Medicine

News

Asia Research News Editor's Choice
13 May 2022
Molecular robots work cooperatively in swarms, LED lights made from rice husk, Muonic x-rays safely see inside samples, Making a luminescent material shine brighter and How to counter vaccine hesitancy, Read all in the May Editor's Choice and this month's Asia Research News 2022 magazine pick - Absorbing impact: Inside the Head of a Woodpecker.
27 Apr 2022
A new report by the InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) highlights practical recommendations for improving the uptake of vaccines.
IMAGE
25 Apr 2022
Examination of endangered species’ stem cells unveils ancient genetic links between mammals.
21 Apr 2022
Giants in History: The research of Filipino pharmaceutical chemist Luz Oliveros-Belardo (3 November 1906 – 12 December 1999) focussed on essential oils and other chemicals derived from native Philippine plants.
Asia Research News Editor's Choice
14 Apr 2022
Bacteria hitchhike on red blood cells, New model simulates effects of exercise on muscles, Argon found in air of ancient atmosphere and Revealing emergent elastic fields of chiral crystals. Read all in the April Editor's Choice and this month's Asia Research News 2022 magazine pick - Asia's race to outsmart antimicrobial resistance.
 Manuel A. Zamora
14 Apr 2022
Giants in History: Filipino chemist and pharmacist Manuel A. Zamora (29 March 1870 – 9 July 1929) is best remembered for his discovery of the tiki-tiki formula to combat beriberi, a disease caused by Vitamin B1 deficiency
Prosthesis
10 Apr 2022
Malaysian and UK medical device and composite materials experts have partnered up to research into using natural fibres for prosthetic limb technology to lower the cost of the prosthesis
Fig 4d
05 Apr 2022
Researchers have captured images of cells in mice using astronomy technology
Distinguished Professor Hiroki Shirato
04 Apr 2022
Distinguished Professor Hiroki Shirato of Hokkaido University is one of the nine recipients of the Japan Academy Prize in 2022, for his groundbreaking work on “Biomedical and Engineering Research about Real-time Tumor Tracking Radiotherapy/Particle Beam Therapy against Cancer.”
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. The leukemia cells have irregular nuclei which are deeply convoluted (deep violet). (Photo: Peter Maslak/American Society of Hematology).
31 Mar 2022
Gene editing technology has been used to pinpoint new molecular targets for treating an aggressive form of leukemia in adults.
ReoGo upper extremity rehabilitation device used for the study
25 Mar 2022
Prof. Takashi Takebayashi and his colleague performed a retrospective analysis where they analysed the significance of varied assistance level when using robotic therapy among stroke survivors. They proved that the assistance level needs to be maximised for patients who had severe to moderate stroke whereas the assistance should be minimised for the moderate to mild stroke patients. They stressed on the need for future studies with more objective outcome tools and a larger sample using appropriate research methods.
23 Mar 2022
Researchers have discovered in mice an additional use of globins as an intravenous drug that can delay liver fibrosis progression. Last year, the application of recombinant human cytoglobin (CYGB) as a protein therapeutic agent against liver damage and cirrhosis was published in Hepatology (Hepatology 2021,73:2527-2545) by Professor Norifumi Kawada’s research group. Here, they studied the antifibrotic properties of the globin family members hemoglobin (HB), myoglobin (MB), and neuroglobin (NGB) in comparison with CYGB. All globins demonstrated greater antioxidant capacity than glutathione in cell-free systems. Interestingly, all globins, except HB, could enter the cells and inhibit the collagen synthesis leading to a suppression of fibrosis development both in vitro and in vivo. The study was published in the journal Redox Biology.
Asia Research News: Editors Choice
16 Mar 2022
Microgravity worms help solve astronaut muscle problems, CO2 recycling and drug development, Remote control of robot hand, Enabling the study of diverse Hepatitis B. Read all in the March's Editor's Choice and even more in the Asia Research News 2022 magazine.
The cancer stem cells cultured on the DN gel formed a tumor when injected into mice brain.
11 Mar 2022
A soft hydrogel could help scientists find treatments for drug-resistant cancer stem cells.
