoons. I found communicating important aspects through popular science articles to be most fascinating.
Since September 2023, I am a researcher at Mainz University, Germany. Before that, I was an Assistant Professor of the Physics Department at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Science (IASBS), Zanjan, Iran since Dec. 2015. However, in September 2012, I resigned from my faculty position in support of the "Woman, Life, Freedom" protest in Iran and now I am an exiled scholar. I have been a Junior Associate of the International Center of Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy since January 2017 and a TWAS Young Affiliate member since 2018. I was a visiting researcher at ICTP-SAIFR, São Paulo, Brazil (June - Nov. 2015) under the TWAS fellowship, and also a Post-Doctoral fellow of the School of Physics in the Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM) Tehran, Iran (Oct. 2012 - May 2015). I finished my Ph.D. in the Physics Department of Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Germany in Aug. 2012. I did also a one-year Postgraduate Diploma Programme of ICTP (2007-2008) in High Energy Physics.
Picture of Dr. Hasibun Naher
Dr. Hasibun Naher is a mathematician working on numerical models related to natural disasters including storm surges, tsunami simulation, earthquakes, and energy. She is also interested in issues related to women in STEM, active learning, sustainable mathematics education and sustainable development using mathematical modeling,
Picture of Huê-Tâm Jamme
My research focuses on the intersection between mobility, public space, and technological innovation. One of my current projects explores the role of the gig economy for women’s empowerment in Cambodia, Myanmar, and Thailand. I am especially curious to see how home-based gig work relate street vending, a typically women-based activity.
Nanyang Technological University
Picture of Sravya Tekumalla
Dr. Sravya Tekumalla is currently a Principal Investigator in Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, where she works as a Presidential Postdoctoral Fellow. In addition, she also leads a small team of staff and students working in the domain of metal additive manufacturing (commonly known as 3D printing).
Tohoku University
Image of Professor Hirano-Iwata
I am a leading expert in the reconstruction of an artificial cell membrane as a novel system for screening side effects of drugs on the heart. This system can assess the potential risks of drugs that unintentionally interfere with the function of membrane proteins in the heart muscle.
Nagoya University
Professor Kazuaki Ishihara leads the laboratory of catalysis in organic synthesis at the Department of Molecular & Macromolecular Chemistry, Nagoya University, Japan.
Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Associate Professor Sitti Raehanah Muhamad Shaleh is the director of Borneo Marine Research Institute at Universiti Malaysia Sabah.
So Yeon Leem is a professor at Sookmyung Women’s University, South Korea, and an expert in Women in STEM and cosmetic surgery practices in the country.
Dr Anisa Qamar is a professor in Physics in the Department of Physics, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. She is also the President of Pakistan Physical Society.
Dr. SAHANA PRASAD
1. An Applied Statistician and Operation Research specialist with 35 years of experience in academic teaching, corporate consultancy, and professional training. 2. Conducted sessions for women and senior citizens on mental health and coping skills. 3. An awardee of the Statistical Capacity Building award by the World Bank. 4. Published technical articles in reputed journals as well as authored books and book chapters 5. Published author with nearly 3600 articles in leading newspapers and magazines in India.
Dr. Mamta Agrawal BSc. (Maths, Physics, Chemistry), MSc. (Mathematics), DCA (Diploma in computer applications) MCA (Masters in computer applications) PHD (Mathematics and Computational Biology) POST DOC (Mathematics and Computational Biology) completed two research projects: 1. WOS-A (DST New Delhi) 2. Indo-Austria research Projuect (DST-BMWF) Visited Abrod four countries Thiland, South Korea, Austria, Nepal Paper Pulication-18 ChpterPublication-1 Book Publication-1 Patent- going on
Hira Khalid is an associate professor at the Department of Chemistry of Forman Christian College University, Lahore, Pakistan.
Aparna B. Gunjal is a microbiologist at Dr. D.Y. Patil, Arts, Commerce & Science College, India.
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
Dr Heo is currently a senior lecturer at the Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
Ordered Functional Materials, like, COFs, COPs, CTFs for membrane applications (soft actuators and energy storage & conversion)
International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)
Diana is Assistant Professor and Ergonomics Trained Person at the Department of Psychology, International Islamic University Malaysia.
Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU)
Associate Professor at Hong Kong Baptist University researching hydroclimatology, climate extremes and water hazards.
De La Salle University
Michael Angelo Promentilla
Michael Angelo B. Promentilla is a Professor of Chemical Engineering and the head of the Waste and Resource Management Unit of the Center for Engineering and Sustainable Development Research (CESDR) at De La Salle University (DLSU).
Hokkaido University
Shinya Furukawa is an associate professor at the Institute for Catalysis, Hokkaido University, Japan.
Hokkaido University
A pioneering researcher in Systems Chemistry for autonomous behavior in multi-molecular systems. The interdisciplinary field of chemistry and physics can be contributes the development in micro-robotics and comprehension of origin-of-life.
