Science

News

03 Aug 2023
The researchers from Osaka University showed how bone erosion caused by cholesteatoma occurs. This study showed that a subset of cells called osteoclastogenic fibroblasts expresses a protein, activin A, which causes the breakdown of the bones. Because of this discovery, novel medical treatments can be developed as first-line management for cholesteatomas.
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02 Aug 2023
Soft metal-organic polymer networks can adsorb selected molecules from gas mixtures by opening pores when the molecules bind.
02 Aug 2023
Osaka Metropolitan University researchers have shown that within the helium-8 nucleus (with two protons and six neutrons), there are two clusters of two neutrons each, existing around the helium-4 core. Furthermore, they demonstrated the shape these clusters take. Nuclei with an imbalance of protons and neutrons, such as in helium-8, do not naturally exist on Earth but are believed to be abundantly generated in cosmic environments like the interiors of stars through the process of nucleosynthesis. This study’s findings provide new insights into the still largely unknown binding forms of neutrons and deepen our understanding of the origins of the elements that surround us.
01 Aug 2023
Researchers from Osaka University found that patients with persistently high levels of urinary albumin excretion in the long term are at high risk of new-onset heart failure. Preventive treatment associated with the lowering of urinary albumin excretion levels in these patients could reduce the risk of later heart failure or mortality.
31 Jul 2023
Researchers from Osaka University have demonstrated a proof-of-concept for identifying single nucleotides by using quantum computing. Molecular rotation patterns—and the corresponding variations in conductance—within the nanoscale gap between two electrodes enabled the development of a quantum gate for the nucleotide adenosine monophosphate. Developing quantum gates for the other three nucleotides, and incorporating this technology into DNA sequencing workflows, could revolutionize genome analysis.
31 Jul 2023
Enantioselection with neither chiral catalysis nor chiral ingredients (absolute enantioselection) has been one of the most active topics of interest but its experimental realizations have been challenging. A team led by researchers at the Institute for Molecular Science (IMS) demonstrated the enantioselectivity of helical supramolecules consisting only of achiral molecules solely by exploiting chiral-induced spin selectivity (CISS) effect. The helicity of the supramolecules is created not by microscopic molecular arrangements but by mesoscopically introduced dislocations. Now CISS effect has been revealed to be relevant for the wider class of chirality ranging from microscopic to mesoscopic length scales.
An electric car in Singapore
28 Jul 2023
Newcastle University (UK) and the Energy Research Institute at Nanyang Technological University hosted a UK-Singapore symposium funded by the UK Government in April 2023. It aimed to foster partnerships and research for widespread electric vehicle adoption. The event featured discussions on technology, economics, and policy over three days, encouraging joint collaboration in advanced electric transport research and commercialization.
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27 Jul 2023
succeeded in preparing atactic C1 polymers with a high melting point of up to 130 ℃ by utilizing a hydrogen-bonding interaction among amide-linkages incorporated into the polymer side-chains.
Demonstration of Substituent Effects in Anti-aromatic Compounds
27 Jul 2023
Elucidation of global anti-aromaticity (aromaticity) in homoHPHAC+ (homoHPHAC3+) with electron-accepting to electron-donating substituents
26 Jul 2023
Researchers from Osaka University use quasi-elastic neutron scattering to get a close look at the behavior of water molecules in a semiclathrate hydrate crystal. They found that the molecules showed fast reorientation with an activation energy similar to that of cleaving a hydrogen bound. This rapid relaxation time in the solid electrolyte is expected to lead to efficient, cost-effective, and safe applications for semiclathrate hydrates in batteries and thermal storage materials.
25 Jul 2023
Illuminating the molecular ballet in living cells, Charting the voyage of marine plastics, A glimpse into the origins of life & Earliest human journeys to Asia. Plus Submissions open for Asia Research News 2024. Read all in the latest Editor's Choice.
24 Jul 2023
SUTD researchers delve into the bilingual experience and its impact on children’s context-sensitive perception of trust, offering insights into how language diversity can enrich and benefit children’s social-cognitive development.