Biotinylation of interacting proteins in a protein degrader-dependent manner
09 Mar 2022
An analysis method for protein–protein interactions using proximity-dependent biotinylation for next-generation drugs
09 Mar 2022
Tests using a mouse model of Alport syndrome suggests that turning off a cell signalling protein may significantly prolong life by preventing kidney scarring.
Children and workers
04 Mar 2022
A recent study in The Lancet provides the most comprehensive understanding of this global health problem to-date.
Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria
04 Mar 2022
The Asian Development Bank partnered with global institutions to examine efforts to curb one of humanity’s most significant global health threats.
03 Mar 2022
Asia Research News surveyed institutions in Asia to learn about their latest contributions to antimicrobial resistance research.
02 Mar 2022
A team of researchers at Tohoku University have developed a simple lab-based system for growing human muscle cells that are capable of vigorously contracting.
Skeleton
01 Mar 2022
A novel biomaterial promotes bone tissue regrowth, showing promise for surgical procedures.
25 Feb 2022
Induction into the Hall of Master Academic Clinicians is the highest accolade for clinical faculty at the SingHealth Duke-NUS Academic Medical Centre. Exemplary clinical faculty members are selected by a special committee for their subject matter mastery, academic excellence and exceptional mentoring for Duke-NUS students.
The prototype of the ATP and Lactate sensor developed in the study (left); and the integrated sensor chip that detects ATP and Lactate levels (right). (Photos: Akihiko Ishida).
25 Feb 2022
Scientists have developed a prototype sensor that could help doctors rapidly measure adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and lactate levels in blood samples from patients, aiding in the rapid assessment of the severity of some diseases.
Ogino Ginko - The first registered female doctor of modern medicine in Japan
24 Feb 2022
Giants in History: Ogino Ginko (3 March 1851 – 23 June 1913) was the first registered female doctor to practise modern medicine in Japan. After contracting gonorrhoea from her first husband and being embarrassed from having to seek medical attention from male doctors, Ginko resolved to become a doctor to help women in similar situations.
Stimulating Blood Vessel Formation with Magnets
22 Feb 2022
A magnetic field could boost blood vessel growth to regenerate damaged tissue.
17 Feb 2022
Giants in History: Barry Paw (29 August 1962 – 28 December 2017) was a biologist and oncologist born in Myanmar who discovered several novel genes and their functions in red blood cells.
Cell lines producing high-titer cell culture-generated Hepatitis B virus of various genotypes
14 Feb 2022
Advancement in cell lines capable of producing Hepatitis B’s many genotypes can reveal much about the unique virological features and treatment responses eluding researchers of this virus that has been infecting humans as far back as the Bronze Age.
Editor's choice
11 Feb 2022
Low volcanic temperature ushered in global cooling and thriving dinosaurs, Broccoli compound induces cell death in yeast, A single molecule makes big splash in quantum mechanics, Dengue virus makes mosquitos bite more often, and Asia Research News: How it all began, all in the February's Editor's Choice
A surgical simulation unit used in the study (Photo: Takashige Abe).
07 Feb 2022
A large-scale study has found that simulation-based surgical training produced an increase of surgeons’ skills for more complex surgeries.
DIM damages nuclear membrane in fission yeast
24 Jan 2022
Broccoli may contain advantages beyond nutrition. A molecule found in broccoli, cabbage and more digests down into DIM, a compound with brighter benefits than the name implies, such as inducing cell death in breast, prostate and colon cancer. Now, researchers are beginning to understand the mechanism underpinning this molecular behavior — information that could help elucidate future anti-cancer treatments.

Events

20 Oct 2008
Mumbai, India - The conference bring together CEOs, therapeutic area experts, top scientists, R&D heads, investors, regulatory experts and business executives from India, the USA and Europe.
22 Oct 2008
Beijing, China - Molecular diagnostics has been emerging as a field that promises to renew technological progress in the clinical laboratory and vastly improve patient care.
09 Sep 2008
Shanghai, China - MEDTEC China is positioned to be a dynamic force in advancing the industry's manufacturing infrastructure to enable in-country design and production of the full range of medical products.