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) at Kyoto University
My research background covers multidisciplinary fields such as Pharmaceutics, Cancer Nanomedicine, Bioengineering and Organ-on-a-chip platforms. My current research focuses on the development of dynamic biological barriers on a chip such as blinking human cornea on a chip.
Hokkaido University
Professor, Faculty of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)
Li Zhang is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering (MAE) and an associate faculty member in Chow Yuk Ho Technology Centre for Innovative Medicine (TIM) and T Stone Robotics Institute (CURI) at The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). He is also the co-director of CAS SIAT-CUHK Joint Laboratory of Robotics and Intelligent Systems.

Giants in history

Turkish astrophysicist Dilhan Eryurt (29 November 1926 – 13 September 2012) conducted research on how the sun affects environmental conditions on the moon.
Chinese biochemist Chi Che Wang (1894 - 1979), one of the first Chinese women to study abroad, advanced to prominent research positions at American institutions including the University of Chicago and the Northwestern University Medical School.
Ruby Sakae Hirose (1904 – 1960) was a Japanese-American scientist whose research contributed significantly to our understanding of blood clotting, allergies and cancer.
Chinese electron microscopy specialist Li Fanghua (6 January 1932 – 24 January 2020) facilitated the high-resolution imaging of crystal structures by eliminating interference.
Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987), commonly referred to as the Birdman of India, was the first person to conduct systematic surveys of birds from across India.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Angelita Castro Kelly (1942-2015) was the first female Mission Operations Manager (MOM) of NASA. She spearheaded and supervised the Earth Observing System missions during its developmental stage.
Malaysia’s first astrophysicist, Mazlan binti Othman (born 11 December 1951) was instrumental in launching the country’s first microsatellite, and in sending Malaysia’s first astronaut, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, into space.
Known as Mr. Natural Rubber, chemist and researcher B. C. Shekhar (17 November 1929 – 6 September 2006) introduced a number of technical innovations that helped put Malaysia’s natural rubber industry on the world map.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
South Korean theoretical physicist Daniel Chonghan Hong (3 March 1956 – 6 July 2002) achieved fame in the public sphere through his research into the physics of popcorn.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Chinese palaeontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Pei Wenzhong (January 19, 1904 – September 18, 1982) is regarded as a founder of Chinese anthropology.
Physicist Narinder Singh Kapany (31 October 1926 – 4 December 2020) pioneered the use of optical fibres to transmit images, and founded several optical technology companies. Born in Punjab, India, he worked at a local optical instruments factory before moving to London for PhD studies at Imperial College. There, he devised a flexible fibrescope to convey images along bundles of glass fibres.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Charles Kuen Kao (Nov. 4, 1933 to Sept. 23, 2018) was an engineer who is regarded as the father of fibre optics. His work in the 1960s on long distance signal transmission using very pure glass fibres revolutionized telecommunications, enabling innovations such as the Internet.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Meghnad Saha (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was an Indian astrophysicist best known for formulating the Saha ionization equation which describes the chemical and physical properties of stars.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a scientist and inventor who contributed to a wide range of scientific fields such as physics, botany and biology.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian astrophysicist who studied the structure and evolution of stars.
Joo-myung Seok (November 13, 1908 – October 6, 1950) was a Korean butterfly entomologist who made important contributions to the taxonomy of the native butterfly species in Korea.
Mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani (12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was the first and only woman and Iranian to date to win the Fields Medal in 2014 for her work on curved surfaces.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who performed ground-breaking research in the field of light-scattering.
Mohammad Abdus Salam (29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996) was a theoretical physicist and the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was a math prodigy and widely considered one of India’s greatest mathematicians. Despite having almost no formal training in mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) is best known for developing the Ramachandran plot to understand the structure of short chains of amino acids, known as peptides.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Chien-Shiung Wu (31 May 1912 – 16 February 1997) was an experimental physicist who made several important contributions to nuclear physics. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project – a top-secret program for the production of nuclear weapons during World War II and helped to develop a process for separating uranium into U235 and U238.
Meemann Chang (born 17 April 1936) is a Chinese palaeontologist who studied the fossils of ancient fish to understand the evolution of life. By examining fossils, she uncovered new insights on how vertebrates, animals with a backbone, migrated from the sea and became adapted to live on land.
Bibha Chowdhuri (1913 – 2 June 1991) was an Indian physicist who researched on particle physics and cosmic rays. In 1936, she was the only female to complete a M.Sc. degree at the University of Calcutta.
Lin Lanying (7 February 1918 – 4 March 2003) was a Chinese material engineer remembered for her contributions to the field of semiconductor and aerospace materials. Lanying was born into a family who did not believe in educating girls and she was not allowed to go to school.
Japanese geochemist Katsuko Saruhashi developed the first method and tools for measuring carbon dioxide in seawater