A well-preserved fossilized forest from the late Miocene epoch was found in Japan, near the Ota bridge on the Kiso river. (Photo: Toshihiro Yamada)
21 Jul 2023
An exquisitely preserved fossil forest from Japan provides missing links and helps reconstruct a whole Eurasia plant from the late Miocene epoch.
21 Jul 2023
Agricultural genetic stories reported at the International Congress of Genetics in Melbourne.
20 Jul 2023
Researchers from the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, provide physical insights into porous soft materials, which will facilitate the design of many energy, medical, and other technologies.
20 Jul 2023
Thursday at the International Congress of Genetics in Melbourne
18 Jul 2023
RNases have been proposed as a treatment against systemic autoimmune diseases. Researchers from Osaka University showed that RNases have a dual action. In some cases, RNases are detrimental and stimulate the immune response by promoting the binding of antibodies to their targets. These findings will improve the understanding and treatment of systemic autoimmune disorders.
14 Jul 2023
Researchers from Northwestern University and recently joining the Institute for Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo develop a high-throughput approach to evaluate protein folding stability in thousands of proteins .
11 Jul 2023
A research team has discovered an astounding array of unexplored protein folds. This research will expand our understanding of the depth of the protein universe and the possibilities for de novo design of functional proteins.
Microbial cultures used in the study to investigate the biosynthesis of actinopyradizone (Photo: Kenichi Matsuda).
11 Jul 2023
The entire biosynthetic pathway of actinopyridazone has been unveiled, revealing that an unprecedented carrier protein-mediated ring-forming step is key to its synthesis.
Quenched texture of the recovered sample
06 Jul 2023
The composition of the Earth’s earliest atmosphere
Quenched texture of the recovered sample
06 Jul 2023
How have the atmosphere and mantle oxidation state of the Earth changed?
05 Jul 2023
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Science Advances high-speed atomic force microscopy experiments that show the structural and chemical changes in an enzyme thought to play a vital role in modulating the strength of neural connections.
04 Jul 2023
A new method for connecting neurons in neuromorphic wetware has been developed by researchers from Osaka University and Hokkaido University. The wetware comprises conductive polymer wires grown in a three-dimensional configuration, done by applying square-wave voltage to electrodes submerged in a precursor solution. The voltage can modify wire conductance, allowing the network to be trained. This fabricated network is able to perform unsupervised Hebbian learning and spike-based learning.
Searching Chemical Action and Network (SCAN) has a graphical user interface (GUI) that can be used for data analyses and data visualization (Images: Keisuke Takahashi).
03 Jul 2023
A new online platform to explore computationally calculated chemical reaction pathways has been released, allowing for in-depth understanding and design of chemical reactions.
03 Jul 2023
An international research team has discovered that a subduction zone’s age affects the ability for it to recycle water between the Earth’s surface and its inner layers. The more mature the subduction zone, the bigger the water storage capacity.
29 Jun 2023
New technological development has provided further clues about the origins of life on Earth. An international research group invented an innovative X-ray spectroscopy approach that enabled them to recreate the chemical reactions occurring in liquids at the femtosecond level (a quadrillionth part of a second). They used this to examine ureas—an organic compound that underwent ionization to form some of the building blocks of life.
Filipino geoarchaeologist Vito Hernandez (second from right, with camera)
28 Jun 2023
New findings from a cave in northern Laos add to a growing body of evidence that modern humans arrived in Southeast Asia over 80,000 years ago, tens of thousands of years earlier than previously thought.
Stepwise synthesis of unusual phenanthrene-fused porphyrins
28 Jun 2023
A New Approach for Peripheral Annelation of Porphyrinoid
28 Jun 2023
Researchers from Osaka University have revealed the mechanism by which increased signaling through a pathway associated with a molecule called Wnt leads to the development of liver cancer. They identified a gene called GREB1 as a target of Wnt specifically in liver cancer. This gene alters the function of a protein called HNF4α, leading to the development of cancer. They also showed that treatment of mice with antisense oligonucleotides against GREB1 had significant anti-cancer effects.