05 Sep 2008
Delhi, India - Health India Expo is a comprehensive showcase of opportunities emerging in India's burgeoning healthcare sector. The health care sector in India offers abundant collaboration opportunities for companies and medical practitioners from all over the world.
01 Dec 2008
The first annual world vaccine Congress will bring you the No. 1 largest speaker clusters and most influential vaccine event program in vaccine meeting history across the world. It aims at building a complete network for whole vaccine world.
22 Jul 2008
Serdang, Malaysia - This is an international symposium to provide higher education and training to neurosurgeons, neurosurgical trainees, nurses and paramedical personnel in the Southeast Asian region.
15 Oct 2008
Phuket, Thailand - The Conference will serve as a forum for exchanging comprehensive information, practical experience, new skills and techniques and for conceptualizing and integrating approaches to the prevention and control of the disease.
03 Sep 2008
UP Manila, Philippines - This conference is intended to be a venue to formalize networks and linkages among nurse researchers and research-based nursing institutions in the region.
12 Jul 2008
The sessions include "Promise and problems of molecular targeted therapiesin children: Lessons from Hedgehog pathway inhibitors", "Regeneration of the damaged Central Nervous System", "Imaging cognition and genetics" and "Aquaporin water channels: from atomic structure to clinical medicine"
16 Nov 2008
The conference aims to provide scientists and executives from academia, and pharmaceutical companies, with the detail information on drug development from natural products and traditional medicines.
11 Jun 2008
The British Nobel Laureate Lecture Series, a collaboration between Keio University and the British Embassy, commemorates the 150th anniversaries of the founding of Keio University, and the initiation of UK- Japan diplomatic relations. Four lectures will be held as a part of Keio's 150th Anniversary Commemorative Project and UK-JAPAN 2008.
10 Jun 2008
New York, USA - The United Nations will convene a Global Leaders’ HIV/TB Forum this June in an effort to boost UN's collective capacity to drive down HIV-associated TB deaths.
05 Jun 2008
Fujian, China - Interherb is the ideal location for industry practitioner to source for international and local healthcare products.
21 Oct 2008
KL, Malaysia - This seminar aims to increase the awareness and potentials of researchers, academicians, private sector, entrepreneurs and policy makers towards a greater concerted effort for the advancement of herbal research and industry.
01 Oct 2008
Manila, Philippines - The conference will tackle issues brought about by the changing global health scenario and consequent challenges to education in the health professions.
25 Jun 2008
Sarawak, Malaysia - This conference invites international speakers to share their knowledge and expertise in evidence-based practice with nurses and other allied health professionals to enhance the quality of patient care.
18 Jun 2008
The 2nd USM Penang International Postgraduate Convention 2008 will be held from the 18 - 20 June 2008 at Universiti Sains Malaysia. Postgraduate students and researchers are invited to attend. Early bird registration ends on 15 May 2008.
01 May 2008
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia - The event focuses on Brain Impairment and Ageing. A range of other topics will be included.
01 May 2008
Gold Coast, QLD, Australia - The theme for the main meeting is Sun Surf Scintillation. The theme for the Pre-Meeting Symposium is Balls, Breasts and Photons.
05 May 2008
KL, Malaysia - this meeting will serve to promote the advancement of scientific knowledge and research in all aspects of nephrology, enhance cooperation and forge stronger links among all the members of the nephrology community.
25 Jun 2008
Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia - The conference aims to promote the use of evidence in nursing to ensure quality care is delivered to the clients in an increasingly complex and challenging health care environment.
23 Apr 2008
The first scientific conference of Al Kadhimiyia Teaching Hospital (University Hospital in Al Kadhimiyia will be held in the hospital under the patronage of the Iraqi Minister of Health Dr Salih Al Hasnawi.
09 Sep 2008
Shanghai, China - MEDTEC China is a premier opportunity to source everything needed to design and produce the full spectrum of advanced medical devices.
02 Jul 2008
Tokyo, Japan - International trade fair specialized in API, where all pharmaceutical ingredient suppliers exhibit.
02 Jul 2008
Tokyo, Japan - Pharma Pack allows you to Meet top industry professionals and expose your technologies/ products/services to the Japanese pharmaceutical industry.
