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2022 Magazine articles

View from the Subaru Telescope of broader landscape

Going to extremes to study stars from Earth

Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU)
Far from the white sandy beaches and palm trees of Honolulu, Hawaii, astronomers from around the world travel to the top of a volcano that looks like a plateau on Mars. Naoyuki Tamura, a project associate professor at the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, has been making that same journey to the top of Maunakea to supervise the construction of a new instrument for the Subaru Telescope.
Earth formation

Ten years of ELSI: Earth, life and a new research culture in Japan

Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokyo Institute of Technology
Unlike most traditional Japanese universities, the Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) at Tokyo Institute of Technology has created a ‘flat’ and diverse research environment. On its ten-year anniversary, Outgoing Director Kei Hirose shares what is special about the institute and the secret behind its successful management.
Environment, Science, Space
An artist’s impression of Mars four billion years ago

The dawn of evolution: ELSI's quest for extra-terrestrial life

Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokyo Institute of Technology
The Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) based at Tokyo Institute of Technology will reach a turning point this year. For the first time in its 10-year history, it will extend the scope of its initial research theme, "The Origins and Evolution of the Earth and Life", to include searching for evidence of extra-terrestrial life. ELSI’s new director, Yasuhito Sekine, told Asia Research News what they hope to achieve in the next phase and how.
Environment, Science, Space
Crushed can point singularity

COVID-19: Changing how researchers do mathematics

Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU)
Mathematician Yukari Ito was excited at first to work from home. There was no need to commute to her office at the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, where she is professor, and she could attend seminars by mathematicians around the world from her living room. But there are also challenges, so she hopes some things will go back to the way they used to be.
Covid-19, People, Science, Women
Wildfire in the forest

Atmospheric link between Northern wildfires and heatwaves

Hokkaido University
A recent summertime climate pattern could be driving co-occurring European heatwaves and large-scale wildfires over Siberia, Canada and Alaska.
Climate Change, Environment, Science
Frog: Occidozyga baluensis

The evolutionary history of puddle frogs

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
A study on puddle frogs suggests underestimated biodiversity in Southeast Asia.
Environment, Plants & Animals
The cancer stem cells cultured on the DN gel formed a tumor when injected into mice brain.

Cancer: Going back to the beginnings

Hokkaido University
A soft hydrogel could help scientists find treatments for drug-resistant cancer stem cells.
Diseases, Health, Innovation, Medicine
The 200-year-old U Bein Bridge, located in Amarapura

Myanmar: The unremitting perseverance of researchers

International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
Myanmar’s military coup has created new challenges for the country’s researchers.
Covid-19, Education, Peace and Conflict, People, Women

Au naturel approaches for healthcare and biodiesel production

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Researchers in Malaysia are using the chemistry of natural products for sustainable health and energy solutions.
Energy, Health, Plants & Animals
Blooming flower

Understanding the low nitrogen bloom

Hokkaido University
Scientists from Hokkaido University and colleagues have identified a pathway that accelerates plant flowering in low-nitrogen soils — a finding that could help enhance agricultural production.
Food, Plants & Animals

ELSI graduate course tackles fundamental questions of life

Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokyo Institute of Technology
The Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) in Tokyo launches a new integrated graduate course exploring the origin and evolution of life and planets.
Education, Space
Conceptual artwork in the theme of 'the Origins of Life' by Padi Faraji.

Placing science outreach centre-stage in Japan

Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokyo Institute of Technology
A team at Japan’s Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) is conducting evidence-based outreach to demonstrate why science communication training is so important, with an aim of encouraging other higher education and research institutions to follow its lead.
Communication, Science
Stars and forest at night

Dye-based device sees the invisible

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
Devices that can see shortwave infrared light, which is invisible to the naked eye, could soon become cheaper and more accessible to a broader consumer base.
Materials, Technology
The scientists injected the nanoparticle solution into the tail veins of live mice and were able to obtain high quality MRI (left) and near-infrared fluorescence (right) scans of tissues and blood vessels.

Size matters: Surgical imaging receives nanoparticle enhancement

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
A nanoparticle’s size is fine-tuned to offer high-resolution images before and during surgical procedures.
Materials, Technology

Absorbing Impact: Inside the Head of a Woodpecker

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Inspired by the woodpecker’s ability to strike trees with its beak rapidly and repeatedly without injury, engineers in Malaysia have used computer simulations to find ways to improve the design of composite beams used in impact-prone structures.
Materials, Plants & Animals, Technology

Sign language for all

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)
Computer game uses a camera and AI-based movement recognition to teach sign language to a broader public.
Artificial Intelligence, Education
OMNI ocean sensing system

Floating sensors to gather ocean data

Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo (UTokyo-IIS)
Device designers at the University of Tokyo are developing cheap and accessible ways to monitor and explore the sea.
Environment, Science, Technology
Spinning electricity under the sky

Spinning electricity under the sky

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
A magnetic hybrid system generates electricity day and night with radiative cooling and solar heating.
Energy, Environment, Materials

Mind the gap: Bone defects get new filling

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
A novel biomaterial promotes bone tissue regrowth, showing promise for surgical procedures.
STAM Image

Improving machine learning for materials design

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
A quick, cost-effective approach improves the accuracy with which machine learning models can predict the properties of new materials.
Stimulating Blood Vessel Formation with Magnets

Stimulating blood vessel formation with magnets

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
A magnetic field could boost blood vessel growth to regenerate damaged tissue.
Health, Medicine
Better memristors for brain-like computing

Better memristors for brain-like computing

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
Neurone-like junctions made of mixed oxide-based materials could reduce the massive energy consumption of artificial intelligence operations.
Artificial Intelligence
Testing liquid flow

Giving liquid flow a guiding hand

City University of Hong Kong (CityU)
A surprising tree-inspired discovery is helping scientists design surfaces that encourage different liquids to move in varying directions.
Inventions, Plants & Animals, Science

Lessons from the dead

City University of Hong Kong (CityU)
Whale and dolphin post-mortem imaging could breathe new life into marine conservation.
Diseases, Environment, Plants & Animals
Robot hand with crossed flexure hinge (CFH) system

A helping hand for working robots

Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST)
A reimagined robot hand combines strength with flexibility and resilience, sidestepping problems with existing designs.
Robots, Technology

Asia's race to outsmart antimicrobial resistance

Asia Research News
Asia Research News surveyed institutions in Asia to learn about their latest contributions to antimicrobial resistance research.
Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), Diseases, Health, Medicine
Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria

Antimicrobial resistance: The silent pandemic

Asia Research News
The Asian Development Bank partnered with global institutions to examine efforts to curb one of humanity’s most significant global health threats.
Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), Diseases, Medicine
Children and workers

The global burden of bacterial drug resistance

Asia Research News
A recent study in The Lancet provides the most comprehensive understanding of this global health problem to-date.
Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), Diseases, Medicine
Social Sciences and Coivd-19: The Southeast Asia Response - Report Cover

Social science missing from Asia's COVID-19 response

International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
Policy-makers should engage more closely with social scientists to understand the socio-economic, cultural and political contexts behind the behaviours we need to change in response to global crises.
Covid-19, Diseases, People, Politics

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