Events

30 Jan 2013
The International Conference for Young Chemists (ICYC) is a biennial conference organised by the postgraduate students of the School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia with the aim to gather local and international postgraduate researchers to create interaction and networking in the field of Chemistry.
15 Nov 2012
The Irago Conference 2012 (Asia-Pacific Interdisciplinary Research Conference 2012) will be held November 15-16, 2012 in Irago, Aichi prefecture, Japan.
02 Dec 2012
The Joint International Semantic Technology Conference (JIST) is a regional federation of Semantic Technology related conferences. JIST aims to bring together researchers in the Semantic Technology research community and related technologies to present their innovative research results or novel applications of semantic technologies.
08 Dec 2012
2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering (ITSE2012) will be hosted by Beijing Jiaotong University in Beijing during December 8-10, 2012.
22 May 2012
The lecture entitled "Dry Area Agriculture: A Challenge that can be Overcome" is given by Mahmoud Solh, Director General of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas. If you can’t join in person, there is a live webcast too (link below)
16 Dec 2012
CJP is set to hold Global Algae Biodiesel World programme 2012 from December 16-17, 2012. CJP’s Global Algae Biodiesel World 12 focuses on the entire algae production from lab to scale. Topics are carefully selected to cover the Biology, Engineering, Marketing and Financial aspects of algae commercialization.
14 Oct 2012
The aim of the conference is mainly to report and discuss the most recent topics in computational physics and its applications to research and industry. It treats with particular care also issues related to education in developing countries without enough infrastructure for computation.
11 Jul 2012
IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics
06 May 2012
An IEEE Region-4 sponsored conference, the 2012 IEEE-EIT, is hosted by Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) and the Central Indiana Section of IEEE (CIS-IEEE).
25 Apr 2012
Asia's largest bio event, where new business and innovation are born!
13 May 2012
The Centre for Science & Technology of the Non-Aligned and Other Developing Countries (NAM S&T Centre) announces the organisation of a 4-day International Workshop on ‘Science and Technology Diplomacy For Developing Countries’ with the Center for Innovation and Technology Cooperation (CITC).
04 Jun 2012
National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) is pleased to announce “NIMS Conference 2012” to be held from June 4 to 6 2012. The theme is “Structural Materials Science and Strategy for Sustainability - Back to the Basics“
10 Jul 2012
Engineering Conference (ENCON) is the flagship conference for Faculty of Engineering Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. Currently, the issues of green technologies and sustainable development have been the key focus in the engineering field. Therefore, the theme for ENCON 2012 is Engineering Towards Change - Empowering Green Solutions.
19 Mar 2012
Come 19 - 22 March 2012, the annual BioPharma Asia Convention 2012 will take centre stage, providing a platform for the biopharma industry to find the right partners for their business needs at Marina Bay Sands, Singapore.
13 Mar 2012
Ottawa, Canada - Carlos Pérez del Castillo, chair of the CGIAR consortium board, will be at Canada’s IDRC March 13 to discuss the importance of renewing Canada's commitment to agricultural research.
26 Mar 2012
Public and private partnerships in agriculture are gaining importance. Yet little is known about how they work or how to improve them. To understand this emerging trend, Canada's International Development Research Center (IDRC) is hosting a conference in partnership with the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Development.
13 Mar 2012
The International Development Research Center (IDRC) is hosting a public lecture by Carlos Pérez del Castillo, who will speak about the role of research in achieving food security.
29 Feb 2012
The MANA International Symposium, jointly held with International Center for Young Scientist (ICYS) is organized once a year to disseminate the research results of MANA and ICYS to a wide audience.
16 Feb 2012
The Annual Meeting is one of the most widely recognized pan-science events, with hundreds of networking opportunities and broad global media coverage. An exceptional array of speakers will gather at the 2012 AAAS Annual Meeting from 16-20 February in Vancouver, B.C.