03 Apr 2008
Hong Kong - Polyphenols are a kind of chemical that may protect against some common health problems and possibly certain effects of aging. This symposium summarises current knowledge, and indicate the path for new major discoveries.
30 Apr 2008
Darwin, Australia - Plenary sessions will showcase leaders in Paediatrics and Child Health Care. These speakers will focus on the critical issues in the specialty areas.
19 May 2008
Antalya, Turkey - The program will include presentations by leading basic, clinical, and epidemiologic scientists on the latest discoveries in their areas.
04 Apr 2008
KL, Malaysia - The event brings you the best in professional development offerings, opportunities to network with and learn from peers in the field.
02 Nov 2008
The most definitive antibody event in Europe will be coming to Asia in 2008. Asia Antibody Congress 2008 will bring together thought leaders from pharmaceutical, biotech & start-up companies, CRO/CMOs, consultants & regulatory authorities.

Researchers

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Giants in history

Michiaki Takahashi (17 February 1928 – 16 December 2013) was a Japanese virologist who developed the first chickenpox vaccine.
Irene Ayako Uchida’s (8 April 1917 – 30 July 2013) strides to understand genetic diseases such as Down syndrome paved the way for early screening of chromosomal abnormalities in foetuses.
Baron Kitasato Shibasaburo (29 January 1856 – 13 June 1931) was a Japanese physician and bacteriologist whose work led to a new understanding of preventing and treating tetanus, diphtheria and anthrax.
Maggie Lim (5 January 1913 – November 1995) was a Singaporean physician who promoted family planning and expanded the access to clinics to improve the quality of life for mothers and children in Singapore’s early days.
By isolating soil microorganisms and studying the compounds they produce, Satoshi Omura (born 1935) discovered almost 500 organic compounds with unique properties that were produced by these microorganisms, including many new antibiotics.
The founder of the Adyar Cancer Institute in India, Muthulakshmi Reddy (30 July 1886 – 22 July 1968), fought to uplift women and girls from impoverished situations.
Chinese-American virologist and molecular biologist Flossie Wong-Staal (27 August 1946 – 8 July 2020) was the first scientist to clone HIV and determine the function of its genes.
Maharani Chakravorty (1937 – 2015) was one of India’s earliest molecular biologists whose research paved the way for advances in the treatment of bacterial and viral infections.
Archana Sharma (16 February 1932 - 14 January 2008) conducted research into plant and human genetics that expanded the understanding of both botany and human health. In relation to botany, she uncovered the means by which asexually-reproducing plants evolve into new species.
The first Thai woman to receive a degree in medicine, Margaret Lin Xavier (29 May 1898 – 6 December 1932), is best remembered for her compassion towards her less privileged patients.
In 1915, pathologist Katsusaburo Yamagiwa and his research assistant Koichi Ichikawa became the first to prove that chronic exposure to chemicals can cause cancer.
In 1915, Koichi Ichikawa along with pathologist Katsusaburo Yamagiwa became the first to prove that chronic exposure to chemicals can cause cancer.
Husband and wife team, Kimishige (3 December 1925 – 6 July 2018) and Teruko Ishizaka (28 September 1926 – 4 June 2019) discovered the antibody class Immunoglobulin E (IgE) that triggers allergic reactions. They also discovered that IgE antibodies attach to white blood cells, known as mast cells, releasing histamine, which causes allergic reactions.
Husband and wife team, Kimishige (3 December 1925 – 6 July 2018) and Teruko Ishizaka (28 September 1926 – 4 June 2019) discovered the antibody class Immunoglobulin E (IgE) that triggers allergic reactions. They also discovered that IgE antibodies attach to white blood cells, known as mast cells, releasing histamine, which causes allergic reactions.
Japanese chemist Takamine Jokichi (3 November 1854 – 22 July 1922) founded the Tokyo Artificial Fertilizer Company, where he isolated a starch-digesting enzyme (named takadiastase) from the fungus Aspergillus oryzae.
Ground-breaking cancer researcher Kamal Jayasing Ranadive (8 November 1917 – 11 April 2001) advanced the understanding of the causes of leukaemia, breast cancer and oesophageal cancer through the use of animal models. She was also among the first to recognise how susceptibility to cancer is linked to tumour-causing interactions between hormones and viruses.
The research of Filipino pharmaceutical chemist Luz Oliveros-Belardo (3 November 1906 – 12 December 1999) focussed on essential oils and other chemicals derived from native Philippine plants.
Thai physician and conservationist Boonsong Lekagul (1907 – 1992) made major contributions to the preservation of his country’s wildlife.
Indian scientist and physician Upendranath Brahmachari (19 December 1873–6 February 1946) is best known for creating a drug called Urea Stibamine, used to safely and reliably treat visceral leishmaniasis (or Kala-azar), a severe infection caused by the Leishmania parasite.
Filipino chemist and pharmacist Manuel A. Zamora (29 March 1870 – 9 July 1929) is best remembered for his discovery of the tiki-tiki formula to combat beriberi, a disease caused by Vitamin B1 deficiency.
Korean parasitologist Seung-Yull Cho (16 November 1943 – 27 January 2019) is remembered largely for his pioneering works to control infections caused by helminthic parasites and his contribution to journal publishing.
Fe Villanueva del Mundo (27 November 1911 – 6 August 2011) was a Filipina paediatrician who founded the Philippines’ first paediatric hospital.
After witnessing death and suffering as a youth in his home village during World War II, Nguyễn Tài Thu (6 April 1931 – 14 February 2021) set his sights on alleviating pain by becoming a doctor. After studying Traditional Chinese Medicine in China in the 1950s, Thu returned to Vietnam to serve in military hospitals. Eventually, he became the country’s foremost practitioner of acupuncture, a technique he first learned by inserting needles into himself.
Minoru Shirota (April 23, 1899 – March 10, 1982) was a Japanese microbiologist who invented the popular fermented drink Yakult.
Wu Lien-teh (10 March 1879 – 21 January 1960) was a Malaysian-born doctor who invented a mask that effectively suppressed disease transmission. Winning the prestigious Queen’s Scholarship enabled Wu to become the first Chinese student to study medicine at the University of Cambridge.
David T. Wong (born 1936) is a Hong Kong-born American neuroscientist who is best known for discovering the antidepressant drug fluoxetine, better known as Prozac.
Indian organic chemist Asima Chatterjee (1917 to 2006) studied the medicinal properties of plant products, especially compounds known as vinca alkaloids.
Chika Kuroda (24 March 1884 – 8 November 1968) was a Japanese chemist whose research focussed on the structures of natural pigments.
Umetaro Suzuki (7 April 1874 – 20 September 1943) was a Japanese scientist best remembered for his research on beriberi, a disease caused by vitamin B1 deficiency, characterized by limb stiffness, paralysis and pain.
Salimuzzaman Siddiqui (19 October 1897 – 14 April 1994) was an artist and chemist from Pakistan whose research focused on natural products from plants.
Barry Paw (29 August 1962 – 28 December 2017) was a biologist and oncologist who discovered several novel genes and their functions in red blood cells.
Syed Qasim Mehdi (13 February 1941 – 28 September 2016) was a Pakistani molecular biologist who was a founding member of the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP), which assessed human diversity by studying human migration, mutation rates, relationships between different populations, genes involved in height and selective pressure.
Tsai-Fan Yu (1911 – 2 March 2007) was a Chinese-American physician and researcher who was the first female full professor at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. She discovered that gout, a condition characterized by the painful inflammation of joints, was caused by elevated levels of uric acid in the bloodstream.
Min Chueh Chang (10 October 1908 – 5 June 1991) was a Chinese-American biologist who studied fertilization in mammalian reproduction.
A Japanese surgeon, Tetsuzo Akutsu (20 August 1922 – 9 August 2007) built the first artificial heart capable of keeping an animal alive.
Ogino Ginko (3 March 1851 – 23 June 1913) was the first registered female doctor to practise modern medicine in Japan.
Esther Park (1877-1910), born Kim Jeom-dong, was the first female Korean physician to practise modern medicine in Korea and trained the first generation of Korean female doctors.