18 Feb 2012
Three researchers supported through the Atlas of Islamic-World Science and Innovation project will present their findings at the 2012 annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), to be held February 16-20 in Vancouver, Canada.
22 Aug 2012
In the Year 2012, Prince of Songkla University is given the honor to host this 10th International Conference on Membrane Science and Technology after Nanyang Technological University, Singapore in 2011. The theme for this year's conference is "Membrane for Sustainable Energy & Environment".
14 Feb 2012
Seminar which aims to production of niche furniture products using alternative resources.
15 Feb 2012
The 11th international nanotechnology exhibition and conference
17 Feb 2012
In this symposium, advancement of R & D especially on renewable electrical energy sources and structural materials for seismic safety using nanotechnology will be reviewed.
15 Feb 2012
International Food and Agricultural Congress which will be held from February 15 to 19, 2012 in Antalya, Turkey. The organizers of the congress are Turkish Agriculture Federation and Middle East Technical University Food Engineering Department
05 Sep 2012
The 5th Global Jatropha 3.0 Integrated Nonfood Biodiesel Farming & Technology Training Programme is dedicated to multifeedstocks for building a sustainable biodiesel industry and is designed to educate all stakeholders about critical issue of availability of right feedstock at right cost to make biodiesel a long-term business opportunity
21 Nov 2011
TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world, will hold its 22nd General Meeting in Trieste, Italy, on 21-23 November. More than 250 people from 30 countries are expected to attend.
14 Nov 2012
The International conference on advances in plant sciences will be held from at Empress Hotel, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The main objective of the Conference is to showcase advances in botanical research and conservation of plants across the globe.
12 Oct 2011
This exhibition showcases latest research and products on ceramic technology, with the theme of “Ceramics: driving forward green & life innovation”. It will be held in Tokyo, from 12th to 14th October 2011
26 Mar 2012
The Conference is gathers major water and energy utilities representatives, financiers, environmental specialists, and international experts to discuss all aspects of water resources development. It will be held in Chiang Mai, Thailand, from 26th – 27th March 2012.

Researchers

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Giants in history

Turkish astrophysicist Dilhan Eryurt (29 November 1926 – 13 September 2012) conducted research on how the sun affects environmental conditions on the moon.
Chinese biochemist Chi Che Wang (1894 - 1979), one of the first Chinese women to study abroad, advanced to prominent research positions at American institutions including the University of Chicago and the Northwestern University Medical School.
Ruby Sakae Hirose (1904 – 1960) was a Japanese-American scientist whose research contributed significantly to our understanding of blood clotting, allergies and cancer.
Chinese electron microscopy specialist Li Fanghua (6 January 1932 – 24 January 2020) facilitated the high-resolution imaging of crystal structures by eliminating interference.
Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987), commonly referred to as the Birdman of India, was the first person to conduct systematic surveys of birds from across India.
Haisako Koyama (1916 – 1997) was a Japanese solar observer whose dedication to recording sunspots – cooler parts of the sun’s surface that appear dark – produced a sunspot record of historic importance.
Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Toshiko Yuasa (11 December 1909 – 1 February 1980) was the first Japanese female physicist whose research on radioactivity shed light on beta decay – the process in which an atom emits a beta particle (electron) and turns into a different element.
Angelita Castro Kelly (1942-2015) was the first female Mission Operations Manager (MOM) of NASA. She spearheaded and supervised the Earth Observing System missions during its developmental stage.
Malaysia’s first astrophysicist, Mazlan binti Othman (born 11 December 1951) was instrumental in launching the country’s first microsatellite, and in sending Malaysia’s first astronaut, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, into space.
Known as Mr. Natural Rubber, chemist and researcher B. C. Shekhar (17 November 1929 – 6 September 2006) introduced a number of technical innovations that helped put Malaysia’s natural rubber industry on the world map.
Shinichiro Tomonaga (31 March 1906 – 8 July 1979), together with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, for their contributions to advance the field of quantum electrodynamics. Tomonaga was also a strong proponent of peace, who actively campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promoted the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
South Korean theoretical physicist Daniel Chonghan Hong (3 March 1956 – 6 July 2002) achieved fame in the public sphere through his research into the physics of popcorn.
Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui (4 October 1918 – 9 January 1998) was the first Asian scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Together with Roald Hoffman, he received this honour in 1981 for his independent research into the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Chinese palaeontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Pei Wenzhong (January 19, 1904 – September 18, 1982) is regarded as a founder of Chinese anthropology.
Physicist Narinder Singh Kapany (31 October 1926 – 4 December 2020) pioneered the use of optical fibres to transmit images, and founded several optical technology companies. Born in Punjab, India, he worked at a local optical instruments factory before moving to London for PhD studies at Imperial College. There, he devised a flexible fibrescope to convey images along bundles of glass fibres.
Japanese physicist Ukichiro Nakaya (1900-1962) made the world’s first artificial snowflakes. He started his research on snow crystals in the early 1930s at Hokkaido University, where there is an unlimited supply of natural snow in winter. By taking over 3,000 photographs, he established a classification of natural snow crystals and described their relationship with weather conditions.
The field of solid-state ionics originated in Europe, but Takehiko Takahashi of Nagoya University in Japan was the first to coin the term ‘solid ionics’ in 1967. ‘Solid-state ionics’ first appeared in 1971 in another of his papers, and was likely a play on ‘solid-state electronics’, another rapidly growing field at the time.
Charles Kuen Kao (Nov. 4, 1933 to Sept. 23, 2018) was an engineer who is regarded as the father of fibre optics. His work in the 1960s on long distance signal transmission using very pure glass fibres revolutionized telecommunications, enabling innovations such as the Internet.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Motoo Kimura (13 November 1924 – 13 November 1994) was a Japanese theoretical population geneticist who is best remembered for developing the neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Meghnad Saha (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was an Indian astrophysicist best known for formulating the Saha ionization equation which describes the chemical and physical properties of stars.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a scientist and inventor who contributed to a wide range of scientific fields such as physics, botany and biology.
Osamu Shimomura (27 August 1928 – 19 October 2018) was a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist who dedicated his career to understanding how organisms emitted light.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian astrophysicist who studied the structure and evolution of stars.
Joo-myung Seok (November 13, 1908 – October 6, 1950) was a Korean butterfly entomologist who made important contributions to the taxonomy of the native butterfly species in Korea.
Mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani (12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was the first and only woman and Iranian to date to win the Fields Medal in 2014 for her work on curved surfaces.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who performed ground-breaking research in the field of light-scattering.
Mohammad Abdus Salam (29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996) was a theoretical physicist and the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was a math prodigy and widely considered one of India’s greatest mathematicians. Despite having almost no formal training in mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) is best known for developing the Ramachandran plot to understand the structure of short chains of amino acids, known as peptides.
Hitoshi Kihara (1893 – 1986) was one of the most famous Japanese geneticists of the 20th century. One of his most significant contributions was identifying sex chromosomes (X and Y) in flowering plants.
Chien-Shiung Wu (31 May 1912 – 16 February 1997) was an experimental physicist who made several important contributions to nuclear physics. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project – a top-secret program for the production of nuclear weapons during World War II and helped to develop a process for separating uranium into U235 and U238.
Meemann Chang (born 17 April 1936) is a Chinese palaeontologist who studied the fossils of ancient fish to understand the evolution of life. By examining fossils, she uncovered new insights on how vertebrates, animals with a backbone, migrated from the sea and became adapted to live on land.
Bibha Chowdhuri (1913 – 2 June 1991) was an Indian physicist who researched on particle physics and cosmic rays. In 1936, she was the only female to complete a M.Sc. degree at the University of Calcutta.
Lin Lanying (7 February 1918 – 4 March 2003) was a Chinese material engineer remembered for her contributions to the field of semiconductor and aerospace materials. Lanying was born into a family who did not believe in educating girls and she was not allowed to go to school.
Japanese geochemist Katsuko Saruhashi developed the first method and tools for measuring carbon dioxide in seawater